La Poste (France)

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La Poste
Type Public limited company
Founded 1576 (1576)
Headquarters Paris, France
Area served France, Monaco, Andorra
Key people Philippe Wahl (CEO)
Services Letter post, parcel service, EMS, delivery, freight forwarding, third-party logistics
Operating income Decrease Euro 770 million (2013)[1]
Profit Increase Euro 627 million (2013)[2]
Owner(s) Agence des participations de l'État (100%)
Employees about 268,000 [3]
Website www.laposte.fr
French Post Box, in Kaysersberg, Alsace.
Ornate sign for a post office in Bourges.

La Poste is the mail service of France, which also operates postal services in the French Overseas Departments of Réunion, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana and Mayotte, and the territorial collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon. It is headquartered in the 15th arrondissement of Paris.[4][5] La Poste postage stamps are valid for use in the Overseas Departments, but not in the Territorial Collectivities, which issue their own stamps, separate from metropolitan France. It also operates the postal service in Monaco, while in Andorra, it operates postal services alongside those of Spain.

History[edit]

La Poste is derived from postal relays created by Louis XI in 1477 to transport royal messages and especially from the royal messengers service created in 1576 who were allowed to carry the mail from private citizens.[6]

In the early seventeenth century dates the origin of the postal administration in France, with the creation of the "letter post", led by General Superintendent positions. At the time the port was paid by the recipient.

The service was organized by the State for its internal communication and transmission of orders, reports, between different levels of administration.

In 1879 two administrations, the Post and the Telegraph are merged to form the Post Office and Telegraph. The Post, Telegraph and Telephone (PTT) were attached to the Minister of Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones.

On 10 May 1946 a decree created within PTT two branches: the DGT (Directorate General of Telecommunications) and DGP (Post branch).

1990s[edit]

The reform of 1990 split the PTT between the posts and telecommunications and transformed them into autonomous public enterprises. And 1 January 1991 is marked as the modern birthdate of La Poste and France Télécom.

2000s[edit]

The 1990s and especially 2000 were marked by the phenomenon of continued decline in mail volumes in the context of opening to competition of the postal markets in Europe. La Poste and gradually loses the monopoly of the routing and delivery of mail in France.

Since 2000 La Poste can offer its customers, through the Postal Bank, created this effect from 1 January 2006, all banking services in particular offer a full range of credits. The consumer credits are allowed from 1 January 2010. Post Bank has obtained the permission of government funding of legal persons.

In 2013 La Poste invested around 1 billion euro in renovating post offices, modernizing infrastructure and reinforcing the network, along with the purchase of electric delivery vehicles. Acquisitions included more Seur franchises in Spain, a 40% stake in Indian parcel firm DTDC and a similar stake in French parcel firm Colizen. The company also bought a 66% stake in freight forwarder Tigers. Via its joint venture with Swiss Post, Asendia, the Group acquired Pitney Bowes’ international mail business operations in the UK, and a 40% stake in Irish e-commerce firm eShopWorld.[7]

Activities[edit]

Mail delivery[edit]

La Poste carries a part of the mail in Metropolitan France using a special yellow trainset SNCF TGV La Poste, which travels at night between Paris, Mâcon and Cavaillon. The train makes 6 daily round-trips.

Parcels and Express (GeoPost)[edit]

GeoPost groups all the Express subsidiaries of La Poste Group. In France: Chronopost International, Exapaq. Worldwide: DPD,[8] Yurtiçi Kargo, Seur GeoPost.

Other activities[edit]

In addition to postal services, it also offers banking services (with La Banque Postale) and, via Chronopost, courier services. After the government, La Poste is the second largest employer in France. It also offers webmail, providing @laposte.net email addresses and hosts approximately 1.6 million active email accounts.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ La Poste Group profits hit by declining mail volumes
  2. ^ La Poste Group profits hit by declining mail volumes
  3. ^ http://th.sodexo.com/then/Images/PR-Consortium-LaPoste-Sodexo-ENG_tcm205-661299.pdf
  4. ^ "Contact Us." La Poste. Retrieved on 22 December 2010. "La Poste laposte.com V603 44 bd de Vaugirard 75015 Paris – France"
  5. ^ "Mentions légales." La Poste. Retrieved on 22 December 2010. "Siège social : 44 boulevard de Vaugirard - 75757 PARIS CEDEX 15."
  6. ^ Dates clés sur le site du Groupe La Poste
  7. ^ La Poste Group profits hit by declining mail volumes
  8. ^ “GeoPost and La Poste Group,” GeoPost (Global express parcel). Retrieved 25-04-2013.
  9. ^ (French) "Troubles with webmail migration". www.arobase.org. 2007-07-27. 

External links[edit]