A statue of the Marquis de La Fayette stands atop a fountain in LaGrange's LaFayette Square.
Location in Troup County and the state of Georgia
|• Mayor||Jim Thornton|
|• Total||29.5 sq mi (76.5 km2)|
|• Land||29.0 sq mi (75.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|Elevation||781 ft (238 m)|
|• Density||1,940/sq mi (748.9/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||30240, 30241, 30261|
|GNIS feature ID||0316522|
LaGrange is a city and county seat of Troup County, Georgia, United States. The population of the city is 30,478 according to the 2012 census estimate.  (The population was 29,588 at the 2010 United States Census.) It is the principal city of and is included in the LaGrange, Georgia Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, Georgia-Alabama (part) Combined Statistical Area.
The settlement of LaGrange began in the early 19th century soon after the territory was ceded by the Creek Indians and the subsequent establishment of Troup County, Georgia. The City was incorporated in December 1828. During the American Civil War, LaGrange was defended by a volunteer women's auxiliary group known as the Nancy Harts. After the Confederate defeat in nearby West Point, Georgia, the Federal troops, led by Colonel Oscar LaGrange, marched north to LaGrange, with Confederate prisoners near the front of the column. The Nancy Harts formed and negotiated a surrender.
Although local assets were burned and looted by Union troops, Colonel LaGrange spared the homes of LaGrange, including Bellevue, the home of Senator Benjamin Harvey Hill. This may have been a returned favor. Colonel LaGrange had previously been under Confederate medical care for wounds received and had been cared for by the niece of Senator Hill. After his care, LaGrange was later exchanged for a Confederate prisoner and returned to duty. This became an opportunity to return the kindness he had been shown.
To show their gratitude for sparing their homes, one of the Nancy Harts hosted a dinner for Colonel LaGrange, and the Colonel paroled some local prisoners so that they could attend. Many women of the town cooked all night to provide the meal. The next morning the Federal troops marched out taking various men of LaGrange as prisoners of war. They were soon freed when it was learned of Robert E. Lee's previous surrender.
LaGrange developed as a railroad center and as an industrial center for the textile industry which was established and grew from the late 19th century and peaked in the mid-20th century. A 1935 textile strike at Callaway Mills resulted in martial law in LaGrange, and Georgia National Guardsmen killed at least one striker while evicting families from mill-owned homes. The city was fortunate that as the textile industry declined it was replaced with a diverse mixture of new industry which provided strong employment for a number of years until it too began to decline and move out of the country. The construction beginning in 2006 of a Kia Motors assembly plant in Troup County along with its satellite industries is expected to reverse the falling manufacturing trends.
LaGrange maintained its position as a transportation hub with the completion of Interstates 85 and 185 which pass through the city. This location has benefitted the city development by providing industrial and commercial access for businesses, such as a Wal-Mart Distribution Center.
At the 2009 census, there were 28,201 people, 10,022 households, and 6,504 families residing in the city. The population density was 897.8 per square mile (346.6/km²). There were 11,000 housing units at an average density of 379.9 per square mile (146.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.8% White, 39.6% African American, 0.18% Native American, 4.9% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 1.23% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.44% of the population.
There were 10,022 households, of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.12.
Age distribution was 28.4% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 85.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.
The median household income was $29,719, and the median family income was $36,438. Males had a median income of $29,082 versus $21,790 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,640. About 18.2% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.9% of those under age 18 and 18.4% of those age 65 or over.
Troup County School District
The Troup County School System holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, that consists of fifteen elementary schools, three middle schools (Callaway Middle School, Gardner Newman Middle School, and Long Cane Middle School) and three high schools (Callaway High School, LaGrange High School,and Troup County Comprehensive High School. The County is divided into three school zones. The Troup County School System serves Hogansville, LaGrange, and West Point. It is home to over twenty new/recently renovated schools.
- LaGrange Academy
- Dawson Street Academy
- Lafayette Christian
- Sound Doctrine Christian Academy
- Oak Grove Christian Academy
The LaGrange-Callaway Airport is located SW of the city of LaGrange.
- Hammett L. Bowen, Jr., Recipient of the Medal of Honor
- Fuller Earle Callaway (1870–1928), textile magnate
- Mike Cameron, Major League Baseball player
- Tom Jarriel, ABC news correspondent, was born in LaGrange in 1934.
- Elijah Kelley, actor
- Wynona Lipman (1923–1999), first African-American woman elected to the New Jersey Senate.
- Andy "Bubba Sparxxx" Mathis, rapper
- Fred Newman, actor
- James M. Sprayberry, Recipient of the Medal of Honor
- Wesley Woodyard, National Football League player
- Louis Tompkins Wright, (1891–1952), physician, a graduate of Harvard Medical School, the first African-American physician to be appointed to the staff of a New York City municipal hospital; notable for many scientific breakthroughs, including the introduction of intradermal smallpox vaccination.
Troup County Government Center in LaGrange
Built in 1939, the old Troup County Courthouse is still in use today as the Juvenile Courthouse. The jail behind it was torn down in 2001 when the Troup County Government Center was built. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 8, 1995.
Senator Benjamin Harvey Hill's LaGrange home, Bellevue, was built in 1854-55 in the Greek Revival plantation style. The home was acquired by the Fuller E. Callaway Foundation and donated to the LaGrange Woman's Club in the 1950s. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 7, 1972 and designated as a National Historic Landmark on November 7, 1973.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Smith, Scott (2011). Legacy: The Secret History of Proto-Fascism in America's Greatest Little City.
- LaGrange's Sister City Program, Retrieved June 26, 2010.
- Gary N. Mock, "Fuller E. Callaway, LaGrange, GA," textilehistory.org/, 2009.
- Official website
- LaGrange - Troup County Chamber of Commerce
- Nancy Harts at Battle of West Point website
- "Legacy: The Secret History of Proto-Fascism in America's Greatest Little City"