La Barben

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La Barben
The Château of La Barben
The Château of La Barben
Coat of arms of La Barben
Coat of arms
La Barben is located in France
La Barben
La Barben
Coordinates: 43°37′51″N 5°10′38″E / 43.6308°N 5.1772°E / 43.6308; 5.1772Coordinates: 43°37′51″N 5°10′38″E / 43.6308°N 5.1772°E / 43.6308; 5.1772
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Aix-en-Provence
Canton Pélissanne
Intercommunality Salon-Étang de Berre-Durance
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Christophe Amalric
Area1 22.85 km2 (8.82 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 684
 • Density 30/km2 (78/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13009 / 13330
Elevation 87–204 m (285–669 ft)
(avg. 114 m or 374 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

La Barben is a French commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barbenais or Barbenaises.[1]

The town is perhaps best known for its castle and its zoo.[2]

Geography[edit]

La Barben is located some 18 km north-west of Aix-en-Provence and 5 km east of Salon-de-Provence. Access to the commune is by the D572 road from Salon-de-Provence which passes through the centre of the commune and continues east to Saint-Cannat. The D17 from Pélissanne to Éguilles forms the south-western border of the commune. The D67E from Lambesc to Coudoux forms the south-eastern border of the commune. The D22A comes from Pelissane and passes through the village continuing as the D22 to join the D572 in the centre of the commune next to the zoo.[3]

The commune is served by routes 9 and 14 of the Libébus network.[4]

The Touloubre river flows through the centre of the commune from the east and continues west to join the Mediterranean sea south of Saint-Chamas. The Vallat de Boulery forms the northern border of the commune as it flows west to join the Touloubre at the village. The Canal de Marseille comes from the south and passes through the centre of the commune continuing north-east.[3]

Climate[edit]

Town Sunshine

(hours/yr)
Rain

(mm/yr)
Snow

(days/yr)
Storm

(days/yr)
Fog

(days/yr)
National Average 1,973 770 14 22 40
La Barben[6] - 580 2 20 8
Paris 1,661 637 12 18 10
Nice 2,724 767 1 29 1
Strasbourg 1,693 665 29 29 56
Brest 1,605 1,211 7 12 75

Weather Data for La Barben

Climate data for Salon-de-Provence
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11.0
(51.8)
12.4
(54.3)
15.7
(60.3)
18.4
(65.1)
22.8
(73)
26.9
(80.4)
30.2
(86.4)
29.7
(85.5)
25.3
(77.5)
20.6
(69.1)
14.6
(58.3)
11.4
(52.5)
19.9
(67.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
7.0
(44.6)
9.9
(49.8)
12.6
(54.7)
16.7
(62.1)
20.6
(69.1)
23.6
(74.5)
23.3
(73.9)
19.4
(66.9)
15.4
(59.7)
10.0
(50)
6.8
(44.2)
14.3
(57.7)
Average low °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
1.6
(34.9)
4.1
(39.4)
6.8
(44.2)
10.6
(51.1)
14.3
(57.7)
17.0
(62.6)
16.8
(62.2)
13.5
(56.3)
10.2
(50.4)
5.3
(41.5)
2.2
(36)
8.6
(47.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 50.9
(2.004)
34.7
(1.366)
35.7
(1.406)
58.3
(2.295)
48.9
(1.925)
26.3
(1.035)
10.6
(0.417)
33.7
(1.327)
78.2
(3.079)
84.9
(3.343)
67.0
(2.638)
50.7
(1.996)
579.9
(22.831)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 5.1 4.8 4.5 6.3 5.2 3.2 1.5 2.9 4.8 6.5 6.2 5.5 56.5
Source: Meteorological data for Salon-de-Provence - 59m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

History[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

The death of Queen Joanna I of Naples created a succession crisis for the County of Provence with the cities of the Union of Aix (1382-1387) supporting Charles III of Naples against Louis I, Duke of Anjou. The King of France, Charles VI, intervened and sent the Seneschal of Beaucaire, Enguerrand d'Eudin, who conquered La Barben in the summer of 1383. When Louis I died and his widow, Marie of Blois, Duchess of Anjou, arrived in Provence to defend the rights of her son, Louis II of Naples, she claimed that the seneschal gave her the city which she refused on the instruction of the King of France.[7]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of La Barben
The official status of the arms remains to be determined

Blazon:
Party per pale, first Gules, an arched bridge Vert masoned in Sable; second Or, a chevron Azure between three leopard's heads of Sable erased affrontant tongued in Gules.

N.B. These arms do not respect the Rule of tincture and are therefore faulty.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[8]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2006 Alain Ruault
2006 2008 Jean-Luc Vasserot-Merle
2008 2020 Christophe Amalric

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 684 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
316 496 383 385 330 304 325 359 348
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
324 316 329 294 310 306 311 275 269
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
283 282 231 212 192 192 196 207 224
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
259 315 350 420 500 555 649 684 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of La Barben

Culture and heritage[edit]

The Chateau de la Barben
At the zoo

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Laundry at La Blancherie (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • A Chateau Garden on the D22 (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A Bridge over the Canal de Marseille on RN572 (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • A Montjoie[Note 2] at La BaouLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • The fortified Chateau de la Barben (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • A Farmhouse at La Baou (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • The Clos Farmhouse at Sufferchoix (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • A Farmhouse at Val d'Estable (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
Other sites of interest
Zoo Picture Gallery

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Parish Church of Saint-SauveurLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17] The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • 2 Chairs (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18]
    • A Statue: Virgin and child (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19]
    • A framed Painting: the Transfiguration (1632)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • A Painting: Saint Jerome (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
  • The Benedictine Church of Saint-Sauveur (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]
  • The Benedictine Convent of Saint-Victor-de-Danes at Le Mounestier (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[23]
  • A Monumental Cross at Val d'Estable (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]
  • A Monumental Cross at La Beaumé de Matelas (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ A Stone or pile of stones used to mark a migratory trail, a pilgrimage route, the limit of a territory, or to commemorate a battle

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Bouches-du-Rhône (French)
  2. ^ Official website for the zoo
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ La Barben on the Libébus website (French)
  5. ^ Paris, Nice, Strasbourg, Brest
  6. ^ Data from the Station at Salon-de-Provence, sources:Salon-de-Provence
  7. ^ Geneviève Xhayet, Supporters and adversaries of Louis d'Anjou during the war of the Union of Aix, Historical Provence, Fédération historique de Provence, Vol. 40, No. 162, "Autour de la guerre de l'Union d'Aix", 1990, p. 407 and 413 (note 61). (French)
  8. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000215 Laundry (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13001029 Chateau Garden (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000211 Bridge over the Canal de Marseille (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000441 Montjoie (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00081199 IA13000219 Chateau de la Barben (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000217 Farmhouse at La Baou (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000214 Clos Farmhouse at Sufferchoix (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000213 Farmhouse at Val d'Estable (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00125709 Parish Church of Saint-Sauveur (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001966 2 Chairs (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001965 Statue: Virgin and child (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001356 Framed Painting: the Transfiguration (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001355 Painting: Saint Jerome (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000218 Benedictine Church of Saint-Sauveur (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000216 Benedictine Convent of Saint-Victor-de-Danes at Le Mounestier (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000212 Monumental Cross at Val d'Estable (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000210 Monumental Cross at La Beaumé de Matelas (French)