La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles
A photograph of the "Plaza Church" taken by William Henry Jackson between 1890 and 1900. The structure incorporated a four-bell campanario ("bell wall") prior to being rebuilt in 1861.
|Location||Los Angeles, California|
|Name as founded||Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles|
|English translation||Our Lady Queen of the Angels|
|Patron||Mary, mother of Jesus|
|Founding date||August 18, 1814|
|Founding priest(s)||Father Luis Gíl y Taboada|
|Governing body||Roman Catholic Church|
|Current use||Parish Church|
|California Historical Landmark|
|Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument|
La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora la Reina de Los Ángeles, or The Church of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels, is a historic Catholic church in the Los Angeles Plaza Historic District in northern downtown Los Angeles, California.
The 'Church of Los Angeles' was founded on August 18, 1814 by Franciscan Fray Luis Gil y Taboada. He placed the cornerstone for the new church in the adobe ruins of the original "sub-station mission" here, the Nuestra Señora Reina de los Ángeles Asistencia (founded 1784), thirty years after it was established to serve the settlement founding Los Angeles Pobladores (original settlers). The completed new structure was dedicated on December 8, 1822. A replacement chapel, named La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles - for Mary, mother of Jesus or "The Church of Our Lady of the Angels" - was rebuilt using materials of the original church in 1861. The title Reina, meaning "Queen," was added later to the name. For years, the little chapel, which collected the nicknames "La Placita" and "Plaza Church," served as the sole Roman Catholic church in emerging immigrant Los Angeles.
The facility has operated under the auspices of the Claretian Missionary Fathers since 1908.
During the 1980s, the church called itself a sanctuary for refugees threatened with deportation to El Salvador. The sanctuary movement continues: On August 19, 2007, immigration activist Elvira Arellano was arrested outside the church and later deported to Mexico.
The "Old Plaza Church" facing the Plaza, 1869. The brick reservoir in the middle of the Plaza was the original terminus of the Zanja Madre.
The façade of Nuestra Señora Reina de los Ángeles in 2007.
- Los Angeles Plaza Historic District
- Olvera Street
- List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Downtown Los Angeles
- History of Los Angeles, California
- USNS Mission Los Angeles (AO-117) — a Mission Buenaventura class fleet oiler built during World War II.
- Sanctuary movement
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles (California).|
- Nuestra Señora Reina de Los Angeles — photo gallery
- Sanctuary Movement — history of New Sanctuary Movement — webpage
- El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historical Monument — City of Los Angeles
- Miller, Henry and Harry Knill (ed.) (2000). California Missions: The Earliest Series of Views Made in 1856. Bellerophon Books, Santa Barbara, CA. ISBN 0-88388-119-5.
- Ruscin, Terry (1999). Mission Memoirs. Sunbelt Publications, San Diego, CA. ISBN 0-932653-30-8.
- "Directory for Missions and other Hispanic Sites". California Mission Studies Association. Archived from the original on 2007-04-02. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
- Miller and Knill, p. 1
- Los Angeles Department of City Planning (September 7, 2007). Historic - Cultural Monuments (HCM) Listing: City Declared Monuments (PDF). City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2008-05-29.
- California Mission Studies Association
- Ruscin, p. 49.
- Ruscin, p. 50.
- #144 California Historical Landmark