La Liga

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La Liga
Liga BBVA.svg
Country Spain
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1929
Number of teams 20
Levels on pyramid 1
Relegation to Segunda División
Domestic cup(s) Copa del Rey
Supercopa de España
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions Atlético Madrid (10th title)
(2013–14)
Most championships Real Madrid (32 titles)
TV partners Canal+ 1
Canal+ Liga
Gol Televisión
Cuatro
TVE (Highlights)
__________________
beIN Sports
Sky Sports
Fox Sports
Website www.lfp.es
2014–15 season

The Primera División[a] (First Division) of the Liga Nacional de Fútbol Profesional (LFP), commonly known in the English-speaking world as La Liga (/lə ˈlɡə/, Spanish: [la ˈliɣa], The League), and officially named for sponsorship reasons Liga BBVA (BBVA League) is the top professional association football division of the Spanish football league system. It is contested by 20 teams, with the three lowest placed teams relegated to the Segunda División and replaced by the top two teams in that division plus the winner of a play-off. A total of 59 teams have competed in La Liga, nine of which have been crowned champions. Since the 1950s, Real Madrid and Barcelona have dominated the championship. Real Madrid have won the title a record 32 times and Barcelona 22 times. During the 1930s and 1940s and in the last two decades, however, La Liga has seen other champions, including, Atlético Madrid, Athletic Bilbao, Valencia, Real Sociedad, Deportivo, Real Betis, and Sevilla.

La Liga is the strongest league in Europe over the past five years, according to UEFA's league coefficient. La Liga players have won the highest number of Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year awards. La Liga clubs have won the most UEFA Champions League tournaments (14) and Real Madrid are the competitions most successful club, as a 10-time champion. Sevilla are the joint most successful club in the UEFA Europa League with 3 wins. La Liga players represent the highest number of the FIFPro World XI with 51 ahead of Italy's Serie A with 9. In addition, La liga players represent the highest number of the UEFA Team of the Year with 64 players ahead of England's Premier League with 33. La Liga is the biggest exporter of players in Europe. 211 Spanish players are currently playing in European leagues outside Spain. La Liga has the highest percentage of homegrown players for a major European league and the second most of any league in Europe with 62.4%. La Liga continues to be the league of choice for players considered to be the best in the world. In each of the last two seasons the player to win England's Premier League Player of the Season has immediately moved to play in Spain. Gareth Bale and Luis Suarez and previously Cristiano Ronaldo and Thierry Henry did so the following year. Games between Real Madrid and Barcelona are dubbed El Clásico. Other than the UEFA Champions League Final, El Classico is the most followed club football match in the world, watched by hundreds of millions of people. La Liga is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 30,275 for league matches in the 2011–12 season. This is the fifth-highest of any domestic professional sports league in the world and the third-highest of any professional association football league in the world, behind Germany's Bundesliga and England's Premier League.[1] Atlético Madrid are the current champions.

Competition format[edit]

The competition format follows the usual double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which lasts from September to June, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for a total of 38 games. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, and no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, with the highest-ranked club at the end of the season crowned champion.

Ranking of clubs on equal points[edit]

If points are equal between two or more clubs, the rules are:[2]

  • If all clubs involved have played each other twice:
    • If the tie is between two clubs, then the tie is broken using the goal difference for the two matches those clubs have played against each other (without away goals rule)
    • If the tie is between more than two clubs, then the tie is broken, using the games the clubs have played against each other:
      • a) head-to-head points
      • b) head-to-head goal difference
      • c) head-to-head goals scored
  • If two legged games between all clubs involved have not been played, or the tie is not broken by the rules above, it is broken using:
    • a) total goal difference
    • b) total goals scored
  • If the tie is still not broken, the winner will be determined by Fair Play scales.[3] These are:
    • yellow card, 1 point
    • doubled yellow card/ejection, 2 points
    • direct red card, 3 points
    • Suspension or disqualification to coach, executive or other club's personnel (outside referee decisions), 5 points
    • Misconduct of the supporters: mild 5 points, serious 6 points, very serious 7 points
    • Stadium closure, 10 points
    • If the Competition Committee removes a penalty, the points are also removed
  • If the tie is still not broken, it will be resolved with a tie-break match in a neutral stadium.

