Lesbian, gay bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in Solomon Islands are limited, with same-sex sexual activity being illegal since its criminalisation in the 1880s.
Engaging in anal sex acts with another person is punishable by up to 14 years imprisonment under Section 160, Chapter 26 of the Penal Code of Solomon Islands. Attempting anal intercourse can be punished by up to seven years imprisonment. Acts of "gross indecency", even in private, can be punished with five years imprisonment. However, the United States Department of State reported that there were no reports in 2012 of arrests or prosecutions directed at LGBT persons.
The Law Reform Commission proposed legalising gay and lesbian status in December 2008, but the move was strongly opposed. The government told the United Nations in 2011 that it had no intention of decriminalising homosexuality.