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La Mosquitia is the easternmost part of Honduras along the Mosquito Coast, which extends into northeastern Nicaragua. It is a region of tropical rainforest accessible primarily by water and air. Its population includes indigenous groups such as the Miskito, Pech, Rama, Sumo, and Tawakha peoples. La Mosquitia has the largest wilderness area in Central America, consisting of mangrove swamps, lagoons, rivers, savannas and tropical rain forests. The Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve, a World Heritage site, is a part of La Mosquitia.
The Mosquitia region is part of the Gracias a Dios Department of northeastern Honduras, the second largest department of the country after Olancho, with 16,630 km². Most of the territory is a very hot and humid plain, crossed by numerous streams and rivers including the Plátano, Patuca, Waruna, and Coco rivers. Here also is the Caratasca Lagoon, the largest coastal lagoon in Honduras. It is shallow, with saline water, and is separated from the sea by a thin stretch of sand.
The climate of La Mosquitia promotes the growth of a dense tropical forest, which is now set aside for preservation. The Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve, part of the so-called "great lungs" of Central America, covers nearly 7% of Honduran territory. It is home to a great diversity of flora and fauna; among its many species are the jaguar, tapir, peccary, crocodile, manatee, garza (heron), white-faced monkey.
The population in 2008 exceeded 80,000 inhabitants, representing a population density of 4.8 inhabitants/km², the lowest in the country. The primary income of the population is derived from lobster diving. As of 1997, there was no tourism activity in the area.
La Mosquitia is used as a route for illegal drug smuggling.
- Juan Pablo Suazo Euceda, author of two novels set in La Mosquitia
- Cape Camarón
- Mosquito Coast
- The Mosquito Coast
- Millington, T. (1997). ""No Tech" Technical diving: The lobster divers of La Mosquitia". Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society 27 (3). Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- Philip Sherwell (16 Nov 2013). "Welcome to Honduras, the most dangerous country on the planet". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on Nov 18, 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. "The drugs are overwhelmingly smuggled through La Mosquitia, a sparsely-populated, lawless and near-impenetrable rainforest along the Nicaraguan border and Caribbean coast."
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