Promotion and relegation[edit]

A system of promotion and relegation exists between the Primera División and the Segunda División. The three lowest placed teams in La Liga are relegated to the Segunda División, and the top two teams from the Segunda División promoted to La Liga, with an additional club promoted after a series of play-offs involving the third, fourth, fifth and sixth placed clubs. Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history;

 
  • 1929–1934: 10 clubs
  • 1934–1941: 12 clubs
  • 1941–1950: 14 clubs
  • 1950–1971: 16 clubs
  • 1971–1987: 18 clubs
  • 1987–1995: 20 clubs
  • 1995–1997: 22 clubs
  • 1997–present: 20 clubs

Qualification for European competitions[edit]

FC Barcelona against Schalke in the UEFA Champions League in 2008

The top teams in La Liga qualify for the UEFA Champions League, with the first, second, and third placed teams directly entering the group stage and the fourth placed team entering the playoffs for the group stage of UEFA Champions League. Teams placed fifth and sixth play in the UEFA Europa League, along with the cup winners. If both teams in the cup final finish in the top 6, an additional berth in the Europe League is given to the team that finishes in 7th.

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

In April 1927, José María Acha, a director at Arenas Club de Getxo, first proposed the idea of a national league in Spain. After much debate about the size of the league and who would take part, the Real Federación Española de Fútbol eventually agreed on the ten teams who would form the first Primera División in 1929. Barcelona, Real Madrid, Athletic Bilbao, Real Sociedad, Arenas Club de Getxo and Real Unión were all selected as previous winners of the Copa del Rey. Atlético Madrid, Espanyol and Europa qualified as Copa del Rey runners-up and Racing de Santander qualified through a knockout competition. Only three of the founding clubs, Real Madrid, Barcelona, and Athletic Bilbao, have never been relegated from the Primera División.

The 1930s[edit]

Although Barcelona won the very first Liga in 1929 and Real Madrid won their first titles in 1932 and 1933, it was Athletic Bilbao that set the early pace winning Primera División in 1930, 1931, 1934 and 1936. They were also runners-up in 1932 and 1933. In 1935, Real Betis, then known as Betis Balompié, won their only title to date. Primera División was suspended during the Spanish Civil War.

In 1937, the teams in the Republican area of Spain, with the notable exception of the two Madrid clubs, competed in the Mediterranean League and Barcelona emerged as champions. Seventy years later, on 28 September 2007, Barcelona requested the RFEF to recognise that title as a Liga title. This action was taken after RFEF was asked to recognise Levante FC's Copa de la España Libre win as equivalent to Copa del Rey trophy.

The 1940s[edit]

When the Primera División resumed after the Spanish Civil War, it was Atlético Aviación (nowadays Atlético Madrid), Valencia, and Sevilla that initially emerged as the strongest clubs. Atlético were only awarded a place during the 1939–40 season as a replacement for Real Oviedo, whose ground had been damaged during the war. The club subsequently won their first Liga title and retained it in 1941. While other clubs lost players to exile, execution, and as casualties of the war, the Atlético team was reinforced by a merger. The young, pre-war squad of Valencia had also remained intact and in the post-war years matured into champions, gaining three Liga titles in 1942, 1944, and 1947. They were also runners-up in 1948 and 1949. Sevilla also enjoyed a brief golden era, finishing as runners-up in 1940 and 1942 before winning their only title to date in 1946. By the latter part of the decade, Barcelona began to emerge as a force when they were crowned champions in 1945, 1948 and 1949.

Di Stéfano, Puskás, Kubala and Suárez[edit]

Although Atlético Madrid, previously known as Atlético Aviación, were champions in 1950 and 1951 under catenaccio mastermind Helenio Herrera, the 1950s saw the beginning of the Barcelona/Real Madrid dominance. During the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, there were strict limits imposed on foreign players. In most cases, clubs could only have three foreign players in their squads, meaning that at least eight local players had to play in every game. During the 1950s, however, these rules were circumvented by Real Madrid and Barcelona, who naturalized Alfredo di Stéfano, Ferenc Puskás, and Ladislav Kubala. Inspired by Kubala, Barça won the title in 1952 and 1953. Di Stéfano, Puskás, and Francisco Gento formed the nucleus of the Real Madrid team that dominated the second half of the 1950s. Madrid won the first division for the first time as Real Madrid in 1954 and retained its title in 1955. They were winners again in 1957 and 1958, with only Athletic Bilbao interrupting their sequence. During this period, Real Madrid also won an unprecedented five consecutive European Cups. Barcelona, with a team coached by Helenio Herrera and featuring Luis Suárez, won the title in 1959 and 1960.

