HMS LST 3041

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LST 3041 entering harbour in Malta
LST 3041 entering harbour in Malta
Career
Name: LST 3041 (1944-48)
Empire Doric (1948-56)
LST 3041 (1956–60)
Owner: Royal Navy (1944-48)
Ministry of Transport (1948-60)
Operator: Royal Navy (1944–48)
Atlantic Steam Navigation Company (1948–56)
Royal Navy (1956–60)
Port of registry: United Kingdom Royal Navy (1944–48)
United Kingdom London, United Kingdom (1948–56)
United Kingdom Royal Navy (1956–60)
Route: PrestonLarne (1948–56)
Builder: Harland and Wolff, Govan
Yard number: 1297
Launched: 31 October 1944
Commissioned: 1944–48, 1956–60
Decommissioned: 1948–56
Fate: Scrapped 1960
General characteristics
Type: Landing Ship, Tank
Tonnage: 2,256 GRT
Displacement: 4,223 long tons (4,291 t)
Length: 345 ft (105 m)
Beam: 54 ft (16 m)
Draught: 12 ft 5 in (3.78 m)
Propulsion: Steam engine

LST 3041 was a Landing Ship, Tank that served in the Royal Navy at the end of World War II, before being converted to a commercial ferry. She was later requisitioned by the Navy during the Suez Crisis, and was scrapped in 1960.

Description[edit]

The ship was 345 feet (105 m) long, with a beam of 54 feet (16 m). She had a draught of 12 feet 5 inches (3.78 m).[1] She was assessed at 2,256 GRT.[2]

History[edit]

LST 3041 was built by Harland and Wolff, Govan. Yard number 1267,[1] she was launched on 31 October 1944.[3]

The crew joined her in Scotland and took part in shakedown trials in which they would run the ship ashore and use the stern anchor to pull themselves off.[citation needed]

World War II[edit]

In the summer of 1945, loaded with tanks, troops, and a troop landing craft, she sailed to the Suez Canal. After unloading there, she sailed through the Canal to take part in the invasion of Japan. She was also used to transport rice from Thailand to Singapore. It was during this period that she visited Bombay, where instead of having a tug pull her into the channel she won the tug-of-war and managed to capsize the tug.[citation needed]

After returning through the Suez she was refitted, and the rivets in the bottom of the hull that had been worn by repeated landings were replaced in drydock. She finally returned to England in 1947 via Malta and Gibraltar.[citation needed]

Commercial ferry[edit]

In 1948, she was chartered to F. Bustard & Sons, the Atlantic Steam Navigation Company and was renamed Empire Doric.[4] Her port of registry was London.[5] The LSTs became one of the forerunners of the modern roll on-roll off (RO-RO) car ferries. She was placed into service on the PrestonLarne route. ASN was nationalized under the British Transport Commission in 1954.[4]

Suez[edit]

During the Suez Crisis, the ship was requisitioned by the Royal Navy and renamed LST 3041.[4] She sailed to Port Said where she offloaded Centurion tanks, and where she struck a sunken vessel. As a result of this collision, she had to call in at Naples on the way home for repairs and was in drydock until early January 1957.[citation needed] She remained in use until 1960. LST 3041 arrived on 13 January 1960 at Glasgow for scrapping by Smith, Houston & Co Ltd, Port Glasgow.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Launched 1944: HMS LST 3041". Clydesite. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, 1946-1971". The Ships List. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  3. ^ Mitchell, W.H.; Sawyer, L.A. (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. p. not cited. ISBN 1-85044-275-4. 
  4. ^ a b c "The 'Empire' Class, the pioneer ships of Roll on / Roll off ferries.". The Maritime Steam Restoration Trust. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  5. ^ "Empire Doric - 03". Photoship. Retrieved 15 July 2011.