La Campana National Park

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La Campana National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Jubaea chilensis (scott.zona) 001.jpg
Location Valparaíso Region, Chile
Nearest city Olmué
Coordinates 32°55′00″S 71°09′00″W / 32.91667°S 71.15000°W / -32.91667; -71.15000Coordinates: 32°55′00″S 71°09′00″W / 32.91667°S 71.15000°W / -32.91667; -71.15000
Area 80 km²
Established 1967
Visitors 52,389[1] (in 2012)
Governing body Corporación Nacional Forestal
Jubaea chilensis, Ocoa Valley

La Campana National Park is located in the Cordillera de la Costa, Quillota Province, in the Valparaíso Region of Chile. La Campana National Park and the Vizcachas Mountains lie northwest of Santiago.[2] This national park covers approximately 80 square kilometres (31 sq mi) and is home to one of the last palm forests of Jubaea chilensis (Chilean Wine Palm), which prehistorically had a much wider distribution than at present.[3] Another attraction is the Cerro La Campana, which lends its name to the park. In 1834 Charles Darwin climbed this mountain, during the second voyage of HMS Beagle.

In 1984, the park, along with Lago Peñuelas National Reserve, was designated by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve.[4]

Biology[edit]

The park is in the Chilean Matorral Ecoregion. Chilean Wine Palm groves occur in the Ocoa Valley. Other typical vegetation species occurring in the park include the Boldo, Litre, Peumo, Patagua, Winter's Bark and Lingue.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Line notes[edit]

  1. ^ National Forest Corporation: Estadística Visitantes 2012, 11 January 2013
  2. ^ Mediterranean Region
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan, 2008
  4. ^ a b UNESCO. 2007

External links[edit]