LSWR B4 class

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LSWR B4 Class
Normandy at work 1.jpg
Preserved Normandy on the Bluebell Railway.
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer William Adams
Builder LSWR Nine Elms
Build date 1891 (10), 1893 (10), 1908 (5)
Total produced 25
Specifications
Configuration 0-4-0T
UIC classification Bn
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 45.75 in (1.162 m)
Length 24 ft 10½ in
Height 12 ft (3.66 m)
Locomotive weight 32.9 long tons (33.4 t)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 0.5 long tons (510 kg)
Water capacity 600 imp gal (2,700 l)
Boiler pressure 140 psi (0.97 MPa)
Firegrate area 10.75 sq ft (0.999 m2)
Cylinders Two (outside)
Cylinder size 16×22 in (406×559 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 14,650 lbf (65.17 kN)
Career
Operator(s) London and South Western Railway
Southern Railway
British Railways
Class LSWR: B4
SR: B4
BR: 0F, later 1F
Retired 1948–1959
Preserved Normandy on the Bluebell Railway.

The London and South Western Railway B4 class is a class of 0-4-0T dock tank.

The London and South Western Railway's built twenty to a design by their Locomotive Superintendent William Adams at its Nine Elms Works during the 1891–1893 period. They were designed for shunting in locations with sharp curvature, and were used in places such as Southampton Docks (which the LSWR purchased in November 1892), the Poole Quay Line, and the Hamworthy Freight Branch.

Adams' successor, Dugald Drummond, designed and built a similar class of five in 1905, designating them the K14 class. However Drummond's successor considered them so similar, that they were merged in to the B4 class.

Order Year Quantity LSWR numbers Notes
B4
1891
10
85–94
D6
1893
10
81, 95–100, 102, 103, 176
K14
1908
5
82–84, 746, 747 746/747 renumbered 101/147 in 1922

Many locomotives were used by Southampton Docks, who had a tradition of giving their locomotives names rather than numbers. Consequently, twelve locomotives received names while in dock service:

LSWR No. Name
85 Alderney
81 Jersey
86 Havre
89 Trouville
90 Caen
93 St Malo
95 Honfleur
96 Normandy
97 Brittany
98 Cherbourg
102 Granville
176 Guernsey

Preservation[edit]

Two survive: no. 96 (BR no. 30096) Normandy is at the end of its boiler certificate and is on static display awaiting overhaul at the Bluebell Railway in Sussex, while no. 102 (BR no. 30102) Granville is on display at the Bressingham Steam Museum near Diss, Norfolk

External links[edit]