||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (July 2012)|
The Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) is a program administered by the US Army to provide contingency support to augment the Army force structure. The first three contracts (and all task orders under them) were awarded to a single bidder in each round of competition (KBR for the first and third contracts and DynCorp for the second contract). The fourth and current (as of 2013) contract was split between three companies (KBR, DynCorp, and Fluor Corporation) with each company having the opportunity to compete for task orders.
In 1985, LOGCAP was established primarily to preplan for contingencies and to leverage the existing civilian resources. However, it was not until three years later before it was first used. In support of a United States Third Army mission, the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) used LOGCAP to contract for the construction and maintenance of two petroleum pipelines systems in Southwest Asia.
The current task order contract concept of LOGCAP began in August 1992 when USACE awarded the first contract (LOGCAP I) to Brown and Root Services (now KBR) in August 1992 as a cost-plus-award-fee contract, which was used in December that year to support the United Nations forces in Somalia. This contract was also used to support forces in Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Hungary, Saudi Arabia, Haiti, Italy and Rwanda.
The LOGCAP contract was recompeted in late 1996, with Army Materiel Command (AMC) taking over management of the program from USACE (although USACE has retained the support requirements for the Balkans Peninsula continuously since that date). The second contract (LOGCAP II) was awarded to DynCorp in January 1997. From 1997 to 2001, DynCorp supported US forces in the Philippines, Guatemala, Colombia, Ecuador, East Timor, and Panama.
However, as a result of the criticisms leveled against KBR for contract performance, AMC ended the LOGCAP III contract in 2007. The current contract (LOGCAP IV) differed greatly from its three predecessors, in that multiple contracts were awarded (to KBR, DynCorp, and Fluor), whereupon the three could compete for future task orders.
|LOGCAP Contract Services|
|Direct Support/General Support (DS/GS) Operations||Field Services||Other Services|
|Class I (subsistence)
Class II (clothing and equipment)
Sister Service Organizations
Ensuring adequate support for his operational plans is the primary logistics consideration for each combatant commander. He needs war-fighters to support his plans and logisticians to support the war-fighters. It is each military service’s responsibility to provide this logistical support. As just discussed for the Army, it is LOGCAP. For the Air Force and Navy, it is respectively the Air Force Contract Augmentation Program (AFCAP) and Navy Global Contingency Construction Contract (GCCC) and Global Contingency Services Contract (GCSC).
- Department of the Army (1985), "Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP)", Army Regulation 700-137
- Department of the Army (2002), Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) Support Contract: STATEMENT OF WORK
- LeDoux, Karen E. (2005), "LOGCAP 101: An Operational Planner’s Guide.", Army Logistician., PB 700-05-03 (May – June): 24–29
- Long, Jonathon D. (2008), "ACC KU Means Full Spectrum Contract Support", Army AL&T., PB 70-08-03 (July – September): 34–37