La Resistencia (gang)

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La Resistencia
LaResistencia-narcocomunicado.png
La Resistencia replies to the Jalisco New Generation Cartel in a video through YouTube[1]
Founded Ignacio Coronel Villarreal of the Sinaloa Cartel
Founding location Mexico
Years active 2010−present[2]
Territory Michoacán and Jalisco
Ethnicity Mexican
Criminal activities Drug trafficking, kidnapping, murder, arms trafficking, robbery, assault[3]
Allies Los Zetas Cartel, Milenio Cartel[4]
Rivals Jalisco New Generation Cartel[5][6]

La Resistencia (English: The Resistance), also known as Cárteles Unidos (English: United Cartels) is a Mexican criminal enforcer gang composed by well trained gunmen from the Sinaloa Cartel, Gulf Cartel and Knights Templar Cartel dedicated to killing or expelling Los Zetas Cartel operatives from the Mexican states of Michoacán and Jalisco.[2][7][8][9][10]

History[edit]

La Resistencia gang was created by the Sinaloa drug cartel leader Ignacio Coronel Villarreal in 2010 soon after the encroachment of Los Zetas in Michoacán. Originally, La Resistencia was composed of gunmen from the Milenio Cartel loyal to the Sinaloa Cartel federation[11] with support of La Familia Michoacana to fight against Los Zetas and the Beltrán-Leyva Cartel.[9] Then, the Milenio Cartel was incorporated into the Sinaloa Cartel, while La Familia and Beltran-Leyva cartels were disbanded by federal security forces. In 2011, La Resistencia continued its violent campaign against Los Zetas by joining forces between the Sinaloa, Gulf and Knights Templar Cartels (splintered from la Familia).[8][9][12]

Switch of alliances[edit]

With the capture of Óscar Nava Valencia, leader of the Milenio cartel, and the death of Ignacio Coronel Villarreal, of the Sinaloa cartel, a power vacuum emerged and the Milenio broke in to smaller factions, being the most notable La Resistencia, headed by Ramiro Pozos El Molca and the Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG) headed by Nemesio Oseguera El Mencho, and started a turf war for the control of the region.[13][14]

On March 1, 2011, Mexican federal police arrested a man they claimed to be the leader of "La Resistencia" Cartel, Víctor Manuel Torres García, alias "El Papirrín".[15] On August 1, 2011, La Resistencia commander, Neri Salgado Harrison, was arrested in Michoacán by the Mexican Federal Police.[7][12] Salgado was also the head of the Apatzingan plaza, and directed the production of methamphetamine in clandestine drug labs.[10]

On September 11, 2012, Federal Police forces arrested Ramiro Pozos González a.k.a "El Molca". Mexican federal authorities identified him as the supreme leader of La Resistencia. He is blamed for the massacre of 26 people in Guadalajara on November 2011.[16][17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comunicado: La Resistencia al CJNG" (in Spanish). YouTube. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Vega, Aurora (7 August 2011). "Surgen cuatro grupos del narco en 2011; El Chapo es el capo más poderoso". Excelsior (in Spanish). Retrieved 2011-08-07. 
  3. ^ McCAUL, MICHAEL T. "A Line in the Sand: Confronting the Threat at the Southwest Border". HOUSE COMMITTEE ON HOMELAND SECURITY. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Decomiso récord de metanfetaminas en México: golpe ’histórico’ a narcos". ABC Digital (in Spanish). 10 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-08. 
  5. ^ "El narco en México recurre a violencia sin precedentes: ONU". El Informador (in Spanish). February 29, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-08. "Se trató de una venganza de la alianza del cártel del Milenio y "Los Zetas", en contra de los llamados Matazetas o del cártel Jalisco Nueva Generación." 
  6. ^ http://www.noticiaspv.com/presentan-al-erick-valencia-sucesor-de-nacho-coronel/
  7. ^ a b "Mexican police arrest Caballeros Templarios cartel member". Fox News. 1 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  8. ^ a b Garcia Soliz, Georgina (29 January 2011). "La Resistencia y cártel de Jalisco Nueva Generación se disputan la plaza: Nájera". La Jornada (in Spanish). Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  9. ^ a b c "La Resistencia y los Zetas se disputan la plaza de Jalisco". La Jornada (in Spanish). 26 July 2010. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  10. ^ a b "Caballeros Templarios Meth-Maker Arrested in Mexico". In Sight. 2 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-18.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  11. ^ http://www.zocalo.com.mx/seccion/articulo/diversifica-mencho-mercado-del-narco-1391193491
  12. ^ a b "Arrestado en México el líder del cártel Los Caballeros Templarios". Europa Press (in Spanish). 2 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  13. ^ http://www.zocalo.com.mx/seccion/articulo/diversifica-mencho-mercado-del-narco-1391193491
  14. ^ http://www.cronica.com.mx/notas/2012/689809.html
  15. ^ http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/notas/748158.html, Universal, March 2, 2011, Cae El Papirrín presunto líder de La Resistencia
  16. ^ http://www.informador.com.mx/mexico/2012/404090/6/el-molcas-uno-de-los-responsables-de-ola-de-violencia-en-jalisco.htm
  17. ^ http://www.informador.com.mx/mexico/2012/404044/6/capturan-a-supuesto-lider-de-la-resistencia.htm