Location of the commune (in red) within New Caledonia
|Sui generis collectivity||New Caledonia|
|• Mayor||Corinne Voisin|
|• Land1||464.0 km2 (179.2 sq mi)|
|Population (2004 census)|
|• Population2 density||6.3/km2 (16/sq mi)|
|• 1996 census||Europeans 48.8%
|INSEE/Postal code||98813 / 98880|
|Elevation||0–1,058 m (0–3,471 ft)
(avg. 20 m or 66 ft)
1 New Caledonia Land Register (DITTT) data, which exclude lakes and ponds larger than 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) as well as the estuaries of rivers.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Although the provincial seat of the South Province is in Nouméa, La Foa was made the chief town of the administrative subdivision of the South in order to counterbalance the overwhelming weight of Nouméa in New Caledonia. Both entities share an almost identical territory, but their status and role is quite different: the South Province, with its provincial assembly in Nouméa, is a full political division, whereas the administrative subdivision of the South is only an administrative division of the French central state, akin to an arrondissement of Metropolitan France, with a Deputy Commissioner of the Republic (commissaire délégué de la République), akin to a subprefect of metropolitan France, in residence in La Foa.
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