La Rioja, Argentina

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La Rioja
City
05. La Rioja (2).JPG
La Rioja is located in Argentina
La Rioja
La Rioja
Location of La Rioja in Argentina
Coordinates: 29°24′45″S 66°51′15″W / 29.41250°S 66.85417°W / -29.41250; -66.85417Coordinates: 29°24′45″S 66°51′15″W / 29.41250°S 66.85417°W / -29.41250; -66.85417
Country Argentina
Province La Rioja
Department Capital
Founded 1591
Elevation 515 m (1,690 ft)
Population (2010 census [INDEC])
 • Total 180,995
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
CPA base F5300
Dialing code +54 3822
Website Official website

La Rioja is the capital city of the Argentine province of La Rioja, located in the east of the province. The city has a population of almost 150,000 according to the 2001 census [INDEC].

La Rioja is located on the foot of the Velasco Sierras, 1,167 km (725 mi) from Buenos Aires, and 430 km (267 mi) from Córdoba.

Former president Isabel Martínez de Perón was born in La Rioja. Another former president, Carlos Menem, was born nearby.

Climate[edit]

La Rioja has a semi-arid climate (BSh, according to the Köppen climate classification), with average temperatures of 5 °C (41 °F) to 19 °C (66 °F) winter and 21 °C (70 °F) to 35 °C (95 °F) in summer, but with maximum temperatures of more than 45 °C (113 °F). The average annual rainfall is 411.4 mm (16 in), falling almost exclusively during the summer when moist tropical air from the northeast enters the region.

Climate data for La Rioja Aero, Argentina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 34.5
(94.1)
32.5
(90.5)
30.1
(86.2)
26.8
(80.2)
22.9
(73.2)
19.1
(66.4)
19.3
(66.7)
22.9
(73.2)
25.4
(77.7)
30.8
(87.4)
33.1
(91.6)
35.0
(95)
27.7
(81.85)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
25.5
(77.9)
23.4
(74.1)
19.8
(67.6)
15.2
(59.4)
10.9
(51.6)
10.8
(51.4)
14.3
(57.7)
17.3
(63.1)
22.9
(73.2)
25.4
(77.7)
27.5
(81.5)
20.01
(68)
Average low °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
19.8
(67.6)
18.4
(65.1)
14.6
(58.3)
9.5
(49.1)
5.0
(41)
4.6
(40.3)
7.5
(45.5)
10.3
(50.5)
15.9
(60.6)
18.5
(65.3)
20.8
(69.4)
13.8
(56.83)
Rainfall mm (inches) 113.7
(4.476)
86.5
(3.406)
55.9
(2.201)
19.7
(0.776)
6.5
(0.256)
1.3
(0.051)
3.3
(0.13)
5.0
(0.197)
6.1
(0.24)
14.1
(0.555)
48.0
(1.89)
51.3
(2.02)
411.4
(16.198)
Avg. rainy days 9 8 6 4 1 0.6 1 0.8 2 2 5 7 46.4
 % humidity 63 68 70 71 69 68 65 55 52 49 54 57 61.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 245 224 205 198 202 180 205 239 228 264 252 249 2,691
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[1]
Source #2: The Weather Network (sunshine)[2]

History[edit]

Monument to José de San Martín, in the Plaza 25 de Mayo.

It was founded in 1591 by the governor of Tucumán Province.[3]

Colonial architecture
Naindo Park Hotel

La Rioja was always the principal settlement of the province. The only time it was surpassed in population was in the mid-19th century when Chilecito, a small settlement near the Chilean border based around the Hacienda Santa Rita, became the largest town in the province. It wasn't until the early 20th century that La Rioja regained the status of being the largest city.

Economy[edit]

The economy of the entire province is historically tied to cattle farming and agriculture, as well as wine production. But the beginning of the 1970s brought to the city an industrialisation thrust that makes La Rioja today an important centre in Argentina's pharmacological industry.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "La Rioja Aero". 19 August 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Climate Statistics for La Rioja Aero., Argentina". 30 December 2004. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  3. ^ "La Rioja". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 

External links[edit]