La Yesa

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La Yesa
Municipality and town
Municipal location in Valencia
Municipal location in Valencia
La Yesa is located in Spain
La Yesa
La Yesa
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 39°53′28″N 0°57′44″W / 39.89111°N 0.96222°W / 39.89111; -0.96222Coordinates: 39°53′28″N 0°57′44″W / 39.89111°N 0.96222°W / 39.89111; -0.96222
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Valencian Community
Province Valencia
Comarca Los Serranos
Judicial district Liria
Founded Independent from 1587
Government
 • Alcalde Miguel Ángel Sanahuja
Area
 • Total 84.7 km2 (32.7 sq mi)
Elevation 1,166 m (3,825 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 265
 • Density 3.1/km2 (8.1/sq mi)
Demonym Yesano/a
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 46178
Official language(s) Spanish
Website Official website

La Yesa is a small town and municipality in the comarca of Los Serranos in the Valencian Community, Spain. The name in Valencian is La Iessa, but the local language is Spanish, not Valencian.

Geography[edit]

The municipality covers an area of 84.7 square kilometres (32.7 sq mi) and as of 2011 had a population of 265 people.[1] La Yesa is located 21 kilometres (13 mi) north of Chelva and 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Valencia, off the provincial road CV-35 which links with the CV-345. It borders Abejuela of Aragon to the northeast. At an altitude of 1,166 metres (3,825 ft) above sea level,[2] the climate is dry continental, resulting in hot summers and cold winters (sometimes below 0°C), where there is frequent snow.

History[edit]

Location in the comarca of Los Serranos

The archaeological remains found in La Yesa attest to a settlement during Roman times.[3] Alpuente and La Yesa were also coveted by the Cid, who seized the land in the late eleventh century. In the Muslim period it was part of the Taifa Kingdom of Alpuente(ninth century), being conquered by James I in 1236 and delivered to Juan de Auñón in 1238.[3] In 1583, King Philip II of Spain granted the status of University and in 1587 it was declared an independent village.[4]

Economy[edit]

The municipal economy revolves around agriculture and livestock.[5] In 1611 wheat was reportedly sold for 110 sous in La Yesa.[6] The town has a growing tourism sector on weekends and holidays, which has fueled the growth of several shops and bars. Kaolin mining and construction are the main industries.[7] The municipality has close ties with the neighboring municipality of Alpuente, the town of which lies to the southwest of La Yesa.[8]

Notable landmarks[edit]

Notable hermitages include Ermita de San Juan, Ermita de San Roque, Ermita de San Sebastián (in disrepair) and the ruined Ermita de Nª Sª de Belén.[9] The principal church is the Iglesia de Nª Sª de los Ángeles, which was completed in 1622 in the Renaissance style with a square tower. The church was burned down in 1840 following the Carlist Wars but was subsequently reconstructed, completed in 1852.[10] To the left of the façade, recessed, stands the sturdy bell tower of ashlar masonry. Next to the Ermita de San Roque is the Monument to the Carlists, a cross composed of parts of a machine gun on an octagonal stone. The town contains the restaurants Tejería and Cerería.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Valencia: Población por municipios y sexo:Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero de 2011" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Santamaría, Concha (1 December 2004). Guía definitiva de los 10.000 espacios naturales de España (in Spanish). Mundi-Prensa Libros. p. 790. ISBN 978-84-8476-217-1. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Historia" (in Spanish). Municipality of La Yesa. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Real Academia de la Historia (Spain) (1959). Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia. p. 234. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Novísimo diccionario geográfico, histórico, pintoresco universal: descripcion física, histórica, política, comercial, estadística, industrial, científica, literaria, artística, religiosa, moral, etc. de todas las partes del mundo... (in Spanish). Librería Española. pp. 456–. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  6. ^ The Kingdom of Valencia in the Seventeenth Century. CUP Archive. p. 57. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  7. ^ Harben, P. W.; Bates, Robert Latimer (1990). Industrial minerals: geology and world deposits. Metal Bulletin Plc. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-947671-28-0. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  8. ^ Cavanilles, Antonio José (1797). Observaciones sobre la Historia natural, geografía, agricultura, población y frutos del Reyno de Valencia (in Spanish). mprenta Real (Madrid). p. 80. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  9. ^ Universidad de Valencia. Facultad de Filosofía y Letras (1992). Saitabi (in Spanish). Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Valencia. p. 153. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "Iglesia" (in Spanish). Municipality of La Yesa. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 

External links[edit]