LNER Class V1/V3
|LNER Classes V1 and V3|
V1 2-6-2T No. 67639 at Middlesbrough Locomotive Depot 1954
|Type and origin|
|Build date||V1: 1930–39
|Total produced||V1: 82
|UIC classification||1′C1 h3t|
|Trucks||Front: double swing link;
|3 ft 2 in (0.965 m)|
|Driver diameter||5 ft 8 in (1.727 m)|
|3 ft 8 in (1.118 m)|
|Wheelbase||32 ft 3 in (9.83 m)|
|Axle load||V1: 19.25 long tons (19,560 kg)
V3: 20.00 long tons (20,320 kg)
|Locomotive weight||V1: 57.05 long tons (57,970 kg)
V3: 58.10 long tons (59,030 kg)
|Fuel capacity||Original: 4 long tons (4,100 kg)
With hopper-type bunker: 4.5 long tons (4,600 kg)
|Water capacity||2,000 imp gal (9,100 l)|
|Boiler||5 ft (1.52 m) diameter; Diagram 102|
|Boiler pressure||V1: 180 psi (1.24 MPa)
V3: 200 psi (1.38 MPa)
|Firegrate area||22.08 sq ft (2.051 m2)|
|830 sq ft (77 m2)|
|– Flues||368 sq ft (34.2 m2)|
|– Firebox||127 sq ft (11.8 m2)|
|– Total||1,609 sq ft (149.5 m2)|
|Superheater area||284 sq ft (26.4 m2)|
|Cylinder size||16 in × 26 in (406 mm × 660 mm)|
|Valve gear||Outside: Walschaerts valve gear;
inside: Gresley derived motion
|Tractive effort||V1: 22,464 lbf (99.9 kN)
V3: 24,960 lbf (111.0 kN)
|Power class||BR: 4MT; V1 downgraded to 3MT in May 1953|
|Axle load class||V1: Route Availability 6
V3: Route Availability 7
The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) Class V1 and Class V3 were two classes of related 2-6-2T steam locomotive designed by Sir Nigel Gresley. A total of 82 V1s were built with 71 being rebuilt into the higher pressure V3s with an additional ten being built as V3s from the final batch of V1s. The V3 was a development of the V1 with increased boiler pressure and a resultant increase in tractive effort.
The development of large tank engines was somewhat delayed by problems on the Southern Railway following the Sevenoaks derailment thought to have been caused by the instability of the large K class 2-6-4 tanks. Gresley carried out stability tests on one of these locomotives and finding no trouble and without further delay produced his sophisticated VI class suburban tank in 1930. This incorporated his 3-cylinder system and was the first example of all three cylinders and valve chests being incorporated into a single steel casting; this arrangement was used for the P2 Cock o' the North and the subsequent V2, K4 and V4 types.
A total of 71 V1s were built at Doncaster from 1930.
They were first used in Scotland on the Glasgow-Edinburgh - Helensburgh services. One, no 2911, was also tried in 1931 with excellent results on the Hitchin-London trains before returning to Scotland.
Later development of the V3
From 1939, with working pressure increased to 200 psi gave higher power and better acceleration. A number of V1s were rebuilt to conform. French-style hopper type coal bunker were also fitted. By 1956 there were 57 V1 and 35 V3 types in service, many on Newcastle-Middlesbrough services.
The V1 and V3s were comparatively powerful engines suited to heavy and tightly-timed suburban workings. As such they saw service on suburban services around Glasgow and Edinburgh. Several were also maintained at Hull for hauling suburban and branch-line workings in the area.
Some of the class were displaced by newer and more powerful Thompson L1 class. Withdrawals began in 1960, with the V1s being disposed of by 1962 and the V3s by 1964, as diesel multiple units took over increasing numbers of suburban services, and branch line workings became fewer as lines closed or were dieselised.
None of either class survived into preservation.
Accidents and incidents
- On 8 September 1933, locomotive No. 2902 was hauling a passenger train that collided with wagons on the line at Bowling, West Dunbartonshire due to a signalman's error. Five people were injured.
Bachmann produce models of both the V1 and V3 in 00 gauge in LNER green, BR Apple green and BR lined black.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to LNER Class V1/V3.|
- Marsden, Richard. "The Gresley V1 and V3 2-6-2T Prairie Tank Locomotives". The LNER Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-04-08.
- Brown, F.A.S: Nigel Gresley, Locomotive Engineer (Ian Allan, London, UK, 1961), pp.107-108
- Brown, F.A.S: Nigel Gresley, Locomotive Engineer (Ian Allan, London, UK, 1961), pp.186-187
- Ian Allan ABC of British Railways Locomotives
- Hoole, Ken (1983). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 4. Truro: Atlantic Books. p. 19. ISBN 0-906899-07-9.