La Mesa, California

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La Mesa, California
City
City of La Mesa
Flag of La Mesa, California
Flag
Motto: "Jewel of the Hills"[1]
Location in San Diego County and the U.S. state of California
Location in San Diego County and the U.S. state of California
Coordinates: 32°46′17″N 117°1′22″W / 32.77139°N 117.02278°W / 32.77139; -117.02278Coordinates: 32°46′17″N 117°1′22″W / 32.77139°N 117.02278°W / 32.77139; -117.02278
Country  United States of America
State  California
County San Diego
Government
 • Mayor Art Madrid
 • Vice Mayor Kristine Alessio
 • Councilwoman Ruth Sterling
 • Councilman Ernest Ewin
 • Councilman Mark Arapostathis
Area[2]
 • Total 9.116 sq mi (23.612 km2)
 • Land 9.076 sq mi (23.507 km2)
 • Water 0.040 sq mi (0.104 km2)  0.44%
Elevation 528 ft (161 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 57,065
 • Density 6,300/sq mi (2,400/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 91941-91944
Area code(s) 619
FIPS code 06-40004
GNIS feature ID 1660859
Website City of La Mesa California

La Mesa is a city in Southern California, located in San Diego County. The population was 57,065 at the 2010 census, up from 54,749 at the 2000 census. Its civic motto is "the Jewel of the Hills."

History[edit]

La Mesa in Spanish means "the table", or alternately "the plateau", relating to its geography.[3] La Mesa was part of a larger tract, Mission San Diego de Alcalá, and was used by Spanish Missionaries.[4]

La Mesa was founded in 1869 and The City of La Mesa was incorporated on February 16, 1912, under the general laws of the State of California. As such, it does not have a city charter but operates under the laws of the State of California in all respects not specifically covered by any city ordinance.

Its official flower is the bougainvillea.[1]

Geography[edit]

La Mesa is located at 32°46′17″N 117°1′22″W / 32.77139°N 117.02278°W / 32.77139; -117.02278 (32.771450, -117.022797).[5] It is bordered by the city of San Diego on the west and north, Spring Valley and Lemon Grove on the south, and El Cajon on the east. It includes the neighborhood of Grossmont.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.1 square miles (24 km2). 9.1 square miles (24 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.44%) is water.

Climate[edit]

La Mesa is approximately 12 mi (19 km)) east of the Pacific Ocean. Because of this, La Mesa typically experiences more extreme temperatures than San Diego, which mostly lies significantly closer to the Pacific Ocean. La Mesa has a Semi-arid Steppe climate. La Mesa typically has hot, dry summers and warm winters with most of the annual precipitation falling between November and March. The city has dry weather with around 13" of annual precipitation. Summer temperatures are generally hot, with average highs of 78°F-92°F (26°C–33°C) and lows of 56°F–68°F (13°C–20°C). Winter temperatures are warm, with average high temperatures of 66°F–77°F (19°C–25°C) and lows of 46°F–58°F (8°C–14°C). The climate in the San Diego area, like much of California, often varies significantly over short geographical distances resulting in micro-climates. In San Diego's case this is mainly due to the city's topography (the Bay, and the numerous hills, mountains, and canyons). Frequently, particularly during the "May gray/June gloom" period, a thick "marine layer" cloud cover will keep the air cool and damp within a few miles of the coast, but will yield to bright cloudless sunshine approximately 5–10 miles (8–16 km) inland. This happens every year in May and June. Even in the absence of June gloom, inland areas tend to experience much higher temperatures than areas closer to the coast.

Climate data for La Mesa, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32)
92
(33)
96
(36)
105
(41)
106
(41)
107
(42)
106
(41)
106
(41)
113
(45)
105
(41)
97
(36)
108
(42)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C) 69.4
(20.8)
69.3
(20.7)
70.5
(21.4)
73.8
(23.2)
75.4
(24.1)
79.1
(26.2)
84.0
(28.9)
85.9
(29.9)
85.3
(29.6)
79.3
(26.3)
73.6
(23.1)
68.9
(20.5)
76.2
(24.6)
Average low °F (°C) 46.5
(8.1)
47.5
(8.6)
49.7
(9.8)
52.6
(11.4)
56.5
(13.6)
59.8
(15.4)
63.4
(17.4)
64.7
(18.2)
62.8
(17.1)
57.6
(14.2)
50.8
(10.4)
45.9
(7.7)
54.8
(12.7)
Record low °F (°C) 26
(−3)
23
(−5)
28
(−2)
31
(−1)
39
(4)
43
(6)
46
(8)
48
(9)
44
(7)
30
(−1)
30
(−1)
29
(−2)
23
(−5)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.40
(61)
2.41
(61.2)
2.41
(61.2)
0.92
(23.4)
0.15
(3.8)
0.08
(2)
0.04
(1)
0.03
(0.8)
0.21
(5.3)
0.69
(17.5)
1.45
(36.8)
1.89
(48)
12.68
(322.1)
Source: http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981–2010/products/station/USC00044735.normals.txt[6]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[7] reported that La Mesa had a population of 57,065. The population density was 6,259.6 people per square mile (2,416.8/km²). The racial makeup of La Mesa was 40,964 (71.8%) White, 4,399 (7.7%) African American, 431 (0.8%) Native American, 3,289 (5.8%) Asian, 318 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 4,326 (7.6%) from other races, and 3,338 (5.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,696 persons (20.5%).

The Census reported that 56,408 people (98.8% of the population) lived in households, 124 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 533 (0.9%) were institutionalized.

There were 24,512 households, out of which 6,695 (27.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 9,330 (38.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,102 (12.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,335 (5.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,731 (7.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 243 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 8,004 households (32.7%) were made up of individuals and 2,924 (11.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30. There were 13,767 families (56.2% of all households); the average family size was 2.94.

