LMS Jubilee Class

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LMS Jubilee Class
45593 Kolhapur.jpg
Preserved No. 45593 Kolhapur
Specifications
Power type Steam
Designer William Stanier
Builder
Order number LMS Lot nos. 97, 112, 113, 118, 121, 129
Build date 1934–1936
Total produced 191
Configuration 4-6-0
UIC classification 2′C h2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading wheel
diameter
3 ft 3 12 in (1.003 m)
Driver diameter 6 ft 9 in (2.057 m)
Length 64 ft 8 34 in (19.73 m)
Locomotive weight 79.55 long tons (80.83 t)
Tender weight 54.65 long tons (55.53 t)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 9.0 long tons (9.1 t)
Water capacity 4,000 imp gal (18,000 l; 4,800 US gal)
Boiler LMS type 3A
Boiler pressure 225 psi (1.55 MPa)
Firegrate area 29 12 or 31 sq ft (2.74 or 2.88 m2)
Heating surface:
– Tubes and flues
1,372 to 1,470 sq ft (127.5 to 136.6 m2)
– Firebox 162 or 181 sq ft (15.1 or 16.8 m2)
Superheater area 228 to 331 sq ft (21.2 to 30.8 m2)
Cylinders Three
Cylinder size 17 in × 26 in (432 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Walschaerts
Valve type Piston valves
Tractive effort 26,610 lbf (118.4 kN)
Career
Power class
  • LMS: 5XP
  • BR: 6P
Number(s)
  • LMS: 5552–5742
  • BR: 45552–45742
Axle load class BR: Route Availability 8
Withdrawn 1952 (1), 1960–1967
Disposition Four preserved, remainder scrapped
For the details of the two rebuilt locomotives, see LMS Rebuilt Jubilee Class

The London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) Jubilee Class is a class of steam locomotive designed for mainline passenger work. 191 locomotives were built between 1934 and 1936. They were built concurrently with the LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0.

History[edit]

The last five locomotives of Henry Fowler's Patriot class on order, 5552 to 5557, were built with William Stanier’s taper boiler and so became the first of the Jubilee class. 113 locomotives were ordered straight from the drawing board. They were initially a disappointment; their moderate degree of superheating often left them short of steam. Changes to the blastpipe and chimney dimensions helped to transform them.

On 29 April 1935 no. 5552, the first of the class, permanently swapped identities with no. 5642 which had been named Silver Jubilee on 19 April 1935 in recognition of the Silver Jubilee of King George V on 6 May of that year. This change gave the name to the rest of the class, see LMS Jubilee Class 5552 Silver Jubilee. Earlier on (from summer 1934), they had been known as the "Red Staniers" (because of the crimson livery), to distinguish them from the "Black Staniers" (the LMS Stanier Black Five class).[1]

They are often associated[by whom?] with the Midland Division, i.e. the lines inherited from the former Midland Railway. This is because until the late 1950s, it was rare for any 7P locomotives to work south of Leeds.[citation needed] Until then, Jubilees were the largest express engine normally found on the lines running out of St Pancras or radiating from Derby. They could nevertheless be found on main lines throughout the former LMS system.

The power classification was 5XP, in common with the earlier Patriot class.[2] In January 1951, the classification was revised to 6P; this was revised again to 6P5F in November 1955, but the latter change was not applied to the locomotives' cabsides, which continued to show 6P.[3] The two rebuilt locomotives (nos. 5735/6) were reclassified 6P in July 1943,[4] being revised to 7P in 1951.[5]

Construction[edit]

Although built over only a 3-year period the class had many variations due to improvements being made as they were built. The major differences were:

  • Boilers – 10 variations, mainly affecting the number of tubes. The earlier boilers were domeless but later boilers were domed. There were 2 sizes of fire grate area depending on whether the firebox throatplate was straight or sloping.
  • Bogies – Approximately 50 of the earlier locomotives were built with ex-Claughton bogies which had a 6’3” wheelbase compared to the later locomotives built with new bogies that had a wheelbase of 6’ 6”.
  • Smokebox Saddle – The first 113 locomotives were built with a 2 piece saddle, the rest had a conventional 1 piece saddle.
  • Tenders – 3 basic patterns were fitted; Fowler 3,500 gall. Fowler high-sided (10 off) and Stanier 4,000 gall. However, taking into account rivets, wheelbase, and welds this can be subdivided into a total of 8 patterns.

