La Teste-de-Buch

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La Teste-de-Buch
Dune du Pyla
Dune du Pyla
Coat of arms of La Teste-de-Buch
Coat of arms
La Teste-de-Buch is located in France
La Teste-de-Buch
La Teste-de-Buch
Coordinates: 44°37′12″N 1°08′45″W / 44.620°N 01.145711°W / 44.620; -01.145711Coordinates: 44°37′12″N 1°08′45″W / 44.620°N 01.145711°W / 44.620; -01.145711
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Arcachon
Canton La Teste-de-Buch
Intercommunality Bassin d'Arcachon Sud
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Jacques Eroles
Area
 • Land1 180.20 km2 (69.58 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 24,384
 • Population2 density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 33529 / 33260
Elevation 0–101 m (0–331 ft)
(avg. 4 m or 13 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

La Teste-de-Buch (French pronunciation: ​[la tɛst də ˈbyk]; Occitan: La Tèsta de Bug [la ˈtɛstɔ ðe ˈβyk]) is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.

It is located on the south shore of Arcachon Bay, lying in the southwestern part of Gironde.

It is the largest of four communes that comprise the Communauté d'agglomération du Bassin d'Arcachon Sud (fr) (COBAS), a small metropolitan area of 54,204 population (1999 census). It is the eighth-largest commune in metropolitan France in geographical area.

La Teste-de-Buch is famous for the Dune du Pilat, the highest sand dune in Europe. It is also the site of a fictional battle during the Napoleonic wars depicted in Sharpe's Siege by Bernard Cornwell.

Geography[edit]

La Teste-de-Buch is located in the department of Gironde, in the middle of the Landes forest, and south of Arcachon Bay. It is the capital of the Pays de Buch. Neighbouring communes are Gujan-Mestras to the east, Arcachon to the northwest, and Biscarosse and Sanguinet to the south.

The Dune of Pilat is a famous landmark on the Atlantic coast, situated in the western corner of the commune. The seaside resort of Pyla-sur-Mer, the village of Cazaux, the bird refuge and sandbank of Arguin are also part of the town.

The Étang de Cazaux et de Sanguinet is in the southeast corner, astride the departments of Gironde and Landes. The rest of the commune area consists of old dunes, where the natural forest has changed little over centuries.

During World War I, an airfield has been created near Cazaux for airplane pilots training (fighters and bombers). Most of the American volunteers pilots of the Lafayette Escadrille came on the "Camp de Cazaux" to achieve their training as war pilots. When the U.S entered the war, the 36th Aero Squadron was based here.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 2,000 —    
1800 2,301 +15.1%
1806 2,306 +0.2%
1821 2,409 +4.5%
1831 2,840 +17.9%
1836 2,986 +5.1%
1841 3,447 +15.4%
1846 3,512 +1.9%
1851 3,399 −3.2%
1856 3,891 +14.5%
1861 3,601 −7.5%
1866 4,259 +18.3%
1872 4,462 +4.8%
1876 5,314 +19.1%
1881 6,063 +14.1%
1886 6,200 +2.3%
1891 6,480 +4.5%
1896 6,663 +2.8%
1901 6,840 +2.7%
1906 7,082 +3.5%
1911 7,023 −0.8%
1921 6,321 −10.0%
1926 7,815 +23.6%
1931 8,826 +12.9%
1936 9,496 +7.6%
1946 9,066 −4.5%
1954 11,281 +24.4%
1962 11,085 −1.7%
1968 15,064 +35.9%
1975 15,831 +5.1%
1982 18,038 +13.9%
1990 20,331 +12.7%
1999 22,976 +13.0%
2008 24,384 +6.1%

International relations[edit]

La Teste-de-Buch is twinned with

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]