La Hoya, Alava
|La Hoya archaeological site|
|La Hoyako aztarnategi arkeologikoa|
|Area||4 ha (9.9 acres)|
|Periods||15th and 3rd centuries BCE|
|Archaeologists||Alejandro Sampedro Martínez et al|
The fortified town was inhabited between the 15th and 3rd centuries BCE and occupies four hectares. It has three levels:
- Middle-Late Bronze Age: in this early period, the fortifications, as well the houses, were all made of wood.
- Early-Middle Iron Age: construction became more complex using mixed formulas with stone, wood and adobe. Most houses were near the wall in this period.
- Late Iron Age, with a cultural context that some classify as Celtiberian, shows important changes in urbanization: with paved streets and plazas that form a reticular structure. The wall is also rebuilt on stone. This final period also shows great advancement in the technologies: potter's wheel, elaborated blacksmitting, etc.
The successive layers of rubble, that served as cimentations for further edification, make up a small tell 3 meters high.
The town was destroyed violently c. 300 BCE, leaving the remains of the people and their quotidain tools in the streets.
- Euskonews: La Hoya (Laguardia, Alava): Un poblado fortificado del primer milenio a.c.. Article by Armando Llanos.
- Auñamendi Encyclopedia: La Hoya
- Iregua: Poblado de La Hoya
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