||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2010)|
La Marmotte is an annual, one-day cyclosportive event in France for amateur cyclists. Having begun in 1982, it is thought to be the first ever cyclosportive and also remains one of the most popular today in Europe, with interest exceeding the 7000 places available. It is named after the large ground squirrel that is known to inhabit the slopes of the final climb to Alpe d'Huez.
Unlike the Étape du Tour cyclosportive event, whose route changes from year to year, the Marmotte route is fixed. Covering a distance of 174.4 km (108.4 mi) and with 5,180 m (16,990 ft) of climbing, the route is considered to be one of the hardest of any cyclosportive and comparable to any of the most challenging high mountain stages of the Tour de France. Several famous Tour de France mountains feature; the Col du Glandon, Col du Telegraphe, Col du Galibier and the final ascent of the legendary Alpe d'Huez. Le Bourg d'Oisans hosts the start of the event.
|Location||Altitude (m)||Distance (km)||Information|
|RD1091 - D526|
|D926 - D927||1907||35.5|
|Col du Glandon||1924||35.7|
|Saint Colomban des Villards||1102||46|
|Saint Alban des Villards||882||53|
|Saint Étienne de Cuines||450||56.5|
|D927 - D74||431||57.7|
|Sainte Marie de Cuines||420||58.5|
|D74 - RD1006||63.4|
|RD1006 (St Jean de Maurienne)||465||67.4|
|St Michel de Maurienne||712||81.4|
|Col du Télégraph||1570||92.9|
|Les Granges du Galibier||109.4|
|Col du Galibier||2642||114.9|
|Col du Lautaret||2057||122.4|
|Le Freney d'Oisans||900||149.4|
Online entry on the event's official website is possible but demand greatly exceeds the limited number of places available (approximately 7000). In 2012, the event entry website received more than 6000 individual online applications in one day  and was forced to suspend further online applications. In 2013, entries for the Marmotte Gran Fondo event opened at midnight CET on the 30th of November. The site was intermittently unusable as the number of requests exceeded what it was capable of handling. Numerous bugs were also apparent as some users were only able to enter by registering as new users.
A limited number places are available to groups, organised sporting holiday companies and individuals who enter the Trophee de l'Oisans, a series of cyclosportive events held in the Oisans region over the previous week, starting with the Vaujany Master ride.
The start and timing
Owing to the sheer number of participants, a staggered start is necessary, with riders batched by race number and those with lower race numbers departing first. The first batch of riders depart at 0700 CET. Priority race numbers are given to a select number of elite riders who have posted very good times in previous attempts or can provide evidence that they are capable of competing with the best riders. Non-elite riders that have posted good times in the past are also batched in the lower number range. Since timing does not begin until the rider has crossed the start line, there is no disadvantage to starting from the back of the field. However, since the faster riders depart first it is potentially advantageous to be batched in the earlier groups and take advantage of pelotons moving at greater speeds. In addition, the sheer number of participants can lead to congestion on the roads and at feed stations.
Electronic timing chips given to each rider record the finishing time and split times at various points around the course.
From 2010 the descent of the Col du Glandon was neutralised to discourage riders from descending too recklessly and endangering themselves and other riders. The descent would usually take about 30–35 minutes.
Major feed stations are usually placed at the summit of the Col du Glandon, start of the Galibier climb (2 km outside Valloire), summit of the Galibier and at the foot of Alp d'Huez. Intermediary water stops are scattered throughout as are a limited number of temporary toilet facilities.
|2013||Bart Bury (BEL)||05:32:01||30-39|
|2012||Sander Armée (BEL)||05:33:14||18-29|
|2011||Michel Snel (NED)||05:32:23||30-39|
|2010||Michel Snel (NED)||05:46:06||30-39|
|2009||Bert Dekker (NED)||06:09:00||30-39|
|2008||Antonio Corradini (ITA)||06:02:12||30-39|
|2007||Andrea Ciavatti (ITA)||06:00:59||30-39|
|2006||Emanuele Negrini (ITA)||05:50:30||30-39|
|2005||Emanuele Negrini (ITA)||05:49:40||30-39|
|2004||Daniele de Paoli (ITA)||06:03:52||30-39|
|2003||Laurens ten Dam (NED)||06:07:04||18-29|
|2002||Bert Dekker (NED)||06:39:58||30-39|
|2001||Stefano Giraldi (ITA)||06:12:40||30-39|
|1999||Bert Dekker (NED)||06:22:00||18-29|
|1998||Didier Miranda (FRA)||06:25:34||30-39|
|1997||Bert Dekker (NED)||06:40:19||18-29|
|1996||Patrice Halgand (FRA)||06:32:36||18-29|
|1995||Tom de Jong (NED)||06:43:11||18-29|
|1994||Francisque Teyssier (FRA)||06:24:44||18-29|
|1993||Patrick Bruet (FRA)||06:24:37||30-39|
|1992||Laurent Brochard (FRA)||06:43:50||18-29|
|1991||Benoit Nave (FRA)||06:20:04||18-29|
|1990||Pascal Rota (FRA)||06:30:22||30-39|
|1989||Pascal Rota (FRA)||06:27:42||30-39|
|1988||Pascal Rota (FRA)||06:23:39||30-39|
|1987||Pascal Rota (FRA)||06:29:53||18-29|
|1986||Etienne Neant (FRA)||06:37:36||30-39|
|1985||Marc Criel (BEL)||06:47:01||30-39|
|1984||Fons Moors (BEL)||06:58:52||40-49|
|1983||Alain Gary (FRA)||07:08:49||40-49|
|1982||François Inoalecio (FRA)||07:21:19||Unknown|
Men's Lanterne Rouge
|1993||Willem van de Meent||NED||12:56:59||50-59|
|1990||Fernando Silvestre Dos Santos||FRA||12:21:10||18-29|
|1986||Javier Fancisco Etxaide-Juantorena||ESP||11:56:14||30-39|
- La Marmotte popularity
- La Marmotte cyclosportive official website.