La Trinidad, Benguet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
La Trinidad
Municipality
La Trinidad Valley
La Trinidad Valley
Official seal of La Trinidad
Seal
Nickname(s): Strawberry Capital of the Philippines[1]
Location in the province of Benguet
Location in the province of Benguet
La Trinidad is located in Philippines
La Trinidad
La Trinidad
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°27′N 120°34′E / 16.450°N 120.567°E / 16.450; 120.567Coordinates: 16°27′N 120°34′E / 16.450°N 120.567°E / 16.450; 120.567
Country Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone district of Benguet
Founded 1950
Barangays 16
Government
 • Mayor Edna Cuyopan Tabanda
Area[2]
 • Total 70.04 km2 (27.04 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 107,188
 • Density 1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2601
Dialing code 74
Income class 1st class
Website www.latrinidad.gov.ph

La Trinidad is a first class[2] and capital municipality of the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 107,188 people.[3]

The municipality is known for its strawberry and vegetable plantations earning the town the title "Strawberry Capital of the Philippines".[1][4] The town currently holds the Guinness World Record for baking the world's largest strawberry shortcake in March 20, 2004.[5]

Geography[edit]

La Trinidad is bounded by Tublay on the northeast, Sablan on the west, Baguio City on the south, Itogon on the southeast, and Tuba on the southwest.

The municipality has a land area of 7,004 hectares (17,310 acres),[2] representing 3.16% of the provincial land area. The terrain is generally mountainous with springs, rivers and creeks. The town has a valley which encompasses several barangays. The valley floor elevation is at 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) above sea level. Elevation ranges from 500 to 1,700 metres (1,600 to 5,600 ft) above sea level.

Balili River is the municipality's main water drainage which carries upstream water from Sagudin River in Baguio City.[6] The river merges with another upstream river in Tuel upon reaching the border between Tublay and Sablan.

Barangays[edit]

The 16 barangays of the Municipality of La Trinidad[7]
Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population
1 Pico 18,271 10 Bahong 4,828
2 Balili 16,086 11 Shilan 4,330
3 Poblacion 10,594 12 Alapang 4,171
4 Tawang 7,456 13 Cruz 3,519
5 Puguis 7,163 14 Beckel 3,453
6 Betag 6,863 15 Alno 2,046
7 Ambiong 6,423 16 Bineng 1,487
8 Lubas 5,591 La Trinidad Total 107,188
9 Wangal 4,907

Climate[edit]

La Trinidad belongs under the Type I climate by the Coronas System of classification with distinct wet and dry seasons. The dry season is from November to April while the wet season occurs during the rest of the year. The climate is cool with temperatures ranging from 11.7 °C (53.1 °F) during the month of December at its coldest and 23.2 °C (73.8 °F) at its warmest during the months of March, April and May. The average daily temperature is 18.55 °C (65.39 °F). Wind velocity is 1.43. During the rainiest month of August, the rainfall average is 850.70 millimetres (33.492 in).

History[edit]

The valley encompassing La Trinidad was originally called "Benguet", a thriving community of Ibaloi migrants from Tinek, Ifugao. Colonial influence reached the area upon Spanish explorers Don M. Quirante 's discovery of the valley in 1642, and Lt. Col. Guillermo Galvey 's expedition to Benguet in 1829.[1] In 1846, Benguet was established into a commandancia politico-militar consisting of 41 smaller rancherías ,[8] one of which was the valley Benguet, renamed to "La Trinidad" in honor of Galvey's wife.[9] La Trinidad was established as the administrative headquarters of the Benguet commandancia during the Spanish Conquest of the Philippines.[1] [9][10]

With the establishment of Benguet as a province under the Republic of the Philippines in 1899, La Trinidad was made as its capital.[1] In 1900, American colonizers arrived, with appointed Benguet province civil governor H.P. Whitmarsh moving the capital from La Trinidad to Baguio in 1901. La Trinidad was made capital of the province again in 1909, after Baguio was converted into a chartered city.[1]

