LaPorte County, Indiana

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LaPorte County, Indiana
County
LaPorte County Courthouse in La Porte, Indiana
LaPorte County Courthouse in La Porte, Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°36′N 86°43′W / 41.600°N 86.717°W / 41.600; -86.717Coordinates: 41°36′N 86°43′W / 41.600°N 86.717°W / 41.600; -86.717
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
Regions Northwest Indiana and Michiana
Metro area Chicago Metropolitan
Established April 1, 1832
Named for "The Door" (fr.)
County seat La Porte
Largest city Michigan City
(population and total area)
Incorporated
Municipalities
Government
 • Type County
 • Body Board of Commissioners
 • Commissioner Willie Milsap (D, 1st)
 • Commissioner David L. Decker (D, 2nd)
 • Commissioner Vidya Kora (D, 3rd)
 • County Council
Area
 • County 613.26 sq mi (1,588.3 km2)
 • Land 598.30 sq mi (1,549.6 km2)
 • Water 14.96 sq mi (38.7 km2)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
Area rank 2nd largest county in Indiana
 • Region 2,726 sq mi (7,060 km2)
Elevation 778 ft (237 m)
Population (2010)
 • County 111,467
 • Estimate (2013) 111,281
 • Rank 15th largest county in Indiana
542nd largest county in U.S.[1]
 • Density 186/sq mi (72/km2)
 • Metro 9,522,434
 • Region 819,537
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes 46340, 46345-46, 46348, 46350,
46352, 46360-61, 46365, 46371,
46382, 46390-91, 46532, 46552,
46554, 46574
Area code 219
Congressional districts 1st and 2nd
Indiana Senate districts 5th and 8th
Indiana House of Representatives districts 9th, 17th and 20th
FIPS code 18-091
GNIS feature ID 0450507
Interstates

I-80.svg Indiana Toll Road logo 1968.svg I-90.svg I-94.svg


U.S. Routes

US 6.svg US 12.svg US 20.svg US 30.svg US 35.svg US 421.svg


State Routes

Indiana 2.svg Indiana 4.svg Indiana 39.svg Indiana 104.svg Indiana 212.svg


Airports

La Porte Municipal
Michigan City Municipal


Waterways

East Arm Little Calumet River
Kankakee River
Lake Michigan
Little Calumet River
Trail Creek


Amtrak station

Michigan City


South Shore Line stations

11th StreetCarroll Avenue Hudson Lake


Public transit Michigan City Transit
Website www.laportecounty.org
  • Indiana county number 46
Demographics (2010)[2]
White Black Asian
84.1% 10.8% 0.5%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 0.3% 4.3% 5.5%

LaPorte County [3] is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 111,467.[4] The county seat is the city of La Porte,[5] and the largest city is Michigan City.

This county is part of the Northwest Indiana and Michiana regions of the Chicago metropolitan area.

The LaPorte County Courthouse is located in the county seat of La Porte and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

History[edit]

LaPorte County was formed in 1832. La porte means "the door" in French. French travelers or explorers so named the area after discovering a natural opening in the dense forests that used to exist in this region, providing a gateway to lands further west.[6][7]

Before white settlement, all of the land that forms modern-day LaPorte County, and adjacent Starke County to the south belonged to the Potawatomi Indian nation. These Indians were forcibly removed to Kansas by the United States government in 1838, and many died on what survivors called the Trail of Death.[8][9]

When the county was initially proposed and organized, its boundaries did not extend as far south or east as they do today. A section of land north of the Kankakee River originally belonged to Starke County. However, residents living in that area had difficulty crossing the river in order to reach the rest of the county. It was necessary to travel some distance east to Lemon's bridge, before making the journey south. Effectively isolated from the rest of Starke County, these residents asked that their land be annexed to LaPorte County, which was completed on January 28, 1842. Thereafter, the Kankakee River formed the southern boundary of the county. Finally, on January 10, 1850, some twenty sections of land were annexed from St. Joseph County to the east, giving LaPorte County the boundaries that essentially exist to this day.[8]

Whether the correct spelling of the city and county is "La Porte" or "LaPorte" is disputed,[10] although state law refers to "LaPorte County."[11][12]

LaPorte County is also famous for being the scene of the Belle Gunness serial murders. She lived on a farm on the outskirts of LaPorte County.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 613.26 square miles (1,588.3 km2), of which 598.30 square miles (1,549.6 km2) (or 97.56%) is land and 14.96 square miles (38.7 km2) (or 2.44%) is water.[13]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