The Madrid years[edit]

Between 1961 and 1980, Real Madrid dominated the Primera División, being crowned champion 14 times. This included a five-in-a-row sequence from 1961 to 1965 and two three-in-a-row sequences (1967–1969 and 1978–1980). During this era, only Atlético Madrid offered Real Madrid any serious challenge, adding four more titles to their tally in 1966, 1970, 1973, and 1977. Of the other clubs, only Valencia in 1971 and the Johan Cruyff-inspired Barcelona of 1974 managed to break the dominance of Real Madrid.

The 1980s[edit]

The Madrid winning sequence was ended more significantly in 1981 when Real Sociedad won their first-ever title. They retained it in 1982 and their two in a row was followed by another by their fellow Basques Athletic Bilbao, who won back-to-back titles in 1983 and 1984. Terry Venables led Barcelona to a solitary title in 1985 before Real Madrid won again another five in a row sequence (1986–1990) with a team guided by Leo Beenhakker and including Hugo Sánchez and the legendary La Quinta del BuitreEmilio Butragueño, Manolo Sanchís, Martín Vázquez, Míchel and Miguel Pardeza.

The 1990s[edit]

Match between Deportivo de La Coruña and Osasuna.

Johan Cruyff returned to Barcelona as manager in 1988, and assembled the legendary Dream Team. Cruyff introduced players like Josep Guardiola, José Mari Bakero, Txiki Beguiristain, Goikoetxea, Ronald Koeman, Michael Laudrup, Romário, and Hristo Stoichkov. This team won Primera División four times between 1991 and 1994 and won the European Cup in 1992. Laudrup then moved to arch-rivals Real Madrid, and helped them end Barcelona's run in 1995. Atlético Madrid won their ninth Primera División title in 1996 before Real Madrid added another Liga trophy to their cabinet in 1997. After the success of Cruyff, another Dutchman – Ajax manager Louis van Gaal – arrived at the Camp Nou, and with the talents of Luís Figo, Luis Enrique, and Rivaldo, Barcelona again won the title in 1998 and 1999.

The 2000s[edit]

As Primera División entered a new century, the Big Two of Real Madrid and Barcelona found themselves facing new challengers. Between 1993 and 2004, Deportivo La Coruña finished in the top three on ten occasions, a better record than either Real Madrid or Barcelona, and in 2000, under Javier Irureta, they became the ninth team to be crowned champions. Real Madrid won two more Liga titles in 2001 and 2003 and also the UEFA Champions League in 2000 and 2002, and won their third league title in 2007 after a three-year drought. They were challenged by a re-emerging Valencia in both competitions. Under the management of Héctor Cúper, Valencia finished as Champions League runners-up in 2000 and 2001. His successor, Rafael Benítez, built on this and led the club to a Liga title in 2002 and winning the double with a league title and the UEFA Cup in 2004. The 2004–05 season saw a resurgent Barcelona, inspired by the brilliant Ronaldinho, win their first title of the new century, in addition to the Liga-Champions League double in 2005–06. With world class players like Raúl, Ruud van Nistelrooy and Gonzalo Higuain, Real Madrid won back to back La Liga titles in 2006–07 and 2007–08 season. Under Josep Guardiola's Dream Team, powered by La Masia talents such as Lionel Messi, Xavi, and Andrés Iniesta, Barcelona added three straight Liga titles (2008–09, 2009–10, and 2010–11). In the 2011–2012 season, Real Madrid won its 32nd title under the management of José Mourinho with a record-breaking points tally of 100, a record 121 number of goals scored, most overall (32) and away (16) wins in a single season in La Liga History. Barcelona coach Tito Vilanova matched the 100-point record a year later (2012–2013) season while battling terminal cancer. Atlético Madrid Won the 2013-14 title, their first in 18 years, and the first title in 10 years that Real Madrid or Barcelona had not won.

