|Launched||31 October 1953|
|Slogan||Regardez, ça vous regarde (Look, this concerns you)|
|Formerly called||INR (1953–1960)
RTBF La Une (1997–2004)
|Sister channel(s)||La Deux, La Trois|
|Website||Official site of La Une|
|RTBF DVB-T (FTA)||Channel 1|
|Telenet Digital TV (Flanders)||Channel 130 (HD)
|Telenet Digital TV (Brussels)||Channel 1 (HD)
|Telenet||Refer to local listings at zenders.be|
|VOO Digital||Channel 501 (HD)
|Belgacom TV (VDSL) (Wallonia)||Channel 1
Channel 40 (HD)
|Belgacom TV (VDSL) (Brussels)||Channel 1
Channel 40 (HD)
|Belgacom TV (VDSL) (Flanders)||Channel 40 (HD)
La Une – (Channel) One – is a Belgian national television channel, owned and operated by the French-language public-service broadcasting organization RTBF. La Une is considered to be the equivalent of its Flemish counterpart, Eén, the first channel of the Flemish broadcaster, VRT.
Experimental television was born in Belgium June 2, 1953 with the live broadcast of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II of England.
On 31 October at 20:30 from Studio 5 in Flagey headquarters of the National Institute of Belgian Radio (INR), Andrée Rolin officially opened the channel. After that, the announcer Janine Lambotte opens the broadcast with the new experimental television just born and broadcast 2 hours a day, 6 days a week. Transmission began with the French television news relayed by the RTF transmitter TV-Lille (France's first regional station), followed by the broadcast of the cabaret type and called Boum.
In the early days, the INR broadcast two to three evenings per week, with a strong focus in theater and drama, and is released on Friday and during the holidays. Wednesday and Sunday evening, the channel broadcasts its own productions. The rest of the programming were provided by the RTF. The first live sports coverage began with the FIFA World Cup 1954 and Monday sports from 1955. The first newscast premiered on September 1, 1956, produced entirely in Brussels and almost lack of images, except that the presenter reading the script.
The weather report already exists. For several years, it is in the form of animated cartoons corresponding to the time announced. These drawings are executed at the Royal Meteorological Institute Live from the frosted glass leaving only to see the drawing, a character with an umbrella or a radiant sun on bathers, etc ... done by Bob Boudard, a whimsical cabaret with a talented cartoonist (and also capable of whistling and interpret various musical pieces). Hidden behind the frosted screen, Boudard must interpret the bulletin theft when he arrived at the institute, often at the last minute by taxi drivers who have learned to know and who are ready to go to bring in time because it has various obligations that occupy Brussels, among others hold its street cafe "Dominicans", visit many actors from the theaters of Brussels city centre.
The Brussels World Fair 1958, the INR The Brussels World Fair 1958 INR gave an opportunity to strengthen its new television networks and supersede radio. The panel "Belgian experimental television" disappears from the screen, buses capture vest, Magazine Expo is broadcast daily for six months, and days of release and interruption during the holidays disappear. Every day, reports, interviews, debates and animations make the report of activities of the Expo '58. Investigations and Reports section introduces the first major magazine on Belgian television: Neuf Milions (Nine Million).
In 1953, there were only 6,500 television sets in Belgium. The INR transmitters were then located at the Palais de Justice in Brussels with a limited to a radius of 40 km reach. It was not until 1954 for transmitters in Liège and 1958 in Wavre, which can cover almost 96% of the French-speaking territory. In 1956, there are over 100,000 television sets, and in 1960, it reached the 700,00th mark.
In 1960, the Harmel Act replaced the National Institute of Broadcasting by Radio-Télévision Belge (RTB). The new facility included a Dutch public broadcaster (Belgische Radio en Televisie or BRT), a French public broadcaster (Radio-Télévision Belge or RTB) and an institution of common services. Both broadcasters are independent of each other and have full cultural autonomy, an organic vis-à-vis independence from the government and the guarantee of freedom of information. RTB/BRT is headed by a program director appointed by the King.
In 1962, the cable is indroduced in Liège and Namur and was later rolled out throughout the country in 1975, ending the monopoly of public television. Numerous programmes premiered such as Le Jardin Extraordinaire (1965), Le Week-end sportif (1967), the live broadcast of the Tour de France, the first political debates and election night and major reports abroad. In 1971, the RTB began its color transmission with Le Jardin extraordinaire and the News in 1973.
In 1977, a second television channel was created, RTbis, and the decentralization of production took place with the creation of regional centres in Liège and Charleroi. A new Production Centre was established in Brussels in 1979.
RTB became the Belgian Radio and Television of the French Community (RTBF) in 1977 by the decree of the Cultural Council of the French Community. RTBF offered cultural autonomy, a monopoly of radio and television broadcasting, freedom of information and of independence from the government. RTBF is governed by a Board of Directors whose members are elected in accordance with policy distributions within the Cultural Council. The Chief Executive is appointed by the Cultural Council.
The first television channel of the RTBF was renamed RTBF 1.
In 1983, RTL Television was launched and obtained the authorization of a radio relay between Luxembourg and Brussels; in compensation, RTBF receives access to non-commercial advertising in 1984. Financial contributions and the quote on the screen of commercial sponsors will be permitted in exceptional cases in 1987 to allow the RTBF organized the Eurovision Song Contest. The decree of the French Community authorizing the dissemination of commercial advertising by commercial channel RTL-TVI in 1988 put an end to the monopoly of broadcasting of the RTBF, but in 1989 another decree of the French Community authorizes the broadcast by RTBF advertisements trade to rebalance the situation. Management and marketing of advertising space is entrusted to TVB, a joint venture of public and private channels of the French Community (RTBF 1, Télé 21 and RTL-TVI). TVB, divided the advertising revenue between the two channels by 25% to 75% for RTBF and RTL. The system was later criticized from all sides and was discontinued in 1996.
RTBF La Une
In 1997, Parlement de la Communauté française made RTBF an autonomous public company, with RTBF 1 being renamed RTBF La Une along with RTBF 21 into RTBF La Deux. RTBF La Une became the first Belgian television channel to broadcast 24 hours a day, unlike its Flemish counterpart, BRTN TV1 (now known as één) where they have intermissions during the day. During the FIFA World Cup 1998 season, RTBF decided to air all matches on its two main channels, La Une and La Deux, so that the wider public has access to the full coverage, it later redistributes to transmitters that transmits La Une and La Deux on cable networks and also by analogue terrestrial, on the whole territory of the French Community of Belgium. This scheme continued after the World Cup.
On January 2004, RTBF La Une was simply renamed La Une. In 2011, La Une ceased broadcasting on analogue and La Une will start to broadcast in digital and especially, La Deux and La Trois (for viewers in Tournai.)
La Une is available in Brussels and Wallonia via Digital Terrestrial (DVB-T), cable (VOO & Telenet Digital TV), satellite via TéléSAT and Belgacom TV (IPTV).
In Flanders, prior to Digital switchover, La Une was also available in certain cities near the Walloon border in the following provinces: Flemish Brabant, East Flanders, Limburg, Antwerp and West Flanders via Analogue terrestrial, due to the terrestrial spillover.
Currently, La Une is now available on all platforms such as DVB-T, TV Vlaanderen via Satellite, Belgacom TV and Telenet Digital TV, which means La Une is now available throughout Belgium.
Visual identity (logo)