Labé

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Labé
Sub-prefecture and town
Labé centre
Labé centre
Labé is located in Guinea
Labé
Labé
Location in Guinea
Coordinates: 11°19′N 12°17′W / 11.317°N 12.283°W / 11.317; -12.283
Country  Guinea
Region Labe Region
Elevation 3,366 ft (1,026 m)
Population (2008)
 • Total 58,649

Labé is the main city and administrative capital of the Fouta Djallon region of Guinea. It has a population of about 200.000. It is the second largest city in the country after the capital Conakry in terms of economic importance. Labé is situated some 450 km northeast of Conakry close to the geographic centre of Guinea.

History[edit]

The city was founded around 1755 by Karamoko Alpha mo Labé, an Islamic religious leader who introduced Islam in the region in the 18th century and who founded a theocratic state in Fouta Djallon.

The city was the capital of the Diwal province prior to French colonisation. It was home to Muslim leaders and scholars who resisted colonisation, such as Alpha Yaya Diallo. Labe is the most important city in the Moyenne (Middle)Guinee region also known as Fouta Djallon. Labe is considered as a major cultural and religious center in West Africa, especially among the Fulani people. Many Muslim scholars made Labe a famous learning place in Islamic studies. The most prominent of the erudites being Alfa Oumarou Rafiou (Dara Labe), Thierno Doura Sombili, Thierno Diawo Pellel, Thierno Aliou Bhouba Dian.

Economy[edit]

Labé is an important commercial centre in the region, arising out of its strategic geographical position between several other countries. Traders from nearby regions such as Pita, Tougué, Koubia, Lélouma, Mali Yemberin and other countries including Mali, Senegal, the Gambia and Sierra Leone gather in Labé. Its central market is the second largest in the country after the Madina market in Conakry. Trade or commerce has become the main activity in the city, but Labe also has a small manufacturing industry consisting mainly of shoe making, textile, carpentry, blacksmithing... It is known for weaving and honey. The city also benefits from a considerable diaspora whose repatriated income contributes significantly to infrastructural development in Labé and helps to overcome the region's relatively poorer revenue stream. Merchants from the city dominate the informal economy in most Guinean cities and are also economically active in cities further afield, such as Dakar, Bamako, Abidjan, Bissau and Freetown.

The city also has a museum and an airport, while the Saala Falls and Mount Kolima lie nearby.

The town is served by Tata Airport. A jet-capable airport near Labé was built by Cuban engineers in 1973.[1]

Climate[edit]

Labé has a tropical savanna climate with extreme differences between day and night. It is hot all year round (yet cold to warm at night). About 1500 mm of rain fall annually, mostly on summer.

Climate data for Labé, Guinea
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.8
(89.2)
33.3
(91.9)
34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
33.8
(92.8)
30.8
(87.4)
28.3
(82.9)
27.7
(81.9)
28.2
(82.8)
28.8
(83.8)
31.0
(87.8)
30.5
(86.9)
31.08
(87.93)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
21.3
(70.3)
23.2
(73.8)
26.1
(79)
24.3
(75.7)
22.9
(73.2)
20.6
(69.1)
21.5
(70.7)
21.5
(70.7)
21.6
(70.9)
18.8
(65.8)
19.1
(66.4)
21.69
(71.04)
Average low °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
4.7
(40.5)
5.2
(41.4)
12.2
(54)
15.1
(59.2)
15.2
(59.4)
15.0
(59)
15.5
(59.9)
14.8
(58.6)
13.0
(55.4)
8.4
(47.1)
6.1
(43)
10.91
(51.65)
Precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.08)
4
(0.16)
9
(0.35)
35
(1.38)
141
(5.55)
233
(9.17)
315
(12.4)
340
(13.39)
288
(11.34)
141
(5.55)
34
(1.34)
2
(0.08)
1,544
(60.79)
Avg. precipitation days 0 0 1 3 11 15 20 22 21 12 2 1 108
Mean monthly sunshine hours 269.7 257.0 260.4 231.0 210.8 180.0 148.8 130.2 159.0 195.3 237.0 257.3 2,536.5
Source: Hong Kong Observatory,[2]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harold D. Nelson, Area Handbook for Guinea, Department of the Army Pamphlet 550-174, 1975, p.333
  2. ^ "Climatological Information for Labe, Guinea". Hong Kong Observatory. 

Coordinates: 11°19′N 12°17′W / 11.317°N 12.283°W / 11.317; -12.283