La Roche-sur-Yon

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La Roche-sur-Yon
Square Napoléon and Saint-Louis Church
Square Napoléon and Saint-Louis Church
Coat of arms of La Roche-sur-Yon
Coat of arms
La Roche-sur-Yon is located in France
La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
Coordinates: 46°40′14″N 1°25′34″W / 46.6705°N 1.426°W / 46.6705; -1.426Coordinates: 46°40′14″N 1°25′34″W / 46.6705°N 1.426°W / 46.6705; -1.426
Country France
Region Pays de la Loire
Department Vendée
Arrondissement La Roche-sur-Yon
Canton La Roche-sur-Yon-Nord and La Roche-sur-Yon-Sud
Intercommunality Pays yonnais
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2012) Pierre Regnault
Area
 • Land1 87.52 km2 (33.79 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 54,116
 • Population2 density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 85191 / 85000
Elevation 32–94 m (105–308 ft)
(avg. 74 m or 243 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

La Roche-sur-Yon (pronounced: [la ʁɔʃ syʁ jɔ̃]) is a commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France. It is the capital of the department. Its inhabitants are called Yonnais.

History[edit]

The town expanded significantly after Napoleon I had chosen the site as the new préfecture of the Vendée on 25 May 1804, replacing Fontenay-le-Comte (then under its revolutionary name of Fontenay-le-Peuple). At the time, most of La Roche had been eradicated in the Vendée Revolt (1793–96); the renamed Napoléonville was laid out and a fresh population of soldiers and civil servants was brought in. Napoléonville was designed to accommodate 15,000 people.[1] In 1854, La Roche was described in an English guide as "the dullest town in France".[2]

The town was called successively:

Geography[edit]

The river Yon flows southward through the commune and crosses the town.

Administration[edit]

The Communauté d'agglomération "La Roche-sur-Yon Agglomération" contains 15 communes:

La Roche-sur-Yon is the chief town of the Arrondissement of La Roche-sur-Yon, which covers 11 cantons, 92 communes, and has a population of 230,386 (1999 census).

La-Roche-sur-Yon is chief town of two cantons, covering 12 communes, with a total population of 70,709.

  • Cantons: seat of 2 cantons (12 communes, 70,709 inhabitants)
  • Population with double accounts (1999): 52,947 inhabitants
  • Population without double accounts (1999): 49,262 inhabitants
  • Intercommunality (2004): Communauté d'agglomération 79,665 inhabitants

Main sights[edit]

Transport[edit]

The Gare de La Roche-sur-Yon railway station offers connections to Nantes, Paris, Les Sables-d'Olonne, Bordeaux and several regional destinations. The A87 motorway connects La Roche-sur-Yon with Les Sables-d'Olonne and Angers, the A83 with Nantes and Niort.

Sports[edit]

La Roche-sur-Yon's Vendéspace hosted one of the first round ties of the 2014 Davis Cup tennis tournament over the weekend of 31 January - 2 February 2014. France hosted Australia as both teams competed for a place in the World Group quarterfinals.

In 2015 La Roche-sur-Yon, will host the 2015 FIRS Men's Roller Hockey World Cup, the first time that a World Cup of roller hockey is held in France.

Twin towns[edit]

La Roche-sur-Yon is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graham Robb, The Discovery of France, Picador, London (2007), pp257-8
  2. ^ John Murray et al, A Handbook for Travellers in France (1854), quoted in Graham Robb, The Discovery of France, Picador, London (2007), p.258

External links[edit]