Teams[edit]

A total of 20 teams contest the league, including 17 sides from the 2012–13 season and three promoted from the 2012–13 Segunda División. This included the two top teams from the Segunda División, and the victorious team of the play-offs.

RCD Mallorca, Deportivo de La Coruña and Real Zaragoza were relegated to 2013–14 Segunda División the previous season: Mallorca were relegated after sixteen years in La Liga, the longest period in its history and ending their golden era, Zaragoza returned to Segunda División after a four-year tenure in La Liga, while Deportivo de La Coruña made an immediate return to the Segunda División after being promoted the previous year. All three teams were relegated in the last matchday.

The three relegated teams were replaced by three 2012–13 Segunda División sides: Elche CF returned to the top level as Segunda División champion after 24 years of absence and with the last 14 seasons consecutively in the Segunda División. The second placed team Villarreal was also promoted to La Liga making an immediate return to La Liga after a win over Almería in the decisive match of the last set of games where the winner would be directly promoted to La Liga. Almería returned to the Spanish top flight after spending two years in the Segunda by beating Girona in the promotion play-offs.

This was the first ever season since the 1988–89 season without any teams from the archipelagos of Spain (teams located on the Balearic Islands and Canary Islands) since RCD Mallorca was relegated and UD Las Palmas failed to be promoted after playing in the promotion play-offs.

Transfers[edit]

The most expensive transfer in the world was Gareth Bale who was bought by Real Madrid C.F. in 2013 for £85.3 million (€103.4 million / $140 million) from Tottenham Hotspur F.C..[4]

Stadiums and locations[edit]

Team Home city Stadium Capacity
Athletic Club Bilbao San Mamés 53,332
Atlético Madrid Madrid Vicente Calderón 55,967
FC Barcelona Barcelona Nou Camp 99,786
Real Betis Seville Benito Villamarín 49,745
Celta de Vigo Vigo Balaídos 34,800
UD Almería Almeria Estadio de los Juegos Mediterráneos 22,000
RCD Espanyol Barcelona Cornellà-El Prat 40,500
Getafe CF Getafe Coliseum Alfonso Pérez 17,700
Granada CF Granada Nuevo Los Cármenes 22,524
Levante UD Valencia Ciutat de València 25,534
Málaga CF Málaga La Rosaleda 30,044
Elche CF Elche Martínez Valero 38,750
CA Osasuna Pamplona El Sadar 19,553
Rayo Vallecano Madrid Campo de Vallecas 14,708
Real Madrid Madrid Santiago Bernabéu 88,744
Real Sociedad San Sebastián Anoeta 32,076
Sevilla FC Seville Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán 45,500
Valencia CF Valencia Mestalla 55,000
Real Valladolid Valladolid Nuevo José Zorrilla 26,512
Villarreal CF Villarreal El Madrigal 22,000

La Liga clubs in Europe[edit]

Real Madrid C.F. against Borussia Dortmund in the UEFA Champions League in 2013

In addition to their success in Primera División, Valencia, Real Madrid, Barcelona and Atlético Madrid are four of the most successful teams in European competition history. All four clubs are the only Spanish clubs to have won five or more international trophies. Whilst, Real Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia are also in the top ten most successful clubs in European football in terms of total European trophies.[5] In 2005–06, Barcelona won the UEFA Champions League and Sevilla won the UEFA Cup. The Primera División became the first league to do the European "double" since 1997.

The Primera División is currently first in the UEFA rankings of European leagues based on their performances in European competitions over a five-year period, ahead of England's Premier League in second and Germany's Bundesliga in third.[6]

Champions[edit]

Performance by club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning seasons

Real Madrid

32
22
1931–32, 1932–33, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1971–72, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90,

1994–95, 1996–97, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2011–12

Barcelona

22
24
1929, 1944–45, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1973–74, 1984–85, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13

Atlético Madrid

10
8
1939–40, 1940–41, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1965–66, 1969–70, 1972–73, 1976–77, 1995–96, 2013–14

Athletic Bilbao

8
7
1929–30, 1930–31, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1942–43, 1955–56, 1982–83, 1983–84
Valencia
6
6
1941–42, 1943–44, 1946–47, 1970–71, 2001–02, 2003–04

Real Sociedad

2
3
1980–81, 1981–82
Deportivo La Coruña
1
5
1999–2000
Sevilla
1
4
1945–46
Betis
1
0
1934–35

All-time La Liga table[edit]

The All-time La Liga table[7] is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in La Liga since its inception in 1929. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2013–14 season.[8] Teams in bold are part of the 2014–15 La Liga.