The municipalities in Porter County and their populations as of the 2010 Census:

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

LaPorte County contains 21 townships, more than any other county in the state.[14] The townships, with their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Public libraries[edit]

The county is served by five different public library systems:

  • LaCrosse Public Library[15]
  • LaPorte County Public Library has its main location in La Porte as well as the Coolspring, Fish Lake, Hanna, Kingsford Heights, Rolling Prairie and Union Mills branches.[16]
  • Michigan City Public Library[17]
  • Wanatah Public Library[18]
  • Westville-New Durham Township Public Library has its main location in Westville.[19]

Hospitals[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

La Porte, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.8
 
30
12
 
 
1.7
 
36
16
 
 
3
 
47
27
 
 
4.1
 
60
37
 
 
4.3
 
71
47
 
 
4.8
 
80
58
 
 
3.9
 
84
62
 
 
3.9
 
81
60
 
 
3.3
 
75
51
 
 
3
 
63
39
 
 
3.6
 
48
30
 
 
2.7
 
35
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[20]

In recent years, average temperatures in La Porte have ranged from a low of 12 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −28 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.68 inches (43 mm) in February to 4.79 inches (122 mm) in June.[20]

Education[edit]

Public schools in LaPorte County are administered by seven different districts:

Colleges and Universities

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[21][22]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[21][22]

Court: The county has five elected trial court judges. They include the LaPorte Circuit Court and Superior Courts one through four. The judges are elected to six-year terms on partisan ballots. Superior Courts three and four maintain small claims dockets. Decisions from any trial court may be appealed to the Indiana Court of Appeals.[22] The Circuit Court and Superior court three are located in the city of La Porte; Superior courts one, two and four are located in Michigan City.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[22]

LaPorte County is part of Indiana's 2nd congressional district and is represented by Jackie Walorski in the United States Congress. It is also part of Indiana Senate districts 5 and 8[23] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 9, 17 and 20.[24]

County elected officials[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 8,184
1850 12,145 48.4%
1860 22,919 88.7%
1870 27,062 18.1%
1880 30,985 14.5%
1890 34,445 11.2%
1900 38,386 11.4%
1910 45,797 19.3%
1920 50,443 10.1%
1930 60,490 19.9%
1940 63,660 5.2%
1950 76,808 20.7%
1960 95,111 23.8%
1970 105,342 10.8%
1980 108,632 3.1%
1990 107,066 −1.4%
2000 110,106 2.8%
2010 111,467 1.2%
Est. 2013 111,281 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[25]
1790-1960[26] 1900-1990[27]
1990-2000[28] 2010-2013[4]

As of 2000, there were 110,106 people, 41,050 households, and 28,611 families residing in the county. The population density was 184 people per square mile (71/km²). There were 45,621 housing units at an average density of 29 persons/km² (76 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 86.26% White, 10.13% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.31% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.09% of the population. 25.9% were of German, 12.2% Poles, 10.2% American, 9.0% Irish and 5.5% English ancestry according to the 2000 United States Census.

There were 41,050 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 11.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 105.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,430, and the median income for a family was $49,872. Males had a median income of $36,686 versus $23,955 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,913. About 6.30% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.50% of those under the age of 18 and 9.00% ages 65 or older.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other = Combined percentages for American Indian or Alaska Native; Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander; other races; and two or more races

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USA Counties in Profile". STATS Indiana. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  2. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, Table DP-1, 2010 Demographic Profile Data. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ LaPorte County Government website
  4. ^ a b "La Porte County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ Calumet Beginnings: Schoon, Kenneth J. (2003)
  7. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 560. 
  8. ^ a b La Porte County Historical Society
  9. ^ History of 1838 Trail of Death
  10. ^ Stephens, Dave (2012-01-22). "La(?)Porte's Space Odyssey". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  11. ^ Indiana Code 33-33-46.
  12. ^ Indiana Code 3-3-5.
  13. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  14. ^ Daniels, E. D. (1904). A twentieth century history and biographical record of La Porte County, Indiana. Lewis Publishing Co. p. 38. 
  15. ^ "LaCrosse Public Library". Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  16. ^ "LaPorte County Public Library". Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  17. ^ "Michigan City Public Library". Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  18. ^ "Wanatah Public Library". Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  19. ^ "Westville-New Durham Township Public Library". Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  20. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for La Porte, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  21. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  22. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  23. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  24. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  25. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  29. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. 2008-2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table DP03, Selected Economic Charactaristics. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-28.
  30. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. 2008-2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table DP04, Selected Housing Charactaristics. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-28.

External links[edit]