LMS Fairburn 2-6-4T

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LMS Fairburn 2-6-4T
42072 Bradford Exchange.jpg
42072 at Bradford Exchange, 1966/7
Specifications
Power type Steam
Designer Charles E. Fairburn
Builder
Build date 1945–1951
Total produced 277
Configuration 2-6-4T
UIC classification 1′C2′ h2t
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading wheel
diameter
3 ft 3 12 in (1.003 m)
Driver diameter 5 ft 9 in (1.753 m)
Trailing wheel
diameter
3 ft 3 12 in (1.003 m)
Wheelbase 37 ft 1 in (11.30 m)
Length 45 ft 9 34 in (13.96 m)
Locomotive weight 42050–42146: 84.70 long tons (86.06 t)
remainder: 85.25 long tons (86.62 t)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 3.5 long tons (3.6 t)
Water capacity 42050–42146: 1,875 imp gal (8,520 l)
remainder: 2,000 imp gal (9,100 l)
Boiler LMS type 4C
Boiler pressure 200 lbf/in2 (1.38 MPa)
Firegrate area 26 34 sq ft (2.49 m2)
Heating surface:
– Tubes and flues
1,223 sq ft (113.6 m2)
– Firebox 143 sq ft (13.3 m2)
Superheater area 230 sq ft (21 m2)
Cylinders Two, outside
Cylinder size 19 58 in × 26 in (498 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Walschaerts
Tractive effort 24,670 lbf (109.74 kN)
Career
Operator(s)
Power class
  • LMS: 4P
  • BR: 4MT
Withdrawn 1961–1967
Disposition Two preserved, remainder scrapped

The London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) Fairburn Tank 2-6-4T steam locomotives are a class of steam locomotive. They were designed by Charles E. Fairburn for the London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS). 277 of these locomotives were built between 1945–1951, numbered in the range 42050–42186, (4)2187–(4)2299, (4)2673–(4)2699.

Overview[edit]

This design was based on the earlier Stanier LMS Stanier 2-6-4T, which was derived from Henry Fowler's LMS Fowler 2-6-4T engine. Fairburn modified the design to have a shorter wheelbase, reduced from 16 ft 6 in (5.03 m) to 15 ft 4 in (4.67 m) allowing curves of 5 chains to be negotiated; to reduce the locomotives mass per unit length the overall weight was reduced by 3 tons 8 cwt (7,600 lb or 3.4 t).[1]

It was also the basis for the later British Rail Standard Class 4 tank. They were used mainly for suburban passenger trains. Forty-one examples of the class were constructed by Brighton railway works for service on the Southern Region of British Railways in 1950 and 1951, replacing earlier designs. The majority of these remained on the Southern Region throughout their working lives.

LMS No. BR No. Lot No. Date built Built by
42050–065 210 1950 Derby
42066–078 3536 1950 Brighton
42079–095 3536 1951 Brighton
42096–106 3491 1950 Brighton
42107–132 202 1949 Derby
42133–146 202 1950 Derby
42147–182 196 1948 Derby
42183–186 196 1949 Derby
2187–89 42187–189 186 1947 Derby
2190–99 42190–199 186 1948 Derby
2200–17 42200–217 177 1945 Derby
2218–22 42218–222 177 1946 Derby
2223–64 42223–264 185 1946 Derby
2265–72 42265–272 185 1947 Derby
2273–99 42273–299 186 1947 Derby
2673–99 42673–699 177 1945 Derby

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Preservation[edit]

2085 in Caledonian Railway blue at Haverthwaite

Two of the Brighton-built locomotives, nos. 42073 and 42085, survive in preservation on the Lakeside & Haverthwaite Railway, though 42085 recently underwent repairs at the Great Central Railway.

In its early days, 2085 carried Caledonian Railway blue livery, complete with an oval brass Caledonian number plate. This attractive livery was popular with the public, but strongly divided opinions in the preservation movement for its inaccuracy. At the same time, 2073 was painted in LNWR blackberry black, which was comparably anachronistic but generated less hostility as it did at least resemble the original livery.

Models[edit]

Bachmann produces a 00 Gauge model of the Fairburn 4MT in LMS Black as well as early and late BR, numbered as 42073. Bachmann (Graham Farish) also produces several N gauge variants: 2691 in LMS black, 42096 (early BR black), and 42073 (late BR black).

ACE Trains have produced an O-gauge model of 2085 in its early-preservation Caledonian Railway blue livery, although the model is actually of a Stanier designed 2-6-4T.

Images[edit]

Unidentified Fairburn 2-6-4T passing Stanningley 
42689 passing Stanningley 
42085 at Lakeside railway station (2004) 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "L.M.S. Tank Engine", The Engineer 179, 29 Jun 1945: 505 
  2. ^ Trevena, Arthur (1981). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 2. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 38. ISBN 0-906899 03 6. 

Sources[edit]

  • Rowledge, J.W.P. (1975). Engines of the LMS, built 1923–51. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Company. ISBN 0-902888-59-5. 

External links[edit]