La Bisbal d'Empordà
|La Bisbal d'Empordà|
|— Municipality —|
|• Mayor||Lluís Sais Puigdemont|
|• Total||20.70 km2 (7.99 sq mi)|
|Elevation||39 m (128 ft)|
|• Density||500/km2 ( 1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
La Bisbal d'Empordà is the capital of the comarca of the Baix Empordà in Catalonia, Spain. The town is 29 km south east of Girona, 12 km west of Palafrugell and 19 km north west of Palamós. The town lies on the C-66 road between Girona and Palafrugell/Palamós where it becomes the C-31. The GI-660 to Calonge and Sant Feliu de Guíxols and GI-664 to Cassà de la Selva cross the Gavarres mountains. The municipality lies on the northern edge of the Gavarres mountains and on the banks of the Darò river a tributary of the River Ter.
The town's name is derived from the Catalan bisbe, meaning "bishop", as the town was under the control of the bishops of Girona from the Carolingian period. It is constructed on the site of the Roman settlement of Fontanetum, and is sometimes referred to as Fontanet in Old Catalan. The Spanish name of La Bisbal del Ampurdán is no longer in official use.
The current settlement can be dated at least to the consecration of the church of Santa Maria de la Bisbal in 901 (the current baroque building dates from the 17th century). The fortified episcopal palace, partially in Romanesque style, occupies a large part of the historic town centre.
The town became home to a substantial number of French immigrants after the French Revolution of 1789. The town saw several battles during the Napoleonic Wars (Peninsular War). In the Battle of La Bisbal, Spanish General Henry O'Donnell crushed the French forces of General François Xavier de Schwarz on 14 September 1810. The town was briefly occupied by Carlist forces in 1874 during the Third Carlist War.
The town is one of the traditional centres of the Sardana dance.
- Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).
- Enciclopèdia catalana bàsica (Edn. El Periódico), Barcelona, 1996.