La Roche-en-Ardenne

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La Roche-en-Ardenne
Municipality of Belgium
La Roche: the town centre below its medieval castle
La Roche: the town centre below its medieval castle
Coat of arms of La Roche-en-Ardenne
Coat of arms
La Roche-en-Ardenne is located in Belgium
La Roche-en-Ardenne
La Roche-en-Ardenne
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°10.9′N 05°34.5′E / 50.1817°N 5.5750°E / 50.1817; 5.5750Coordinates: 50°10.9′N 05°34.5′E / 50.1817°N 5.5750°E / 50.1817; 5.5750
Country Belgium
Community French Community
Region Wallonia
Province Luxembourg
Arrondissement Marche-en-Famenne
Government
 • Mayor Jean-Pierre Dardenne (MR)
 • Governing party/ies MR, PS
Area
 • Total 147.52 km2 (56.96 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2012)[1]
 • Total 4,247
 • Density 29/km2 (75/sq mi)
Postal codes 6980, 6982-6984, 6986
Area codes 084
Website www.la-roche-en-ardenne.be

La Roche-en-Ardenne is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg and the arrondissement of Marche-en-Famenne. Lying beside a bend in the River Ourthe, the small town of La Roche-en-Ardenne is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Ardennes.

On 1 January 2007 the municipality, which covers 147.52 km², had 4,348 inhabitants, giving a population density of 29.5 inhabitants per km².

Geography[edit]

La Roche-en-Ardenne is located between the E25 Liège-Luxembourg and the N4 motorways.[2] More than 85 km² of the municipality is covered in forests and 50 km² is arable land, and only 8 km² has been built on.

Governance[edit]

In 1976 there was a merger of administrative districts in the area that resulted in the municipality of La Roche-en-Ardennes. Beausaint, Halleux, Hives, Ortho and Samrée were joined by Marcourt, formerly within the municipality of Rendeux.[3]

Like other Belgian Municipalities, the town is governed by a Communal College, whose membership is determined by the size of the population. In 2012, that was the Mayor, Town Clerk and 3 Alderman. An elected City Council determined what local taxes are spent and on what. As of 2012, this had a membership of 9 councillors.[4]

Economy[edit]

Walking, kayaking, and mountain biking are among the outdoor pursuits available here. The municipality's other main economic activity is agriculture. A business park was established on the plateau Vecmont to diversify the local economy.

More than half of the municipal area is covered with wood . The division between deciduous and coniferous is more or less equal. The ceramic stoneware of La Roche (cobalt blue pottery, glazed with salt) is a local tradition known, initiated in 1836 by Henry Hoffman, a native of Ransbach in the Duchy of Nassau. The production was revived in 1878 by the family Kalb and continued until 2009 by several successors. A permanent exhibition on this tradition.[5]

There is the Parc à Gibier, a small wild game park on the top of the plateau above the town.

History[edit]

La Roche is believed to have first been settled in the Neolithic era. There is a Celtic archaeological site dating between 850 and 520 BC.The Romans built a fort there following their conquest of Gaul and the Ardennes.[5]

The town's medieval castle was in use between the 9th and 18th centuries. It provided protection to the many barges that plied their trade along the local river systems. In 1331, permission to build city walls was given by John the Blind, King of Bohemia and Poland and a Count of Luxembourg.[5]

In World War II, the town suffered severe damage. Having been liberated by the Allies in September 1944, the town was recaptured by the Germans in December, during the Battle of the Bulge. The subsequent Allied bombing raids resulted in the town being liberated once more in January 1945, but left much of the town destroyed, and 116 residents dead. There is an American Sherman M4A1 tank and a British Achilles SP 17pdr displayed as monuments to the town's liberation.[5]

There are three main archaeological sites:

  • Le Cheslé de Bérismenil, a Celtic refuge
  • le Cheslin d'Ortho,a Roman refuge
  • Château de La Roche-en-Ardenne

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2012 (XLS; 214 KB)
  2. ^ "Geography". Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Governance". Retrieved 4 April 2010. 
  4. ^ "Council". Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d "History". Retrieved 4 April 2010. 

External links[edit]