The population was spread out with 11,164 people (19.6%) under the age of 18, 6,396 people (11.2%) aged 18 to 24, 16,792 people (29.4%) aged 25 to 44, 14,625 people (25.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 8,088 people (14.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.1 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

There were 26,167 housing units at an average density of 2,870.3 per square mile (1,108.2/km²), of which 11,221 (45.8%) were owner-occupied, and 13,291 (54.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.2%. 26,713 people (46.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 29,695 people (52.0%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 54,749 people, 24,186 households, and 13,374 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,909.9 inhabitants per square mile (2,282.8/km²). There were 24,943 housing units at an average density of 2,692.5 per square mile (1,040.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.64% White, 4.86% African American, 0.66% Native American, 4.09% Asian, 0.40% Pacific Islander, 5.08% from other races, and 4.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.52% of the population.

There were 24,186 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.7% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,693, and the median income for a family was $50,398. Males had a median income of $37,215 versus $30,413 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,372. About 5.2% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Current estimates[edit]

According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of La Mesa in 2005 was $55,609 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $45,156.

Arts and culture[edit]

Farmer's Market[edit]

There is a Farmer's Market in La Mesa Village every Friday afternoon.[9]

Flag Day Parade[edit]

On June 14, 1997, with the vision and commitment of Councilmember Ruth Sterling, the City of La Mesa inaugurated its First Annual Flag Day Parade.[10]

La Mesa Walkway of the Stars[edit]

The “Walkway of the Stars” is a pedestrian walkway that has been transformed into an urban park in downtown La Mesa. The vision for a place to recognize La Mesa's extraordinary volunteers was provided by Councilmember Ruth Sterling. The park’s theme honors the City’s outstanding volunteers who have provided 10,000 or more hours of service to the City of La Mesa. “Walkway of the Stars” is located between the Allison Avenue municipal parking lot and La Mesa Boulevard.[11]

Oktoberfest[edit]

At the beginning of each October, La Mesa holds their biggest event of the year, Oktoberfest, attended by approximately 200,000 people over the three nights of the event.[12]

Back to the 50s Car Show[edit]

The Back to the '50s Car Show is an annual summer event where classic car enthusiasts come to display their vehicles. The event is held every Thursday evening during the months of June through August in La Mesa Village along La Mesa Boulevard. Admission to the event is free.[13]

Other events[edit]

Other annual events include Christmas in the Village, and Antique Street Fair.[14]

Grossmont Center[edit]

The city's major mall, Grossmont Center, opened in 1961.[15]

Government[edit]

City government[edit]

The City Council consists of five members who are elected from the City at large. The Mayor is elected directly by the citizens of La Mesa. The current mayor is Art Madrid.

State and Federal[edit]

In the state legislature La Mesa is located in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Dennis Hollingsworth, and in the 77th Assembly District, represented by Republican Joel Anderson. Federally, La Mesa is located in California's 52nd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +9[16] and is represented by Republican Duncan D. Hunter.

Education[edit]

The schools in La Mesa are operated by two districts. The La Mesa-Spring Valley School District operates most of the elementary and middle schools in the city, while the Grossmont Union High School District district operates Helix High School and the Gateway day schools.

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Rolando Elementary School (La Mesa-Spring Valley School District)
  • La Mesa Dale Elementary School (La Mesa-Spring Valley School District)
  • Maryland Avenue Elementary School (La Mesa-Spring Valley School District)
  • RHR DFAF Private Charter School
  • Murdock Elementary School (La Mesa-Spring Valley School District)
  • Murray Manor Elementary School (La Mesa-Spring Valley School District)
  • Northmont Elementary School (La Mesa-Spring Valley School District)
  • Lemon Avenue Elementary School (La Mesa-Spring Valley School District)
  • Vista La Mesa Academy (Lemon Grove School District)
  • St. Martin's Academy (private)
  • Liberty Charter School (private)
  • San Diego Jewish Academy (private)
  • Christ Lutheran School (private)
  • Innovation Center La Mesa – Julian Charter School (charter)

Middle/junior high schools[edit]

  • Parkway Middle School (La Mesa-Spring Valley School District)
  • La Mesa Middle School (LMMS) (La Mesa-Spring Valley School District)
  • Vista La Mesa Academy (Lemon Grove School District)

High schools[edit]

K through 12[edit]

  • Gateway Community Day (Grossmont Union High School District)
  • Gateway West Community Day (Grossmont Union High School District)

Notable people[edit]

La Mesa is the hometown of NBA player Bill Walton, football star Alex Smith, actor Dennis Hopper, true-crime author Cathy Scott, baseball players Aaron Boone and Brooks Conrad, singer of rock band Pearl Jam, Eddie Vedder, and thrash metal band Megadeth founder and guitarist/singer Dave Mustaine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "La Mesa Fast Facts". City of La Mesa California. Archived from the original on June 9, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census
  3. ^ "Profile for La Mesa, California, CA". ePodunk. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  4. ^ City of La Mesa history
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ NOAA. "1981–2010 Climate Normals, La Mesa CA". NOAA. Retrieved August 21, 2011. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - La Mesa city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ La Mesa, CA - Official Website - Farmer's Market
  10. ^ "Ruth Sterling". City of La Mesa. Archived from the original on June 9, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ La Mesa, CA - Official Website
  12. ^ Oktoberfest website
  13. ^ "La Mesa Car Show". 
  14. ^ La Mesa Village Merchants Association
  15. ^ Engstrand, Iris Wilson (2005). San Diego: California's Cornerstone. Sunbelt Publications. p. 172. 
  16. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved February 10, 2008. 

External links[edit]