La Santé Prison
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|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (April 2013)|
La Santé Prison (French: Maison d'arrêt de la Santé or Paris - La Santé) is a prison operated by the Ministry of Justice located in the 14th arrondissement of Paris, France. It is one of the most famous prisons in France, with both VIP and high security wings.
The architect Joseph Auguste Émile Vaudremer built the prison, which was inaugurated on 20 August 1867.
During World War II, the prison was used to hold both common criminals as well as opponents of the German occupation. On April 30, 1944, 9 prisoners were executed. Combined with the 9 prisoners who had been killed already during the war, 18 were killed by the Vichy Regime. On Bastille Day in 1944, as Allied forces were approaching the city, the prisoners revolted, an insurrection that was put down with great brutality and loss of life by the Vichy Milice.
The prison features a hub-and-spoke design similar to that which had been previously implemented in the construction of Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
In 2000, the head doctor of the prison, Véronique Vasseur, published a book in which she denounced the very bad conditions of imprisonment, filth, illnesses, etc. The book was a shock to the public and prompted parliamentary evaluation of the situation.
Well-known prisoners of La Santé
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- Guillaume Apollinaire
- Clairvaux mutineers
- Alén Diviš
- Jean Genet
- Phan Chau Trinh (Vietnam Sep 1914- July 1915)
- Paul Gorguloff - killer of Paul Doumer (President of France)
- Jacques Fesch
- Willem Holleeder - infamous Dutch criminal
- Jérôme Kerviel
- Arsène Lupin - fictitious character
- Jacques Mesrine
- Francesc Macià - president of Catalonia (Spain)
- Lucio Urtubia - anarchist
- Ernesto Milá
- Manuel Noriega - deposed military dictator of Panama
- Maurice Papon
- Marcel Petiot
- Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, a.k.a. Carlos the Jackal
- Issei Sagawa
- Victor Serge
- Bernard Tapie
- Cheb Mami
- Cor van Hout
- Seth Gueko
- Mourad Dhina, president of Rachad, an Algerian opposition party, issued from the ISF, and based in London. He was incarcerated in January 2012.
- "Exploring the "underside of the maps". Interviews of Jean-Christophe Victor and Laurène L’Allinec." Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved on 20 May 2010. "One day, I was invited by the La Santé prison in Paris..."
- "La Santé - Etablissement pénitentiaire - maison d'arrêt." - Ministry of France. Retrieved on October 18, 2010. "La maison d'arrêt de Paris construite par l'architecte Vaudremer fut inaugurée le 20 août 1867, rue de la Santé"
- Expose of Brutal Prison Jolts France's Self-Image, The New York Times, January 28, 2000
- Davies, Lizzie. "Manuel Noriega, former ruler of Panama, sent to jail by French judge." The Guardian. Tuesday 27 April 2010. Retrieved on 21 May 2010. "Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, the Venezuelan terrorist better known as Carlos the Jackal, is currently serving a life sentence there.."
- Souchard, Pierre-Antoine. "French court to decide about Noriega's detention." Associated Press. 5 May 2010. Retrieved on 6 May 2010.
- Souchard, Pierre-Antoine. "Panama's ex-dictator Noriega jailed in France." Associated Press. Tuesday 27 April 2010. Retrieved on 20 May 2010.
- http://rapadonf.fr/blog/2010/06/seth-gueko-place-en-garde-a-vue-pour-coups-et-blessures (in French)
- Letter from prison "My parisian spring" - consulted on apr.12'
- (French) Dominique Vasseur, Médecin chef à la prison de la santé, ISBN 2-253-15173-4
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