LGV Sud Europe Atlantique

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The LGV Sud Europe Atlantique (LGV SEA), also known as the LGV Sud-Ouest, is a high-speed railway line in the early stages of construction, running between Tours and Bordeaux, in France. When built, it will be used by TGV trains operated by SNCF, the French national railway company. The project has been approved.[1] It is an extension of the LGV Atlantique.

Purpose[edit]

Project Map (English/French)

The purpose of constructing the LGV SEA is to bring high-speed rail service to southwestern France and connect the régions of Poitou-Charentes, Aquitaine and Midi-Pyrénées with the high-speed rail service of Northern Europe, which connects Paris to London, Brussels, Amsterdam and beyond. The trip between Paris and Bordeaux will take around two hours and ten minutes with a projected speed of 300 km/h. The inter-city links between Tours, Poitiers, Angoulême, and Bordeaux will also be improved and southwestern France will be better connected to diverse parts of the country and the rest of Europe.

The project is also a response to the heavy traffic on the existing rail line. The differences in speed between the high-speed TGV trains, which reach speeds of up to 220 km/h on the existing tracks, and the slower freight trains and TER (regional) trains, which share the same track, force to greatly increase the interval between these trains. This creates highly congested tracks and prevent their most efficient usage.

Creating dedicated tracks for the TGV allows many more freight and TER trains on the existing tracks. New regional TER services will be created, especially to ease services that are currently crowded. The increase in freight trains on the existing track would ease truck traffic on the roads in the régions, as trains transport more and more merchandise, easing the impact on the environment as well.

The project is also expected to benefit the economy. The construction of Phase 1 alone is expected to create 10,000 construction jobs a year for five years. Jobs in the transport, commerce, and service sectors are expected to be created as well. Local businesses are likely to see competitiveness increase as their markets expand, and tourism to the region is likely to increase as well.

This route would supplement – and partly supersede – the classic Paris–Bordeaux railway line.

Details[edit]

  • The new high-speed route will bypass Libourne, shortening the total distance traveled compared to the existing route.
  • South of Poitiers, a connection will allow trains to access the old tracks towards La Rochelle.
  • The journey between Tours and Bordeaux will be shortened by around 50 minutes. 302 km of high-speed track will be constructed (together with a further 38 km of conventional tracks that connect to the LGV) and the cost of the project is estimated to be €7.2 billion. The state will meet a maximum of half of the cost.[2]
  • The new line will increase annual ridership by about five million travellers.
  • The concessionaire for construction of the Tours to Bordeaux section is Vinci, which will share half the cost with infrastructure manager RFF.[2]
  • The line is expected to open in 2016, at which time the total time from Paris to Bordeaux will reduce from three hours to two.[2]

Phases[edit]

For financial reasons, the project was divided into phases:

Phase 1: Angoulême-Bordeaux[edit]

  • 2001-2003: Pre-project studies and procedures
  • 3 February 2005 - 16 March 2005: Final public hearings

Phase 2: Tours-Angoulême[edit]

  • 2004-2006: Pre-project studies and procedures
  • 2009: Preliminary works and land acquisition
  • 2011: Main construction starts
  • When constructed, Phase 2 must be completed on a rapid schedule due to the increase in traffic that will likely be caused by the completion and opening of Phase 1. For this reason the French government announced in February 2009 additional funding to speed up construction.[1]

Phase 3: Bordeaux-Spanish border[edit]

  • Proposed, not currently decided.
  • 2004-2005: Preliminary studies
  • 2006: Public debate

On 30 July 2010, the French government announced that work on the section to the Spanish border is expected to begin before 2020.[4]

History[edit]

  • 1 April 1992: Initial proposals for a high-speed link between Saint-Pierre-des-Corps and Bordeaux. Early in its conception, the line was going to be called LGV Aquitaine.
  • 1994-1995: Public debate on the LGV Aquitaine project
  • 2011: A 50-year concession to build and operate the line is awarded to the LISEA consortium.[5]
  • 1st quarter 2012: Construction expected to begin, lasting 73 months (until approx. 1st quarter 2017)[5]

References[edit]

External links[edit]