La Quiaca

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
La Quiaca
Departamento Yavi (Jujuy - Argentina).png
La Quiaca is located in Argentina
La Quiaca
La Quiaca
Location in Jujuy Province
Coordinates: 22°06′S 65°34′W / 22.100°S 65.567°W / -22.100; -65.567Coordinates: 22°06′S 65°34′W / 22.100°S 65.567°W / -22.100; -65.567
Country  Argentina
Province Jujuy
Department Yavi
Elevation 3,442 m (11,293 ft)
Population (2001 census [INDEC])
 • Total 14,753
CPA Base Y 4650
Area code(s) 03885

La Quiaca is a small city in the north of the province of Jujuy, Argentina, on the southern bank of the La Quiaca River, opposite the town of Villazón, Bolivia. It lies at the end of National Route 9, 289 km (180 mi) from San Salvador de Jujuy (the provincial capital), and at an altitude of 3,442 m (11,293 ft) above mean sea level.

La Quiaca has 14,751 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. It is the head town of the Yaví Department, which includes also the towns of Barrios, Cangrejillos, El Cóndor, Pumahuasi, and Yaví. The area is serviced by an airport located at 22°09′02″S 65°34′39″W / 22.15056°S 65.57750°W / -22.15056; -65.57750.

La Quiaca is an approximate antipode to Hong Kong.

It has all the amenities of a modern city (potable water, electricity, sewer, Internet). This city is one of the north of the Puna which has all the basic facilities for the convenience of tourists, one of the most important urban settlement in northern Argentina.

La Quiaca, Jujuy.

In the country, this city is the classic reference to the northern end of the country, though in reality this distinction is held by the town of Salvador Mazza, or Pocitos, in the province of Salta. In 1985, after a three-year national tour, the renowned composer León Gieco released a folk album called De Ushuaia a La Quiaca ("From Ushuaia to La Quiaca").

Trucks at La Quiaca on the border between Argentina and Bolivia (with the town of Villazón (Bolivia) in the background).

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

La Quiaca has a cold semi-arid climate (BSk, according to the Köppen climate classification), with an annual precipitation of 334.6 mm (13 in). During winter months, temperatures during the day are cool, averaging 14.7 °C (58.5 °F) in July while the nights can get very cold, with temperatures dropping well below 0 °C (32.0 °F).[1] Precipitation is rare during the winter months although snowfalls are possible. During the summer months, temperatures during the day are mild to warm, averaging 19 to 20 °C (66 to 68 °F) although nighttime temperatures can remain cool. Most of the precipitation that La Quiaca receives falls during the summer months. The city is fairly sunny throughout the year, averaging 3410 hours of sunshine or 76.9% of possible sunshine ranging from a low of 62.5% in February to a high of 87.5% in July.[1] The highest temperature recorded was 27.1 °C (80.8 °F) while the lowest temperature was −15.2 °C (4.6 °F).

La Quiaca
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
80
 
20
7
 
 
68
 
20
7
 
 
48
 
20
6
 
 
9.4
 
19
2
 
 
0.7
 
17
−4
 
 
0.6
 
15
−7
 
 
0
 
15
−7
 
 
0.6
 
17
−5
 
 
2.8
 
19
−2
 
 
17
 
21
2
 
 
30
 
21
5
 
 
78
 
20
6
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Climate Charts
Climate data for La Quiaca, Argentina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
24.1
(75.4)
23.1
(73.6)
19.9
(67.8)
20.9
(69.6)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
26.3
(79.3)
27.0
(80.6)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
Average high °C (°F) 19.7
(67.5)
19.1
(66.4)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66)
17.0
(62.6)
14.6
(58.3)
14.7
(58.5)
16.9
(62.4)
18.4
(65.1)
20.5
(68.9)
20.7
(69.3)
20.3
(68.5)
18.4
(65.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
11.7
(53.1)
11.9
(53.4)
10.3
(50.5)
6.7
(44.1)
4.0
(39.2)
3.6
(38.5)
6.3
(43.3)
8.6
(47.5)
10.9
(51.6)
11.9
(53.4)
12.2
(54)
9.2
(48.6)
Average low °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
6.4
(43.5)
6.1
(43)
2.6
(36.7)
−3.4
(25.9)
−6.2
(20.8)
−7.3
(18.9)
−4.5
(23.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.5
(36.5)
5.1
(41.2)
6.5
(43.7)
1.1
(34)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
−0.7
(30.7)
−7.9
(17.8)
−11.0
(12.2)
−14.5
(5.9)
−15.2
(4.6)
−14.8
(5.4)
−11.2
(11.8)
−6.3
(20.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
0.4
(32.7)
−15.2
(4.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 87.3
(3.437)
67.1
(2.642)
63.1
(2.484)
11.9
(0.469)
0.0
(0)
1.6
(0.063)
0.0
(0)
0.7
(0.028)
2.1
(0.083)
19.4
(0.764)
35.4
(1.394)
82.0
(3.228)
370.6
(14.591)
Avg. precipitation days 18 14 10 3 0.1 0.2 0 0.5 0.4 4 9 16 75.2
Avg. snowy days 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.6
 % humidity 70 68 66 55 38 37 37 39 40 52 61 67 53
Mean monthly sunshine hours 263.5 228.8 269.7 288.0 297.6 285.0 297.6 303.8 291.0 306.9 303.0 275.9 3,410.8
Percent possible sunshine 63.5 62.5 70.5 82.0 85.5 86.5 87.5 85.5 80.0 78.0 76.0 65.5 76.9
Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional,[2] NOAA (extremes 1961–1990)[3]
Source #2: Secretaria de Mineria (extremes and sun, 1961–1990)[1]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Datos Meteorológicos Registrados en las Distintas Estación de la Provincia de Jujuy" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Retrieved October 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Datos Estadísticos (Período 1981-1990)" (in Spanish). National Meteorological Service of Argentina. Retrieved August 23, 2012. 
  3. ^ "LA QUIACA OBS Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 20, 2013.