La Jamais Contente

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La Jamais Contente
Jamais contente.jpg
Illustration of "La Jamais Contente", first automobile to reach 100 km/h in 1899
Overview
Manufacturer Compagnie Internationale des transports automobiles électriques
Also called The Never Satisfied
Production 1899
Powertrain
Engine Electrical
Dimensions
Length 3.80 metres (12.5 ft)[1]
Width 1.56 metres (5 ft 1 in)[1]
Height 1.40 metres (4 ft 7 in)[1]
Curb weight 1,450 kilograms (3,200 lb)[1]
La Jamais Contente on display in the Castle of Compiègne
"La Jamais Contente" Detail: rear wheel, reconstruction of Museum Autovision, Altlußheim, Germany.

La Jamais Contente (English: The Never Satisfied) was the first road vehicle to go over 100 kilometres per hour (62 mph). It was an electric vehicle with a light alloy torpedo shaped bodywork and with Fulmen batteries. The high position of the driver and the exposed chassis underneath spoiled much of the aerodynamics.[2] The light alloy, called partinium, is an alloy of aluminum, tungsten and magnesium.[3]

The land speed record was established on April 29 or May 1, 1899 at Achères, Yvelines near Paris, France. The vehicle had two direct drive Postel-Vinay 25 kW motors, running at 200 V drawing 124 Amperes each [1][4] for about 68 hp, and was equipped with Michelin tires. Chassis number was n°25.

Driver[edit]

The vehicle was driven by the Belgian driver Camille Jenatzy. Camille was the son of Constant Jenatzy, a manufacturer of rubber products (rubber was still a novelty at the time). Camille had studied as an engineer, with an interest in electric traction automobiles. He became known for his record-breaking speed runs, and was nicknamed Le Diable Rouge ("The Red Devil") for the colour of his beard. He died in 1913, after being shot in a hunting accident.

Motivation[edit]

Willing to carve a place in the then promising Parisian electric carriage market, Jenatzy started a manufacturing plant which would produce many electric carriages and trucks. He fiercely competed against carriage maker Jeantaud in publicity stunts to see which made the fastest vehicles. In order to assure the triumph of his company, Jenatzy built a bullet shaped prototype, conceived by the carriage maker Rothschild in partinium (an alloy of laminated aluminum, tungsten and magnesium).

Speed Record[edit]

Jenatzy reached the speed of 105.882 kilometres per hour (65.792 mph), besting the previous record, held by Count Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat driving a Jeantaud, who had attained 92.78 kilometres per hour (57.65 mph) on March 4, 1899. After this exploit the gasoline-fuelled combustion engine would increasingly supplant electric technology for the next century.

The Jamais Contente is now on display at the automobile museum in Compiègne, France.

See also[edit]

Other land speed record electric automobiles

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "La Jamais Contente". 
  2. ^ Wheeling to 800 km/h - Tech Tidbits, May 9,2005
  3. ^ Bourgarit, David; Plateau, Jean (2005). "Quand l'aluminium valait de l'or : peut-on reconnaître un aluminium "chimique" d'un aluminium "électrolytique"?". ArchéoSciences (in French) 29: 95–105. Retrieved 30 August 2011. 
  4. ^ "EV Zero?". EV1 Club. Archived from the original on 2006-10-12. Retrieved 2006-10-18. 

External links[edit]