Laax

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Not to be confused with Lax, Switzerland.
Laax
Laax -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Laax
Canton Graubünden
District Surselva
46°48′N 9°15′E / 46.800°N 9.250°E / 46.800; 9.250Coordinates: 46°48′N 9°15′E / 46.800°N 9.250°E / 46.800; 9.250
Population 1,506 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 48 /km2 (123 /sq mi)
Area 31.71 km2 (12.24 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,016 m (3,333 ft)
Postal code 7031
SFOS number 3575
Surrounded by Elm (GL), Falera, Flims, Ruschein, Sagogn, Schluein
Website www.laax-gr.ch
SFSO statistics
Laax is located in Switzerland
Laax
Laax

Laax (Romansh: Lags) is a municipality in the district of Surselva in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Laax is first mentioned around 1290-98 as Lags.[3]

Geography[edit]

Laax Lake

Laax has an area, as of 2006, of 31.7 km2 (12.2 sq mi). Of this area, 35.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (29.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] The municipality is located in the Ilanz sub-district of the Surselva district. The municipality of Laax stretches from the village itself, to Plaun and the Vorab, in the skiing area. This is all one valley and the river eventually flows to the Rhine river. It consists of the village of Laax and the hamlets of Salums, Cons, Laax Murschetg, and Laax Dorf. The ski-lifts are in Laax Murschetg.

A small lake, Laaxersee (Lag Grond), is located in the village.

The village has views of the Signina group to the south and the Flimserstein to the north. The main facilities in the village include a swimming pool, a small supermarket, a post office and several shops, including a bakery.

Demographics[edit]

Laax has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 1,506.[1] As of 2008, 16.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 5.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (50.3%), with Romansh being second most common (40.1%) and Portuguese being third ( 3.9%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 51.1% male and 48.9% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Laax is; 102 children or 8.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 147 teenagers or 12.8% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 152 people or 13.2% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 212 people or 18.4% are between 30 and 39, 171 people or 14.9% are between 40 and 49, and 184 people or 16.0% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 110 people or 9.6% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 49 people or 4.3% are between 70 and 79, there are 23 people or 2.0% who are between 80 and 89.[5]

In the 2011 last federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 26.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (24.5%), the BDP (18.3%), and the FDP (13.3%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Laax about 74.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Laax has an unemployment rate of 1.58%. As of 2005, there were 27 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 61 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 14 businesses in this sector. 521 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 88 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 788 or 68.5% are Roman Catholic, while 240 or 20.9% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 12 individuals (or about 1.04% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church. There are 18 (or about 1.57% of the population) who are Muslims. There are 7 individuals (or about 0.61% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 70 (or about 6.09% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 15 individuals (or about 1.30% of the population) did not answer the question.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1850 277
1900 280
1950 328
1970 480
2000 1,150

Ski-region of Flims, Laax and Falera[edit]

LAAX is part of the The Weisse Arena Gruppe, which combines the formerly separate resorts of Flims, Laax and Falera and uses a two brand strategy to market the destination. This means that the entire winter programme is positioned under brand LAAX, whilst brand Flims stands for the summer programme of Flims Laax Falera. [7][8]


LAAX

235 km pistes with 5 snow-secure valley runs, 29 facilities, 4 snowparks and the largest half pipe await snowboarders and skiers at LAAX. For the winter 2012/13 season it was extended by two further cableways: Treis Palas-Crap Masegn and Plaun Lavadinas-Fuorcla Sura, which was designed by the Porsche Design Studio. Its seats are heated by solar panels and it can swing the chair 45 degrees against the direction of travel. [9]


Freestyle

By building 4 Snowparks with beginner to pro kicker, rails, wallrides or boxes around the Crap Sogn Gion, LAAX managed to create a big freestyle community. The skiarea is home to the largest halfpipe in Europe.


Events

Every year, important international snowboarding contests take place in LAAX. For example the Burton European Open, a slopestyle and halfpipe competition, will be held there for the 10th time in February 2014. With the European Freeski Open LAAX also has a renowned freeskiing competition.


Freestyle Academy

In addition to the freestyle infrastructure on the mountain, there is the first freestyle indoor base in Europe at the base station: the Freestyle Academy. It features trampolines, various skateboarding infrastructure, boulderarea, airtrack, slackline and in the middle of the hall there are different sized kickers for skier, biker, snowboarder or skater into a foampit for a safe landing.


Accommodation

Riders Palace is a hotel for snowboarders and skiers and is part of the Design Hotels group. In 2009 the rocksresort, also a member of the Design Hotels group, was opened. There are apartments to buy or rent. Through the "Buy to use and let" plan the owner's apartment will be let when they are not using it themselves. The rental income from all the apartments is collected with a pooling system and then paid out proportionately to the owners. [10]


Flims

In addition to winter sports, Flims Laax Falera is also known for summer sports such as hiking, downhill biking, and mountain biking which are positioned under brand Flims

In popular culture[edit]

In 2004 the resort was featured in the popular Xbox snowboarding video game which sold more than one million copies, Amped 2, and then in 2005 in the sequel Amped 3 on the Xbox 360.

In fiction[edit]

The chapters No Rainbow and The Legend of The Fall in the English language novel Angel by Sebastian Michael are almost entirely set in Laax. (Optimist Books, 2009) ISBN 978-1409228967 (Hardback) ISBN 978-1409229001 (Paperback)

References[edit]

External links[edit]