La Borinqueña

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This article is about the anthem. For the Roselyn Sanchez album, see Borinqueña (album).
La Borinqueña
English: The Borinqueña
Bandera PR.JPG

Commonwealth anthem of  Puerto Rico
Lyrics Manuel Fernández Juncos, 1901
Music Félix Astol Artés, 1867
Adopted Music: 1952, Lyrics: 1977
Music sample

La Borinqueña is the national anthem[1] of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. After Puerto Rico became the "The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico" in 1952,[2] the first elected governor, Luis Muñoz Marín, signed law #2 of July 24, 1952 that stated that the musical composition known as "La Borinqueña" was to become the official anthem of Puerto Rico. The words that go with the composition were approved by governor Carlos Romero Barceló on July 27, 1977, law #123.[3] The title refers to the aboriginal Taíno name for the island of Puerto Rico, Borinkén or Borinquén

The music was originally credited to Félix Astol Artés in 1867 as an habanera danza, with romantic lyrics, but there is some evidence that Francisco Ramírez, a native of San Germán, wrote the music[3] in 1860, and named it "La Almojábana".[4] In 1868, Lola Rodríguez de Tió wrote a poem in support of the Puerto Rican revolution, which was set to the Ramirez/Astol Artés music. In fear of investigation by the Spanish insular government, Ramirez, asked Astól to claim authorship of the music since he was a native of Catalonia and would therefore raise no suspicion.[3]

After the cession of the island to the United States, the popular revolutionary lyrics of Lola Rodríguez de Tió were deemed too subversive for official adoption; therefore, a non-confrontational set of lyrics were written in 1903 by Asturias-born Manuel Fernández Juncos. The tune was officially adopted as the Commonwealth's anthem in 1952 by governor Luis Muñoz Marín, and the words were officially adopted in 1977 by governor Carlos Romero Barceló.

The official version is played as a slow march, without the original tune's initial paseo. Per the request of the new government, Ramón Collado rearranged the music in 1952 into a more military tune. Luis Miranda, the musical director of Puerto Rico's 65th Infantry Regiment Band, adapted the tune to be played as a march in 1922. The 1977 law that adopted the words as an anthem merely stated that the anthem be played as a march, the tempo vaguely described as being in a "martial manner", but established no official arrangement for the music. An official revision made in 2003 leaves the tune as a march.

In 2012, Dr. Yajaira Sierra Sastre, an aspiring astronaut, collaborated in a variety of projects with the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network and the Cornell Nanoscale Facility, which included writing the smallest national anthem ever written, La Borinqueña Más Pequeña [5]

Official Anthem of Puerto Rico[edit]

Manuel Fernandez Juncos
External audio
You may listen to Graciela Rivera's interpretation of Fernández Juncos' version of the "La Borinqueña" here.

(words by Manuel Fernández Juncos, 1903)

La tierra de Borinquen
donde he nacido yo
es un jardín florido
de mágico primor.
Un cielo siempre nítido
le sirve de dosel.
Y dan arrullos plácidos
las olas a sus pies.
Cuando a sus playas llegó Colón;
exclamó lleno de admiración:
"¡Oh! ¡Oh! ¡Oh!
Esta es la linda tierra
que busco yo."
Es Borinquen la hija,
la hija del mar y el sol,
Del mar y el sol,
Del mar y el sol,
Del mar y el sol,
Del mar y el sol.
The land of Borinquen
where I was born
is a flowery garden
of magical beauty.
A constantly clear sky
serves as its canopy.
And placid lullabies are sung
by the waves at its feet.
When at her beaches Columbus arrived;
full of awe he exclaimed:
"Oh! Oh! Oh! This is the lovely land
that I seek."
Borinquen is the daughter,
the daughter of the sea and the sun.
Of the sea and the sun,
Of the sea and the sun,
Of the sea and the sun,
Of the sea and the sun.

Original 1868 revolutionary version by Lola Rodríguez de Tió[edit]

Lola Rodríguez de Tió
External audio
You may listen to Rodríguez de Tió's version of the "La Borinqueña" interpreted by Puerto Rican singer Danny Rivera here.
¡Despierta, borinqueño
que han dado la señal!
¡Despierta de ese sueño
que es hora de luchar!
A ese llamar patriótico
¿no arde tu corazón?
¡Ven! Nos será simpático
el ruido del cañón.
Mira, ya el cubano
libre será;
le dará el machete
su libertad...
le dará el machete
su libertad.
Ya el tambor guerrero
dice en su son,
que es la manigua el sitio,
el sitio de la reunión,
de la reunión...
de la reunión.
El Grito de Lares
se ha de repetir,
y entonces sabremos
vencer o morir.
Bellísima Borinquén,
a Cuba hay que seguir;
tú tienes bravos hijos
que quieren combatir.
ya por más tiempo impávido
no podemos estar,
ya no queremos, tímidos
dejarnos subyugar.
Nosotros queremos
ser libre ya,
y nuestro machete
afilado está.
y nuestro machete
afilado está.
¿Por qué, entonces, nosotros
hemos de estar,
tan dormidos y sordos
y sordos a esa señal?
a esa señal, a esa señal?
No hay que temer, riqueños
al ruido del cañón,
que salvar a la patria
es deber del corazón!
ya no queremos déspotas,
caiga el tirano ya,
las mujeres indómitas
también sabrán luchar.
Nosotros queremos
la libertad,
y nuestros machetes
nos la darán...
y nuestro machete
nos la dará...
Vámonos, borinqueños,
vámonos ya,
que nos espera ansiosa,
ansiosa la libertad.
¡La libertad, la libertad!
Arise, boricua!
The call to arms has sounded!
Awake from the slumber,
it is time to fight!
Doesn't this patriotic
call set your heart alight?
Come! We are in tune with
the roar of the cannon.
Come, the Cuban will
soon be free;
the machete will give him
his liberty,
the machete will give him
his liberty.
Now the war drum
says with its sound,
that the countryside is the
place of the meeting.
The Cry of Lares
must be repeated,
and then we will know:
victory or death.
Beautiful Borinquén
must follow Cuba;
you have brave sons
who wish to fight.
Now, no longer can
we be unmoved;
now we do not want timidly
to let them subjugate us.
We want to be free now,
and our machete
has been sharpened.
Why then have we been
so sleepy and
deaf to the call?
There is no need to fear,
Ricans, the roar of the cannon;
saving the nation is
the duty of the heart.
We no longer want despots,
tyranny shall fall now;
the unconquerable women also will
know how to fight.
We want liberty,
and our machetes
will give it to us.
Come, Boricuas, come now,
since freedom
awaits us anxiously,
freedom, freedom!
We want Freedom,
And our machetes
Give us ...
And our machete
We will give ...
Come on, Borinquen,
Let's go,
We wait anxiously,
Anxious freedom.
Freedom, freedom!

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ray Quintanilla. "From rebel to peacemaker." The Chicago Tribune. 9 January 2006
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b c La Fortaleza, Simbolos Patrios: Himno de Puerto Rico. Retrieved: February 23, 2008.
  4. ^ Notas de la danza: La Borinqueña
  5. ^ "La Borinqueña’ más pequeña"; El Nuevo Dia

External links[edit]