La Sarre

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La Sarre
City
LaSarre.jpg
Motto: Oblivisci Nescius
Location within Abitibi-Ouest RCM.
Location within Abitibi-Ouest RCM.
La Sarre is located in Western Quebec
La Sarre

La Sarre
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°48′N 79°12′W / 48.800°N 79.200°W / 48.800; -79.200Coordinates: 48°48′N 79°12′W / 48.800°N 79.200°W / 48.800; -79.200[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Abitibi-Témiscamingue
RCM Abitibi-Ouest
Settled 1912
Constituted April 19, 1980
Government[2]
 • Mayor Normand Houde
 • Federal riding Abitibi—Témiscamingue
 • Prov. riding Abitibi-Ouest
Area[2][3]
 • Total 151.70 km2 (58.57 sq mi)
 • Land 148.74 km2 (57.43 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 7,719
 • Density 51.9/km2 (134/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 5.2%
 • Dwellings 3,617
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J9Z
Area code(s) 819
Highways Route 111
Route 393
Website www.ville.lasarre.qc.ca

La Sarre is a town in northwestern Quebec, Canada, and is the most populous town and seat of the Abitibi-Ouest Regional County Municipality.[1][4] It is located at the intersection of Routes 111 and 393, on the La Sarre River, a tributary of Lake Abitibi.

In addition to La Sarre itself, the town's territory also includes the community of Bienvenu, located along Route 111 west of the La Sarre River.

History[edit]

Before colonization, the area was home to the indigenous Algonquin who called the place Wabakin, from wàba and akin meaning "there is a mountain of hardwood", and called the La Sarre River Adikameg Sibi, which was also identified as Amikitik.[1]

The first white settlers, six in number, settled as squatters on the land in the late 19th century and were discovered during the survey of the township in 1908. Real colonization began at the time when the National Transcontinental Railway running through the Abitibi region was completed. The first permanent pioneer family arrived in 1912, followed by more settlers and development drawn to the area for its mining, forestry, and agricultural potential, and resulted in the formation of the settlement. In 1915, the post office opened, and a year later, the La Sarre Township was proclaimed, named after the La Sarre Regiment that was recognized for its part in the Battle of Carillon and the capture of Fort Oswego. In 1917, the Township Municipality of La Sarre was established, the same year as the Parish of Saint-André-de-la-Sarre. The Hudson's Bay Company opened a post in 1932, and only operated until 1941.[1][5]

In 1937, the village separated from the township and was incorporated as the Village Municipality of La Sarre. It gained town (ville) status on August 17, 1949. In April 1980, the town and township municipality merged to form the current municipality.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - La Sarre, Quebec[8]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 8,513 —    
1996 8,345 −2.0%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 7,728 −7.4%
2006 7,336 −5.1%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 7,719 +5.2%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - La Sarre, Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
7,665
7,510 Increase 5.8% 97.98% 65 Increase 30.0% 0.85% 30 Increase 20.0% 0.39% 60 Increase 33.3% 0.78%
2006
7,220
7,100 Decrease 5.6% 98.34% 50 Increase 66.7% 0.69% 25 Decrease 16.7% 0.35% 45 Decrease 18.2% 0.62%
2001
7,635
7,520 Decrease 8.0% 98.49% 30 Increase 20.0% 0.39% 30 Steady 0.0% 0.39% 55 Increase 450.0% 0.72%
1996
8,240
8,175 n/a 99.21% 25 n/a 0.30% 30 n/a 0.36% 10 n/a 0.12%

Economy[edit]

The main local resource is the forest, which covers over 4,700 square kilometres (1,800 sq mi) and provides lumber to the town's main employers Norbord and Tembec, as well as agriculture, with over 60% of its land under cultivation. The mining industry, together with small service sector businesses, complements the economy.[1][5] The area's flying needs are served by La Sarre Airport.

Municipal council[edit]

  • Mayor: Normand Houde
  • Councillors: Rita B. Barrette, Marcel Fontaine, Yves Dubé, Richard Mailloux, Sébastien Bélisle, Louis Côté.

List of mayors[edit]

Former mayors of La Sarre were:[9]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for La Sarre
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.8
(46)
20.5
(68.9)
17
(63)
29
(84)
31.7
(89.1)
35
(95)
37.2
(99)
33.3
(91.9)
32.2
(90)
26.1
(79)
17.8
(64)
11.1
(52)
37.2
(99)
Average high °C (°F) −11.7
(10.9)
−8.9
(16)
−1.8
(28.8)
7.2
(45)
15.9
(60.6)
21.5
(70.7)
23.5
(74.3)
21.5
(70.7)
15.7
(60.3)
8.7
(47.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
−8.6
(16.5)
6.9
(44.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.2
(−0.8)
−16.2
(2.8)
−8.8
(16.2)
0.8
(33.4)
8.9
(48)
14.3
(57.7)
16.9
(62.4)
15.2
(59.4)
10.3
(50.5)
4.3
(39.7)
−4.5
(23.9)
−14
(7)
0.7
(33.3)
Average low °C (°F) −24.6
(−12.3)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−15.7
(3.7)
−5.7
(21.7)
1.8
(35.2)
7
(45)
10.3
(50.5)
8.7
(47.7)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−5.4
(22.3)
Record low °C (°F) −47
(−53)
−47
(−53)
−43.9
(−47)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−12
(10)
−6.7
(19.9)
−2
(28)
−3.5
(25.7)
−8.5
(16.7)
−13
(9)
−34
(−29)
−44.5
(−48.1)
−47
(−53)
Precipitation mm (inches) 58.6
(2.307)
37.9
(1.492)
52.4
(2.063)
55.9
(2.201)
78.2
(3.079)
84.7
(3.335)
101
(3.98)
99
(3.9)
110.7
(4.358)
81.5
(3.209)
67.6
(2.661)
62.3
(2.453)
889.8
(35.031)
Rainfall mm (inches) 5.4
(0.213)
2.8
(0.11)
14.4
(0.567)
40.5
(1.594)
74.8
(2.945)
84.7
(3.335)
101
(3.98)
99
(3.9)
110.1
(4.335)
73.5
(2.894)
30.1
(1.185)
7.3
(0.287)
643.5
(25.335)
Snowfall cm (inches) 53.3
(20.98)
35.1
(13.82)
38
(15)
15.5
(6.1)
3.4
(1.34)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.6
(0.24)
8.1
(3.19)
37.5
(14.76)
55
(21.7)
246.3
(96.97)
Source: Environment Canada[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "La Sarre (Ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  2. ^ a b >"La Sarre". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  3. ^ a b c "La Sarre census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  4. ^ Région 08: Abitibi—Témiscamingue (page 3) PDF
  5. ^ a b "Histoire de La Sarre" (in French). Ville de La Sarre. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  9. ^ "Historique des maires" (in French). Ville de La Sarre. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  10. ^ Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 23 July 2010

External links[edit]