La Péri (Dukas)
La Péri (English: The Peri), or The Flower of Immortality, is a 1912 ballet in one act by French composer Paul Dukas, originally choreographed by Ivan Clustine and first performed in Paris, about a man's search for immortality and encounter with a mythological Peri.
At the end of his days of youth, the Magi having observed that his star had faded, Iskender travels throughout Iran in search of the Flower of Immortality. After three years of looking and wandering, he finally arrives at the Ends of the Earth, a place of utmost tranquility and calm. Iskender finds a temple to Ormuzd, and on its steps is a Peri. With a star flashing above her head and a lute in one hand, the Peri carries the Flower of Immortality, a lotus decorated with emeralds, in the other.
Later, as the Peri is sleeping, Iskender steals the Flower, careful to avoid making noise so that she does not wake up. Immediately the Flower sparkles brightly in his hands, and when the Peri wakes up, she strikes her hands against each other and lets out a great cry, because without the Flower she cannot enter into the presence of the light of Ormuzd. Upon this realization, Iskender delights at the power he now seemingly has over the Peri.
While in his hand, however, the Flower is transformed by Ormuzd to Iskender’s earthly and material desires. This is a sign to the Peri that possession of the Flower is not intended for Iskender, and so she performs a dance, gradually coming closer and closer until she is able wrest the Flower from him. As the Peri slowly disappears in the light and returns to Paradise, Iskender realizes with calmness that he has been stranded and left to die.
The original music to La Péri was written in 1911 by Paul Dukas as a Poème dansé en un tableau ("dance poem in one scene"), his last published work. Although not as well known as his famous symphonic poem L'apprenti sorcier, the ballet has been considered to be one of his most mature and skilled pieces. The music's style can best be described as a mixture of Romantic tonal harmony and orchestration techniques with Impressionism, and is distinctly French. The ballet itself is preceded by a brilliant fanfare that uses the orchestra's brass section, and which is often performed separately.
Dukas scored La Péri for the following orchestra:
- Woodwinds: 3 flutes (one of which also doubles piccolo), 2 oboes, cor anglais, 2 clarinets in A, bass clarinet in B flat, and 3 bassoons
- Brass: 4 horns in F, 3 trumpets in C, 3 trombones, and tuba
- Percussion: timpani, bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, triangle, tambourine, and xylophone
- Keyboard: celesta
- Strings: 2 harps, first and second violins, violas, violoncellos, and double basses.
Dukas had been commissioned to write the music for the Ballets Russes with designs by Léon Bakst, with Natalia Trouhanova as the Peri and Vaslav Nijinsky as Iskender. However, because Serge Diaghilev did not feel that Trouhanova was enough of a skilled dancer to be a partner to Nijinsky, the production was cancelled.
The ballet was performed in 1931 by the Ballet Rambert at the Mercury Theatre, Notting Hill Gate in London, to choreography by Frederick Ashton and costume design by William Chappell. Ashton himself danced the role of Iskender, with ballerina Alicia Markova as the Peri. This production was short-lived, lasting only until 1932, but the same company performed the ballet again in 1938 to choreography by Frank Staff, and Ashton in 1956 designed a new version for The Royal Ballet. In this latter version, the two roles were played by Margot Fonteyn and Michael Somes with scenic design by Ivon Hitchens and costume design by André Lavasseur. In Britain it has also been performed at the Lyric Theatre Hammersmith and the Palace Theatre, Manchester.
- Mackrell J. Ballet's men step out of the shadows. Guardian, 15 January 2012.
- Entry in the Ballet Rambert Archive
- Fanfare to precede La Péri: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- La Péri: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Fanfare from La Péri, performed by the Boston Civic Symphony on YouTube
- Dukas, Paul. La Péri - Poème dansé en un Tableau Paris: M.M. Durand & Cie, 1911. (synopsis, instrumentation)
- The Rambert Dance Company. Archive - La Péri. Retrieved February 25, 2006. (production information)