LaDue Reservoir

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LaDue Reservoir
LaDue Reservoir from USGS.png
USGS Map of LaDue Reservoir
LaDue Reservoir is located in Ohio
LaDue Reservoir
LaDue Reservoir
Location of LaDue Reservoir in Ohio
Location Auburn Twp and Troy Township, Geauga County, Ohio
Coordinates 41°23′19″N 81°11′50″W / 41.38861°N 81.19722°W / 41.38861; -81.19722Coordinates: 41°23′19″N 81°11′50″W / 41.38861°N 81.19722°W / 41.38861; -81.19722[1]
Type reservoir
Primary inflows Bridge Creek and Black Brook
Primary outflows Bridge Creek and Black Brook
Catchment area 42 sq mi (110 km2)
Basin countries United States
Max. length 5.5 mi (8.9 km)
Max. width .15 mi (0.24 km) to .8 mi (1.3 km)
Surface area 1,477 acres (5.98 km2)
Max. depth 21 ft (6.4 m)
Water volume 18,100 acre feet[2]
Shore length1 24.3 mi (39.1 km)
Surface elevation 1,127 ft (344 m)
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

LaDue Reservoir is a reservoir located near Ohio State Route 44 and U.S. Route 422 in Auburn and Troy Townships in Geauga County, Ohio. The reservoir was originally called the “Akron City Reservoir” before it was renamed for Wendell R. LaDue. The Geographic Names Information System recognized four variants names, including Akron City Reservoir, Bridge Creek Reservoir, Ladue Reservoir, and Wendell R. Ladue Reservoir.[1]

The lake is formed by the Bridge Creek Dam 41°24′16″N 81°11′2″W / 41.40444°N 81.18389°W / 41.40444; -81.18389 (Bridge Creek Dam)[3] across Bridge Creek[4] and the Black Brook Dike 41°21′4″N 81°12′36″W / 41.35111°N 81.21000°W / 41.35111; -81.21000 (Black Brook Dike)[5] across Black Brook,[6] both tributaries of the Cuyahoga River.

The reservoir was created in an area that was covered with ice during the Wisconsinan glaciation and contains numerous glacial sand and gravel deposits (kames) and glacial ponds (kettles). The lake bottom retains the same irregularities found before it was dammed.[7]

Purpose[edit]

The reservoir and surrounding land is owned by the City of Akron, Ohio and is operated by the Public Utilities Bureau Watershed Management.[8]

The reservoir is one of three reservoirs that make up the City of Akron water supply, including LaDue Reservoir, East Branch Reservoir in Claridon Township, Geauga County, Ohio, and Lake Rockwell in Franklin Township, Portage County, Ohio.[9] The main purposes of these reservoirs are to provide flood control to downstream areas, replenish the river’s flow during dry periods, and maintain an ample supply of available drinking water for Akron.[9]

Because Lake Rockwell is the main drinking water supply for the City of Akron, it is highly protected with no trespassing, fishing, or recreation permitted.[9] However, both East Branch Reservoir and LaDue Reservoir are open to fishing, boating, and hunting. However, Ohio Revised Code has special fishing regulations for LaDue Reservoir that do not allow gasoline motors on any watercraft, limit the size of electric motors, and restrict shorelines fishing to the right-of-ways along Ohio State Route 44, U.S. Route 422, and Auburn Roads.[10]

Wendell R. LaDue[edit]

According to City of Akron historians, Wendell Richard LaDue was born in Mount Pleasant, Ohio in 1894.[11] During World War I, LaDue served with the U.S. Navy Bureau of Construction and Repair, which prompted him to pursue an engineering degree at the University of Southern California.[11] LaDue was hired as a draftsman for the Akron Water Department in 1925, became a professional engineer, registered surveyor, and was promoted to the department manager in 1933.[11]

While serving as its manager, LaDue developed a watershed plan to insure adequate clean water supply. The plan included purchasing property along the Cuyahoga River and building a series of reservoirs.[11] In 1932, the City of Akron began purchasing property along the Cuyahoga River in Geauga County and removing homes and farms to protect the watershed.[12] LaDue oversaw the construction of the 695 acres (2.81 km2) Rockwell Lake, the 395 acres (1.60 km2) East Branch in 1938, and the 1,477 acres (5.98 km2) Akron City Reservoir, now called LaDue Reservoir, in 1961.[11] The capacity of the three reservoirs is 10,500,000,000 US gallons (40 gigalitres).

In 1939, LaDue oversaw the construction of the 24 ft (7.3 m) deep, 1,104 acres (4.47 km2) Mogadore Reservoir, in Portage County, Ohio to protect the Little Cuyahoga River Valley. While the reservoir is owned by the City of Akron, it is not part of the Akron City Water supply.[13] The reservoir is used for recreational purposes.

In 1947, LaDue founded the Akron-Canton Section of the American Society of Civil Engineers. In honor of his contributions, the Wendell R. LaDue Civil Engineer Award is awarded each year by the ASCE to a member who has promoted professionalism and the advancement of the civil engineering profession.[14] In 1946 and 1947, LaDue was the president of the American Water Works Association, non-profit professional organization dedicated to the improvement of water quality and supply. Since 2003, several Wendell R. LaDue Utility Safety Awards are presented by the AWWA to recognize distinguished water utility safety programs.[15]

LaDue retired from the City of Akron in 1963, and began teaching at the University of Akron where he was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Engineering Degree.[11] LaDue died in 1985. LaDue’s archive of his papers and work are housed at the University of Akron library's Regional History Collections.