Withdrawal[edit]

One locomotive was scrapped in 1952 due to accident damage. The remaining locomotives were withdrawn between 1960 and 1967.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 21 January 1938, locomotive No. 5568 Western Australia was hauling an express passenger train which was in a head-on collision with an empty stock train at Oakley Junction due to a combination of driver and signalman's errors. Three people were killed and 46 were injured.[6]
  • On 11 October 1943 locomotive 5581 Bihar and Orissa hauling the Leeds - Edinburgh express collided with a freight train being shunted into sidings at Steeton, West Yorkshire. No one was killed but four people were injured.[7][8]
  • On 8 October 1952, an express passenger train overran signals and crashed into the rear of a local train at Harrow and Wealdstone station, Middlesex. Locomotive No. 45637 Windward Islands was one of two locomotives hauling an express passenger train which crashed into the wreckage. A total of 112 people were killed and 340 were injured. The locomotive was consequently scrapped due to damage sustained.
  • On 16 August 1953, locomotive No. 45699 Galatea was hauling a passenger train which became divided and was derailed at Kingsbury, Warwickshire due to a combination of defects on the locomotive and the condition of the track.[9]
  • On 20 July 1959, locomotive No. 45730 Ocean overran a signal and consequently crashed into Dock Junction Signal Box, London. Trains had to be handsignalled into and out of St Pancras station for several days afterwards.[10]

Details[edit]

Preservation[edit]

Four Jubilees have been preserved, (4)5593 Kolhapur, (4)5596 Bahamas, (4)5699 Galatea and (4)5690 Leander have all been worked in preservation. Parts were taken from sister engine 5562 Alberta before she was scrapped and most parts exist on Preserved sister engine Galatea.

Number 45699 'Galatea' required one new set of driving wheels after one of hers was cut up in Barry when she was derailed. She returned to the mainline in 2013 and is today working main line charters. Number 5690 'Leander' is nearing the end of a heavy overhaul and is due to return to traffic around Summer 2014 with a return to the mainline.

On 5 August 2013 it was announced that no. 45596 would be overhauled at Tyseley and running by end of 2016.[citation needed]

Number Name Livery Location Condition Notes Link to database
LMS BR
5593 45593 Kolhapur LMS Crimson Lake Tyseley Locomotive Works Awaiting overhaul
5596 45596 Bahamas N/A (Will be BR Green) Tyseley Locomotive Works Undergoing overhaul at Tyseley with planned completion in 2017. Double chimney
5690 45690 Leander BR Black West Coast Railway Company, Carnforth Running in and awaiting it's mainline test run
5699 45699 Galatea BR Crimson West Coast Railway Company, Carnforth Mainline operational

Gallery[edit]

Sound
info
help
5690 Leander at Boar's Head

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 23.
  2. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 5.
  3. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 38.
  4. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 46.
  5. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 47.
  6. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1989). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 5. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 26. ISBN 0-906899-35-4. 
  7. ^ Railways in the Northern Dales -1. The Skipton & Ilkley Line. Wyvern. p. 24. ISBN 0-907941-25-7. 
  8. ^ "Official photo from the Leeds Press Agency, 8 Oxford Row, Leeds 1.". https://www.flickr.com/photos/buzzer999/8190270857/in/photostream/. Leeds Press Agency. 
  9. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 31. ISBN 0-906899-37-0. 
  10. ^ Trevena, Arthur (1981). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 2. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 42. ISBN 0-906899 03 6. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]