La Tour-de-Peilz

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La Tour-de-Peilz
La Tour-de-Peilz - Musée Suisse du Jeu
Musée Suisse du Jeu
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of La Tour-de-Peilz
Canton Vaud
District Riviera-Pays-d'Enhaut
46°27′N 06°52′E / 46.450°N 6.867°E / 46.450; 6.867Coordinates: 46°27′N 06°52′E / 46.450°N 6.867°E / 46.450; 6.867
Population 10,993 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 3,435 /km2 (8,897 /sq mi)
Area 3.24 km2 (1.25 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 382 m (1,253 ft)
Postal code 1814
SFOS number 5889
Mayor Syndic (list)
Demonym Les Boélands
Lè Verra
Localities Burier
Surrounded by Saint-Légier-La Chiésaz, Blonay, Montreux, Vevey
Twin towns Ornans (France), Thalwil (Switzerland)
Website www.la-tour-de-peilz.ch
Profile (French), SFSO statistics
La Tour-de-Peilz is located in Switzerland
La Tour-de-Peilz
La Tour-de-Peilz

La Tour-de-Peilz is a municipality in Riviera-Pays-d'Enhaut District in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. The city is located on Lake Geneva between Montreux and Vevey (the agglomeration counting some 100,000 inhabitants).

History[edit]

In the area Celt, Roman and Burgundian remains have been excavated. In the Middle Ages it was under the bishops of Sion and the counts of Geneva, until it was acquired by Savoy.

On 8 June 1476, after a heroic resistance, its inhabitants were massacred by mountain warriors from Haut-Simmental, led by the Bernese Niklaus Zurkinden. Later the canton of Bern conquered the village along with the rest of the region. It remained part of Bern until the foundation of the canton of Vaud in 1803.

Geography[edit]

La Tour-de-Peilz harbor

La Tour-de-Peilz has an area, as of 2009, of 3.2 square kilometers (1.2 sq mi). Of this area, 0.95 km2 (0.37 sq mi) or 29.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.15 km2 (0.058 sq mi) or 4.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.15 km2 (0.83 sq mi) or 66.4% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.3% is either rivers or lakes.[3]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 46.3% and transportation infrastructure made up 13.9%. while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 4.6%. Out of the forested land, 1.2% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3.4% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 2.5% is used for growing crops and 11.4% is pastures, while 15.4% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in lakes.[3]

The municipality was part of the Vevey District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, and La Tour-de-Peilz became part of the new district of Riviera-Pays-d'Enhaut.[4]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per pale Argent and Gules, a Castle counterchanged.[5]

Demographics[edit]

La Tour-de-Peilz city hall
La Tour-de-Peilz street

La Tour-de-Peilz has a population (as of December 2013) of 10,993.[1] As of 2008, 25.6% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (1999–2009 ) the population has changed at a rate of 7.3%. It has changed at a rate of 7.8% due to migration and at a rate of -0.2% due to births and deaths.[7]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (8,490 or 83.0%) as their first language, with German being second most common (605 or 5.9%) and Italian being third (295 or 2.9%). There are 5 people who speak Romansh.[8]

The age distribution, as of 2009, in La Tour-de-Peilz is; 1,092 children or 10.1% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 1,233 teenagers or 11.5% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 1,152 people or 10.7% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 1,325 people or 12.3% are between 30 and 39, 1,702 people or 15.8% are between 40 and 49, and 1,313 people or 12.2% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 1,304 people or 12.1% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 969 people or 9.0% are between 70 and 79, there are 571 people or 5.3% who are between 80 and 89, and there are 104 people or 1.0% who are 90 and older.[9]

As of 2000, there were 3,882 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 4,881 married individuals, 726 widows or widowers and 741 individuals who are divorced.[8]

As of 2000, there were 4,870 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.1 persons per household.[7] There were 2,012 households that consist of only one person and 192 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 4,951 households that answered this question, 40.6% were households made up of just one person and there were 28 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 1,284 married couples without children, 1,164 married couples with children There were 296 single parents with a child or children. There were 86 households that were made up of unrelated people and 81 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.[8]