In 1942, Japanese soldiers occupied La Trinidad, Benguet.[citation needed]

On May 3, 1945, The Filipino soldiers of the 2nd, 11th, 12th, 13th, 15th and 16th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 1st Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary, and the 66th Infantry Regiment of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines - Northern Luzon or USAFIP-NL liberated La Trinidad.[1]

It was transformed into a full-fledged town from its former status as municipal district by virtue of Republic Act No. 531, approved June 16, 1950.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of La Trinidad
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 48,252 —    
1995 63,089 +5.15%
2000 67,963 +1.61%
2007 97,810 +5.15%
2010 107,188 +3.39%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][12]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture constitutes the economy of La Trinidad. The town supplies most of the Philippines' strawberries and cut flowers which include roses[13] .[14] The La Trinidad Vegetable Trading Post is visited by wholesalers and traders of vegetables from other provinces.[15] The presence of the Benguet State University in the municipality serves as a boost to agricultural research and development in the region.[16]

Its proximity to the city of Baguio attracts tourists, primarily to the strawberry fields in the valley, and lesser to the Benguet Provincial Capitol and the Rose Gardens of barangay Bahong.[17]

Education[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

The 23 public elementary schools of La Trinidad (2012-2013)[18]
School Barangay
Alapang-Camp Dangwa Elementary School Alapang
Alno-Kadoorie Elementary School Alno
Ambiong Elementary School Ambiong
Bahong Elementary School Bahong
Balili Elementary School Balili
Balukas Elementary School Shilan
Beckel Elementary School Beckel
Benguet SPED Center Wangal
Bineng Elementary School Bineng
Bodiweng Elementary School Bineng
Buyagan Elementary School Poblacion
La Trinidad Central School Poblacion
Lamtang Elementary School Puguis
Lamut Elementary School Beckel
Longlong Elementary School Puguis
Lubas Elementary School Lubas
Pagal Elementary School Shilan
Pico Elementary School Pico
Puguis Elementary School Puguis
Tacdian Elementary School Shilan
Talinguroy Elementary School Wangal
Tawang Elementary School Tawang
Wangal Elementary School Wangal

Secondary schools[edit]

The 7 public secondary schools of La Trinidad (2013-2014)[19]
School Barangay
Benguet National High School Wangal
Benguet National High School - Alno Annex Alno
Benguet National High School - Bineng Annex Bineng
Benguet National High School - Puguis Annex Puguis
Cordillera Regional Science High School Wangal
Eastern La Trinidad National High School Beckel
La Trinidad National High School Lubas

The municipality is also home to the following schools:

Notable people[edit]

La Trinidad is the burial place of:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Municipality of La Trinidad, Benguet". DILG-CAR. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Cordillera Autonomous Region". It's More Fun in the Philippines. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Largest fruit shortcake". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  6. ^ Susan Aro (11 October 2011). "Balili River wanting for clean, safe waters". Sun.Star Baguio. Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines), April 4, 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "History of Takdian (La Trinidad)". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. NSCB. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Profile of La Trinidad: LA TRINIDAD THROUGH THE YEARS". Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Republic Act No. 531: An Act to Convert the Municipal District of La Trinidad, Subprovince of Benguet, Mountain Province, into a Regular Municipality to be Known as the Municipality of La Trinidad". PhilippineLaw.info. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  12. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Catajan, Maria Elena (13 February 2014). "Benguet blooms in focus". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  14. ^ Agreda, JM (13 March 2014). "La Trinidad hopes strawberries will draw tourists". 9News Philippines. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  15. ^ Obnial, Angela (December 2005). "La Trinidad veggie trading post revisited". Bureau of Agricultural Research Chronicle. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  16. ^ Dumlao, Artemio (11 July 2013). "Benguet State U starts developing organic agri program". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  17. ^ Lago, Amanda (9 April 2012). "Benguet roses now a summer attraction". GMA News. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  19. ^ "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 

External links[edit]