Pos Team Seasons Points Played Won Drawn Lost GF GA T Debut Since/Last App Best
1 Real Madrid 83 4110 2648 1560 538 550 5603 3027 32 22 8 8 3 4 77 1929 1929 1
2 Barcelona 83 3986 2648 1494 546 608 5562 3027 22 24 12 12 4 6 80 1929 1929 1
3 Valencia 79 3219 2550 1141 587 822 4226 3324 6 6 10 10 10 7 49 1931–32 1987–88 1
4 Atlético Madrid 77 3198 2500 1167 576 757 4334 3235 10 8 13 9 7 6 53 1929 2002–03 1
5 Athletic Bilbao 83 3188 2648 1157 609 882 4478 3571 8 7 10 5 7 10 47 1929 1929 1
6 Espanyol 79 2644 2512 908 580 1024 3473 3709 4 5 2 5 16 1929 1994–95 3
7 Sevilla 70 2619 2294 932 505 857 3489 3229 1 4 4 4 11 6 30 1934–35 2001–02 1
8 Real Sociedad 67 2415 2188 821 548 819 3080 3078 2 3 2 5 4 2 18 1929 2010–11 1
9 Zaragoza 58 2109 1986 698 522 766 2683 2847 1 4 5 4 4 18 1939–40 2012–13 2
10 Betis 49 1801 1652 585 419 648 2085 2377 1 2 3 4 4 14 1932–33 2013–14 1
11 Deportivo La Coruña 42 1701 1416 540 348 528 1929 2011 1 5 4 1 1 12 1941–42 2014–15 1
12 Celta de Vigo 48 1633 1584 543 362 679 2127 2453 2 4 4 10 1939–40 2012–13 4
13 Valladolid 42 1471 1466 463 384 619 1767 2180 1 1 1 3 1948–49 2013–14 4
14 Racing de Santander 44 1416 1428 453 336 639 1843 2368 1 1 2 1 5 1929 2011–12 2
15 Osasuna 36 1329 1280 422 317 541 1460 1740 2 2 2 6 1935–36 2013–14 4
16 Sporting de Gijón 40 1319 1382 454 339 589 1671 2018 1 1 2 2 1 7 1944–45 2011–12 2
17 Real Oviedo 38 1174 1192 408 292 492 1642 1951 3 2 2 4 11 1933–34 2000–01 3
18 Mallorca 27 1148 988 333 256 399 1182 1371 2 2 1 5 1960–61 2012–13 3
19 Las Palmas 31 937 1020 345 225 450 1249 1619 1 1 1 1 1 5 1951–52 2001–02 2
20 Villarreal 14 779 532 213 140 179 744 684 1 1 1 2 1 6 1998–99 2013–14 2
21 Málaga 13 627 494 166 129 199 626 699 1 1 2 1999–00 2008–09 4
22 Rayo Vallecano 15 575 566 165 133 268 662 947 1977–78 2011–12 8
23 Granada 20 573 628 197 144 287 714 943 2 2 1941–42 2011–12 6
24 Elche 20 565 640 192 172 276 715 960 1 1 2 1959–60 2013–14 5
25 CD Málaga 20 543 647 186 171 290 666 926 1949–50 1989–90 7
26 Hércules 20 538 628 184 149 295 716 1050 1 4 5 1935–36 2010–11 5
27 Tenerife 13 510 494 155 128 211 619 744 2 2 1961–62 2009–10 5
28 Getafe 10 480 380 128 96 156 450 502 1 1 2004–05 2004–05 6
29 Murcia 18 445 586 145 143 298 607 992 1940–41 2007–08 11
30 UD Salamanca 12 375 423 123 102 198 422 581 1974–75 1998–99 7
31 Alavés 11 366 342 111 68 163 417 585 1 1 1930–31 2005–06 6
32 Sabadell 14 353 426 129 95 202 492 720 1 1 2 1943–44 1987–88 4
33 Levante 9 347 326 96 77 153 359 495 1 1 1963–64 2010–11 6
34 Cádiz 12 343 448 104 127 217 393 662 1977–78 2005–06 12
35 CD Logroñés 9 293 346 96 92 158 291 489 1987–88 1996–97 7
36 Castellón 11 285 334 103 79 152 419 588 1 2 3 1941–42 1990–91 4
37 Albacete 7 277 270 76 76 118 320 410 1991–92 2004–05 7
38 Almería 5 210 190 54 48 88 209 302 2007–08 2013–14 8
39 Córdoba 8 210 244 79 52 113 263 362 1 1 1962–63 1971–72 5
40 Compostela 4 190 160 52 45 63 199 241 1994–95 1997–98 10
41 Recreativo de Huelva 5 188 186 50 46 90 202 296 1978–79 2008–09 8
42 Burgos CF 6 168 204 59 50 95 216 310 1971–72 1979–80 12
43 Pontevedra 6 150 180 53 44 83 165 221 1963–64 1969–70 7
44 Numancia 4 148 152 37 37 78 155 253 1999–00 2008–09 17
45 Arenas de Getxo 7 107 130 43 21 66 227 308 1 3 4 1929 1934–35 3
46 Real Burgos 3 96 114 26 44 44 101 139 1990–91 1992–93 9
47 Gimnàstic de Tarragona 4 91 116 34 16 66 181 295 1947–48 2006–07 7
48 CF Extremadura 2 83 80 20 23 37 62 117 1996–97 1998–99 17
49 CP Mérida 2 81 80 19 24 37 70 115 1995–96 1997–98 19
50 Alcoyano 4 76 108 30 16 62 145 252 1945–46 1950–51 10
51 Jaén 3 71 90 29 13 48 121 183 1953–54 1957–58 14
52 Real Unión 4 56 72 21 14 37 153 184 1 1 1929 1931–32 6
53 AD Almería 2 52 68 17 18 33 71 116 1979–80 1980–81 10
54 Europa 3 42 54 18 6 30 97 131 1929 1930–31 8
55 UE Lleida 2 40 68 13 14 41 70 182 1950–51 1993–94 16
56 Xerez 1 34 38 8 10 20 38 66 2009–10 2009–10 20
57 CD Condal 1 22 30 7 8 15 37 57 1956–57 1956–57 16
58 Atlético Tetuán 1 19 30 7 5 18 51 85 1951–52 1951–52 16
59 Cultural Leonesa 1 14 30 5 4 21 34 65 1955–56 1955–56 15
60 Eibar 2014–15 2014–15

