La Habra, California

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La Habra
City
Official seal of La Habra
Seal
Motto: "A Caring Community"[1]
Location of La Habra within Orange County, California.
Location of La Habra within Orange County, California.
Coordinates: 33°55′55″N 117°56′46″W / 33.93194°N 117.94611°W / 33.93194; -117.94611Coordinates: 33°55′55″N 117°56′46″W / 33.93194°N 117.94611°W / 33.93194; -117.94611
Country  United States
State  California
County Orange
Incorporated January 20, 1925[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 7.376 sq mi (19.104 km2)
 • Land 7.370 sq mi (19.088 km2)
 • Water 0.006 sq mi (0.016 km2)  0.08%
Elevation[4] 299 ft (91 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 60,239
 • Density 8,200/sq mi (3,200/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 90631-90633
Area code(s) 562[5]
FIPS code 06-39290
GNIS feature IDs 1652735, 2411571
Website www.ci.la-habra.ca.us

La Habra is a city in the northwestern corner of Orange County, California, United States. In the 2010 census, the city had a population of 60,239. Its related city, La Habra Heights, is located to the north of La Habra, and is in Los Angeles County.

History[edit]

Origin of name[edit]

In 1839, when vast herds of Mexican cattle and horses grazed over the hills and valleys of southern California, Mariano Reyes Roldan was granted 6,698 acres (27 km2) and named his land Rancho Cañada de La Habra. The name referred to the “Pass Through the Hills,”[6] the natural pass to the north first discovered by Spanish explorers of the Portola expedition in 1769. In the 1860s, Abel Stearns purchased Rancho La Habra.

Historical information[edit]

La Habra was founded in 1896.[7] The first post office in the town was established in 1898 in a corner of Coy's Store at Central (now La Habra Boulevard) and Euclid Street.

The city was incorporated under general law on January 20, 1925, with a population of 3,000. The police force was organized in 1926 and employed a chief, traffic officer and patrolman. By 1928, the city was the largest avocado center in Southern California. In 1930. the first fire department building was constructed followed by the original City Hall in 1935. By 1950, the population reached nearly 5,000. The Civic Center took shape when the existing County Library was dedicated in 1966, followed by the present administration building in 1969.

For more than 70 years, La Habra was known as the city just south of La Habra Heights where the Hass avocado, of the Hass Avocado Mother Tree, was planted by Rudolph Hass in the 1920s.[8] The fruit from this tree has since become one of the most popular avocado cultivars worldwide. The Hass Mother Tree succumbed to root rot in 2002.

The La Habra Stakes, run since 1973 at the Santa Anita Park Thoroughbred race track, is named for La Habra. Although La Habra lies within Orange County, the city contracts with the Los Angeles County Fire Department for EMS and fire protection.

Law enforcement is provided by the La Habra Police Department, which in 2008 employed about 70 officers. From 2004 to 2008, they ranked third in the number of officer-involved shootings among twenty Orange County municipal police departments. One case among these, the 2007 death of Michael Cho, resulted in a wrongful death lawsuit against the city which was settled in September 2010 for $250,000.[9][10]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19 km2), 99.92% of it land and 0.08% of it water.

It is bordered by La Habra Heights on the north, Brea on the east, Fullerton on the south and southeast, La Mirada on the west and southwest and East Whittier on the west, Whittier on the northwest and Unincorporated Los Angeles County on the northeast.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, La Habra has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[11]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[12] reported that La Habra had a population of 60,239. The population density was 8,166.8 people per square mile (3,153.2/km²). The racial makeup of La Habra was 35,147 (58.3%) White (30.2% Non-Hispanic White),[13] 1,025 (1.7%) African American, 531 (0.9%) Native American, 5,653 (9.4%) Asian, 103 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 15,224 (25.3%) from other races, and 2,556 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34,449 persons (57.2%).

The Census reported that 59,899 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 169 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 171 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 18,977 households, out of which 7,937 (41.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,078 (53.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,905 (15.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,327 (7.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,158 (6.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 119 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,651 households (19.2%) were made up of individuals and 1,440 (7.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.16. There were 14,310 families (75.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.58.

The population was spread out with 16,062 people (26.7%) under the age of 18, 6,353 people (10.5%) aged 18 to 24, 17,349 people (28.8%) aged 25 to 44, 13,926 people (23.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,549 people (10.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

There were 19,924 housing units at an average density of 2,701.2 per square mile (1,042.9/km²), of which 10,941 (57.7%) were owner-occupied, and 8,036 (42.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.2%. 33,609 people (55.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 26,290 people (43.6%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, La Habra had a median household income of $60,954, with 14.0% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [14]

2000[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 58,974 people, 18,947 households, and 14,020 families residing in the city. The population density was 8,045.8 inhabitants per square mile (3,106.4/km²). There were 19,441 housing units at an average density of 2,652.3 per square mile (1,024.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 41.40% White, 1.40% Black or African American, 0.96% Native American, 6.00% Asian, 0.22% Pacific Islander, 2.20% from other races, and 4.67% from two or more races. 49.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 19,042 households out of which 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.56.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,652, and the median income for a family was $51,971. Males had a median income of $36,813 versus $30,466 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,923. About 19.1% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[16] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 CVS/pharmacy 1,056
2 Wal-Mart 492
3 City of La Habra 435
4 Target 254
5 Costco 249
6 La Habra Bakery 242
7 Kohl's 150
8 The Home Depot 140
9 La Habra Convalescent Hospital 140
10 Lowe's 129
11 VIP Rubber 118

Government[edit]

La Habra's mayor is Tom Beamish.[17]

In the state legislature La Habra is located in the 29th Senate District, represented by Republican Bob Huff, and in the 55th Assembly District, represented by Republicans Curt Hagman. Federally, La Habra is located in California's 39th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +7[citation needed] and is represented by California's 39th congressional district, represented by Republican Ed Royce.[18]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of La Habra California". City of La Habra California. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 5, 2014. 
  4. ^ "La Habra". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved November 5, 2014. 
  5. ^ "NPA City Report". North American Numbering Plan Administration. Retrieved November 5, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Profile for La Habra, California, CA". ePodunk. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  7. ^ Haire, Chris (August 31, 2013). "Blurred Boundary". The Orange County Register. p. News 35. 
  8. ^ http://www.avocado.org/avocado-facts/mother-tree.php
  9. ^ Kim, Kenneth; Kim, Sangjin (February 24, 2008), "Gone in 41 Seconds — Police Quick to Kill Korean Artist", New America Media, retrieved 2008-02-26 
  10. ^ Ponsi, Lou (2010-09-15), "Lawsuit in deadly La Habra police shooting is settled", The Orange Country Register, retrieved 2011-05-08 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for La Habra, California
  12. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - La Habra city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  13. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0639290.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0639290.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ City of La Habra CAFR
  17. ^ "City Council". City of La Habra, California. Retrieved 2014-09-04. 
  18. ^ "California's 39th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 

External links[edit]