La Jonquera

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La Jonquera
Municipality
Panorama of the Requesens Castle
Panorama of the Requesens Castle
Coat of arms of La Jonquera
Coat of arms
La Jonquera is located in Catalonia
La Jonquera
La Jonquera
Location in Catalonia
Coordinates: 42°25′11″N 2°52′31″E / 42.41972°N 2.87528°E / 42.41972; 2.87528Coordinates: 42°25′11″N 2°52′31″E / 42.41972°N 2.87528°E / 42.41972; 2.87528
Country  Spain
Community  Catalonia
Province Bandera de la provincia de Gerona.png Girona
Comarca Flag of Alt Emporda.svg Alt Empordà
Government
 • Mayor Jordi Cabezas i Llobet
Area
 • Total 56.93 km2 (21.98 sq mi)
Elevation 110 m (360 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 3,075
 • Density 54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demonym Jonquerenc, jonquerenca, jonquereño, jonquereña
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

La Jonquera (Catalan pronunciation: [ɫə ʒuŋˈkeɾə]) is a municipality in the comarca of l'Alt Empordà, in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated next to the border with France, opposite the municipality of Le Perthus.

History[edit]

The area has always been an important pass through the Pyrenees. A contemporary motorway runs not far from the ancient Roman road, the Via Augusta. Not far from there is an altar erected by Pompey at the Coll de Panissars.

La Jonquera was the site of a conflict involving the retreating French crusaders in 1285 that ended in their defeat.

Geography[edit]

Civil parishes[edit]

La Jonquera (2,888 inhabitants in the village) has got 4 civil parishes (poblaciónes). The village of Els Límits is situated on the French-Spanish border, contiguous to its French twin town, Le Perthus.

Village Population (2005)
Canadal
9
Els Límits
115
Requesens
0
Sant Julià
4

Interesting places[edit]

  • Church of Santa Maria.
  • Ruins of Santa Maria de Panissars (mediaeval Benedictine monastery), in the coll de Panissars.
  • Ruins of the castell de Rocabertí.
  • Castell de Canadal, with the church of Santa Cristina or Sant Jaume de Canadal (c. IX).
  • Romanesque churches (Sant Pere del Pla de l'Arca and Sant Martí del Forn del Vidre (10th century), and Santa Llúcia, Sant Miquel de Solans and Sant Julià dels Torts (12th century).
  • Porta Catalana (work of Josep Lluís Sert), in the border.
  • Several megalithic monuments (dolmens and menhirs).

Prostitution[edit]

The New York Times reported that one of Europe's largest brothels opened in La Jonquera in 2010, taking advantage of Europe's open borders and "lax laws". Many of its clients reportedly come from France. According to the paper, "Advocates and police officials say that most of the women are controlled by illegal networks — they are modern-day slaves." [1]

Forest fires[edit]

The area around La Jonquera was seriously affected by fatal wildfires that devastated large swathes of forestry in northern Catalonia in July 2012.[2]

Demography[edit]

1900 1930 1950 1970 1986 2007
1588 1273 1199 1964 2582 3075

Further reading[edit]

  • Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daley, Suzanne (06-04-2012). "In Spain, Women Enslaved by a Boom in Brothel Tourism". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-23.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ "Spain wildfires: Four killed in Catalonia". BBC News. 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 

External links[edit]