Dams[edit]

Bridge Creek Dam[edit]

The Bridge Creek Dam 41°24′16″N 81°11′2″W / 41.40444°N 81.18389°W / 41.40444; -81.18389 (Bridge Creek Dam),[3] also known as the LaDue Dam, is a rolled earth fill with impervious core, maximum height 35 ft, top length 3200 ft, top width 40 ft, base width about 120 ft and length 4500 ft. Spillway: Uncontrolled concrete lined saddle spillway that is 200 ft at the top and 250 ft near at the base. The drop is about 30 ft. The Bridge Creek Dam is a restricted zone with “No Trespassing Zone” signs on land and has marker buoys in the water.[8]

Black Brook Dike and dam[edit]

The Black Brook Dike is 100 ft wide and nearly 1.0 mi (1.6 km) long. It is located at the southern tip of the reservoir near the intersection of Bartholomew Road and Ohio State Route 44.[16]

The Black Brook Dam 41°21′4″N 81°12′36″W / 41.35111°N 81.21000°W / 41.35111; -81.21000 (Black Brook Dike)[5] is a rolled earth fill with impervious core, maximum height 20 ft, top length 325 ft, top width 30 ft, base width about 100 ft and length 1100 ft. It is located near the intersection of Crackel Road and Ohio State Route 44, about 1,500 ft (460 m) feet north of the Geauga-Portage County border.[17] It uses a 6 ft concrete drainage ditch to evacuate water. The Black Brook Dike and Dam are restricted zones with “No Trespassing Zone” signs posted on land and marker buoys in the water.[8]

Recreation[edit]

The LaDue Reservoir wildlife area includes 8,791 acres (3,558 ha) that protects the watershed of the east branch of the Cuyahoga River from the East Branch Reservoir at Headwaters Park in East Claridon, Ohio to Ohio State Route 82 in Mantua Township, Portage County, Ohio.[7]

For many years, the City of Akron managed recreation activities at its reservoirs. Since 2002, the Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Wildlife has managed the LaDue Public Hunting Area for the City of Akron, which includes hunting, trapping, boating, and fishing. The wildlife area includes diverse wildlife, including white-tailed deer, wild turkey, squirrel, rabbit, and woodchuck. Waterfowl include migrating mallards, wood duck, and Canada geese. LaDue Reservoir contains sport fish including walleye, largemouth bass, bluegill, yellow perch, white and black crappie, and channel catfish.[7]

Boating and fishing[edit]

Ohio Revised Code Chapter 1501:31-13 designates special fishing regulations for LaDue Reservoir that restrict watercraft to electric motors only and restrict shorelines fishing to the right-of-ways along Ohio State Route 44, U.S. Route 422, and Auburn Roads.[10] Fishing in Ohio requires a valid Ohio Fishing License and is subject to Ohio fishing regulations. No gasoline engines can be used on LaDue Reservoir.

ODNR Division of Wildlife maintains a gravel boat ramp with portable toilets near the intersection of East Washington Street and Valley Road.[18] There is also an unimproved boat ramp at the south end of the reservoir where Ohio State Route 44 crosses the reservoir. Boats are limited to electric motors only.

Hunting and trapping[edit]

Waterfowl hunting on LaDue Reservoir is limited to designated areas only and limited to hunters selected in an annual drawing held by the ODNR Division of Wildlife.[7] Hunting in Ohio is subject to hunting regulations.

Furbearer trapping is permitted throughout the area, however, it too requires a permit to trap beaver or river otter and is limited to trappers selected in an annual drawing by the Division of Wildlife.[7] Trapping in Ohio is subject to trapping regulations.

Environmental conditions[edit]

In 2010, excessive heat contributed to concerns for harmful algal blooms in many inland lakes in NE Ohio, including LaDue Reservoir. A harmful algal bloom occurs when naturally-occurring blue-green algae, or cyanobacteria, produce neurotoxins, which affect the nervous system, and hepatotoxins, which affect the liver.[19] It is now monitored by the Ohio Department of Health.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Names Information System entry for LaDue Reservoir". Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  2. ^ "State of Ohio Ecological Assessment Unit". Biological and Water Quality Study of the Cuyahoga River and Selected Tributaries: Volume 1 Geauga, Portage, Summit, and Cuyahoga Counties (Ohio). Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  3. ^ a b Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Bridge Creek Dam (Feature ID #1078935)". Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  4. ^ Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Bridge Creek (Feature ID #1066093)". Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  5. ^ a b Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Black Brook Dike (Feature ID # 1038070)". Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  6. ^ Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Black Brook (Feature ID #1066584)". Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "LaDue Public Hunting Area: Publication 316". Division of Wildlife. Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  8. ^ a b c "LaDue Public Hunting Area". Wildlife Area Maps. Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  9. ^ a b c "Reservoirs". Watershed Management. City of Akron: Public Utilities. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  10. ^ a b "Ohio Laws and Rules". Chapter 1501:31-13 Sport Fishing. State of Ohio. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f Bronowski, Jeff. "The History of Akron Water Supply". City of Akron. Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  12. ^ "Headwaters Park". Geauga Park District. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  13. ^ "Fishing Maps". Mogadore Reservoir. Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2001-09-11. 
  14. ^ "Akron-Canton Section History". American Society of Civil Engineers. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  15. ^ "Wendell LaDue Utility Safety Award". American Water Works Association. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  16. ^ "LaDue Reservoir". Access Geauga. Geauga County Auditor. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  17. ^ "Access Geauga". Black Brook Dam. Geauga County Auditor. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  18. ^ "Fishing Maps". LaDue Reservoir Fishing Map. Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2001-09-11. 
  19. ^ "HAB Historical Data". Algal blooms. Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 

External links[edit]