League or status at 2014–15:

2014–15 La Liga
2014–15 Segunda División
2014–15 Segunda División B
2014–15 Tercera División
2014–15 Divisiones Regionales
To be determined
No longer affiliated with RFEF
Clubs that no longer exist

Players[edit]

Eligibility of non-EU players[edit]

In La Liga, players can claim citizenship from the nation their ancestors came from. If a player does not have European ancestry, he can claim Spanish citizenship after playing in Spain for five years.[citation needed] Sometimes, this can lead to a triple-citizenship situation; for example, Leo Franco, who is Argentine-born, of Italian heritage, and can claim a Spanish passport, having played in La Liga for over five years.[dubious ]

In addition, players from the ACP countries — countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific that are signatories to the Cotonou Agreement — are not counted against non-EU quotas, due to the Kolpak ruling.

Individual awards[edit]

Until season 2008–09, no official awards for La Liga existed. Following the 2008–09 season, the Liga de Fútbol Profesional, the governing body, instated the LFP Awards. Apart from these awards, many individual awards are given out relating to La Liga, although not sanctioned by the LFP nor the Royal Spanish Football Federation and therefore not regarded as official.

The most notable of these are four awarded by Spain's biggest sports paper, Marca, namely the Pichichi Trophy, awarded to the top scorer of the season, the Ricardo Zamora Trophy for the goalkeeper with the least "goals-to-games" ratio; the Trofeo Alfredo di Stéfano, for the player judged to be the best overall player in the division; and the Zarra Trophy is awarded to the Spanish domestic player with the highest goal total in La Liga.

Since the 2013–14 season, La Liga also awards the monthly Manager of the Month and Player of the Month awards.

