|Publisher||Javier Godó (Earl of Godó)|
|Founded||1 February 1881, as Diario de los Políticos de avisos y notícias|
|Political alignment||Liberalism, Centrism, Monarchism|
|Language||Spanish and Catalan|
|Circulation||196,824 daily in 2011|
La Vanguardia (Catalan: [ɫə βəŋˈɡardiə]; Spanish: [la βaŋˈɡwarðja], Spanish for "The Vanguard") is Catalonia's leading daily newspaper, printed in Spanish and in Catalan. It has its headquarters in Barcelona, Catalonia's largest city.
La Vanguardia, despite being mostly distributed in Catalonia only, has Spain's fourth-highest circulation among general-interest newspapers, trailing only the three main Madrid dailies -- El País, El Mundo and ABC, all of which are national newspapers with bureaux and local editions throughout the country.
Its editorial line leans to the centre of politics and moderate in its opinions. It promotes secessionism from Spain Catalanist stances and is considered close to the pro-business policies represented by Convergence and Union.
La Vanguardia's newspaper history began on 1 February 1881, when two businessmen from Igualada, Carlos and Bartolomé Godó, first published the paper. It was defined as a Diario de los políticos de avisos y notícias (Political Newspaper of Announcements and News), intended as a means of communication for a faction of the Liberal Party that wanted to gain control over the Barcelona city council.
On 31 December 1887, the paper published its last edition as a party organ, and the next day, 1 January 1888, the first day of the Universal Exposition of Barcelona, it presented a new, politically independent format with morning and afternoon editions.
It is one of the oldest papers in Spain, and is the only Catalan newspaper that has survived all the Spanish regime changes, from the restoration of Alfonso XII to the 21st century.
The newspaper prints daily in two parallel editions, one in Spanish and, since 3 May 2011, another one in Catalan. The Spanish name La Vanguardia is used for both editions (rather than L'Avantguarda, the Catalan translation).
Before the birth of the Catalan edition, letters to the editor submitted in Catalan were always left untranslated.
Notable contributors 
See also 
- La Vanguardia newspaper website
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