In 2000 there were 528 single family homes (or 44.5% of the total) out of a total of 1,186 inhabited buildings. There were 456 multi-family buildings (38.4%), along with 159 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (13.4%) and 43 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (3.6%).[10]

In 2000, a total of 4,780 apartments (88.2% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 456 apartments (8.4%) were seasonally occupied and 186 apartments (3.4%) were empty.[10] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 2.1 new units per 1000 residents.[7] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.35%.[7]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[11]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Villa Kenwin is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[12]

Twin Town[edit]

La Tour-de-Peilz is twinned with the town of Ornans, France.[13]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 24.28% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (18.15%), the FDP (14.12%) and the Green Party (14.08%). In the federal election, a total of 2,851 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 44.9%.[14]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, La Tour-de-Peilz had an unemployment rate of 4.5%. As of 2008, there were 64 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 13 businesses involved in this sector. 299 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 70 businesses in this sector. 2,236 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 259 businesses in this sector.[7] There were 4,762 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 46.3% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 2,141. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 40, of which 37 were in agriculture and 3 were in fishing or fisheries. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 280 of which 67 or (23.9%) were in manufacturing and 184 (65.7%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 1,821. In the tertiary sector; 323 or 17.7% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 22 or 1.2% were in the movement and storage of goods, 125 or 6.9% were in a hotel or restaurant, 27 or 1.5% were in the information industry, 22 or 1.2% were the insurance or financial industry, 565 or 31.0% were technical professionals or scientists, 310 or 17.0% were in education and 252 or 13.8% were in health care.[15]

In 2000, there were 1,181 workers who commuted into the municipality and 3,726 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 3.2 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[16] Of the working population, 21.9% used public transportation to get to work, and 57.5% used a private car.[7]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 3,859 or 37.7% were Roman Catholic, while 3,788 or 37.0% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 207 members of an Orthodox church (or about 2.02% of the population), there were 8 individuals (or about 0.08% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 545 individuals (or about 5.33% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 17 individuals (or about 0.17% of the population) who were Jewish, and 203 (or about 1.98% of the population) who were Islamic. There were 43 individuals who were Buddhist, 12 individuals who were Hindu and 11 individuals who belonged to another church. 1,303 (or about 12.74% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 482 individuals (or about 4.71% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Education[edit]

Swiss-German playing cards from the Swiss Museum of Games in La Tour-de-Peilz

In La Tour-de-Peilz about 3,931 or (38.4%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 1,857 or (18.2%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 1,857 who completed tertiary schooling, 46.3% were Swiss men, 28.0% were Swiss women, 14.6% were non-Swiss men and 11.1% were non-Swiss women.[8]

In the 2009/2010 school year there were a total of 1,221 students in the La Tour-de-Peilz school district. In the Vaud cantonal school system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts.[17] During the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 817 children of which 456 children (55.8%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton's primary school program requires students to attend for four years. There were 657 students in the municipal primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years and there were 543 students in those schools. There were also 21 students who were home schooled or attended another non-traditional school.[18]

As of 2000, there were 1,136 students in La Tour-de-Peilz who came from another municipality, while 406 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[16]

AGSB University is located in the city.

La Tour-de-Peilz is home to 1 museum, the Musée suisse du jeu (Swiss Museum of Games). In 2009 it was visited by 19,244 visitors (the average in previous years was 21,083).[19]

La Tour-de-Peilz is home to the Bibliothèque communale library. The library has (as of 2008) 19,223 books or other media, and loaned out 46,152 items in the same year. It was open a total of 227 days with average of 20 hours per week during that year.[20]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  4. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 4 April 2011
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 17-August-2011
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 17-August-2011
  8. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office (French) accessed 29 April 2011
  10. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  12. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  13. ^ Conseil des Communes et Regions d'Europe (French) accessed 27 April 2011
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  16. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  17. ^ Organigramme de l'école vaudoise, année scolaire 2009-2010 (French) accessed 2 May 2011
  18. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office - Scol. obligatoire/filières de transition (French) accessed 2 May 2011
  19. ^ Canton of Vaud Statistical Office - Fréquentation de quelques musées et fondations, Vaud, 2001-2009 (French) accessed 2 May 2011
  20. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, list of libraries (German) accessed 14 May 2010

External links[edit]