All-time top scorers, top 20[edit]

Rank Nat Name Club Years Goals Apps Ratio
1 Spain Telmo Zarra Athletic Bilbao 1940–1955 251 277 0.91
2 Argentina Lionel Messi Barcelona 2004– 243 277 0.88
3 Mexico Hugo Sánchez Atlético (65/134);
Real Madrid (207/283)
1981–1994 234 347 0.67
4 Spain Raúl Real Madrid 1994–2010 228 550 0.41
5 ArgentinaColombiaSpain Alfredo di Stéfano Real Madrid (216/282);
Espanyol (11/47)
1953–1966 227 329 0.69
6 Spain César Rodríguez Granada (23/24);
Barcelona (192/287);
Cultural y Deportiva Leonesa (3/15);
Elche (5/27)
1939–1955 223 353 0.63
7 Spain Quini club 1970–1987 219 448 0.49
8 Spain Pahiño club 1943–1956 210 278 0.76
9 Spain Edmundo Suárez Valencia (186/210);
CD Alcoyano (9/21)
1939–1950 195 231 0.84
10 Spain Carlos Santillana club 1970–1988 186 461 0.40
11 Spain David Villa Zaragoza (32/73);
Valencia (107/166);
Barcelona (33/77);
Atlético (13/30)
2003–2014 185 352 0.53
12 Spain Juan Arza Sevilla 1943–1959 182 349 0.52
13 Spain Guillermo Gorostiza Athletic Club (106/140);
Valencia (72/116)
1929–1945 178 256 0.70
14 Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid 2009– 177 165 1.07
15 Cameroon Samuel Eto'o barcelona 1998–2009 162 280 0.58
16 Spain Luis Aragonés club 1960–1974 160 360 0.44
17 HungarySpain Ferenc Puskás club 1958–1966 156 180 0.87
18 Spain Julio Salinas club 1982–2000 152 417 0.36
19 Spain Adrián Escudero Atlético 1945–1958 150 287 0.52
20 Spain Dani Athletic Club 1974-1986 147 302 0.49
Spain Isidro Lángara Galarraga Real Oviedo 1933–1936 81 61 1.33
Spain Pichichi Athletic Club 1911–1921 200 170 1.18

(Bold denotes players still playing in La Liga.)
("Isidro Lángara Galarraga" is on this table because he has best ratio. At the beginning of the league was less league games in a season than now.)
("Pichichi Rafael Moreno Aranzadi" is on this table because he is legendary player, he had played before the league was formed, in Northern Regional Championship.)

Ballon d'Or[edit]

Official match ball[edit]

  • 1990–1994: Adidas Etrusco Unico
  • 1994–1996: Adidas Questra
  • 1996–1997: Nike NK 350 Geo
  • 1997–1998: Nike NK 850 Geo
  • 1998–2000: Nike NK 800 Geo
  • 2000–2002: Nike Geo Merlin
  • 2002–2004: Nike Geo Merlin II
  • 2004–2006: Nike T90 Aerow
  • 2006–2008: Nike T90 Aerow II
  • 2008–2009: Nike T90 Omni
  • 2009–2010: Nike T90 Ascente
  • 2010–2011: Nike T90 Tracer
  • 2011–2012: Nike Seitiro
  • 2012–2013: Nike Maxim
  • 2013–2014: Nike Incyte
  • 2014–2015: Nike Ordem

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Spanish pronunciation: [pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon].

References[edit]

  1. ^ "European football statistics". 2008. 
  2. ^ "Reglamento General de la RFEF 2010 (Artículo 201.2) (page 138)" (in Spanish). RFEF. 7 June 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  3. ^ "Criterios de puntuación del juego limpio" (in Spanish). RFEF. 30 October 1998. Retrieved 18 May 2010. 
  4. ^ AFP (15 October 2013). "Bale's transfer fee revealed". AFP. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "UEFA club competitions press kit (.PDF archive, page 23)". UEFA Official Website. Retrieved 25 August 2006. 
  6. ^ "UEFA ranking of European leagues". Bert Kassies. May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Clasificación Histórica Liga BBVA". LFP. 14 May 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  8. ^ All Time Table of Spanish team in La Liga Rsssf.com
  9. ^ http://www.marca.com/2013/01/04/multimedia/graficos/1357327736.html

External links[edit]