Labanoras

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Labanoras
Town
Labanoras003.JPG
Coat of arms of Labanoras
Coat of arms
Labanoras is located in Lithuania
Labanoras
Labanoras
Location in Lithuania
Coordinates: 55°16′00″N 25°46′20″E / 55.26667°N 25.77222°E / 55.26667; 25.77222Coordinates: 55°16′00″N 25°46′20″E / 55.26667°N 25.77222°E / 55.26667; 25.77222
Country  Lithuania
County Vilnius County
Municipality Švenčionys district municipality
Eldership Labanoras eldership
Capital of Labanoras eldership
First mentioned 1373
Population (2001)
 • Total 75
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Labanoras church was built in 1820 and burned down in 2009

Labanoras is a small town within the Labanoras Regional Park in Lithuania. It is situated on Lake Labanoras and is surrounded by the Labanoras Forest, the largest forest in Lithuania. As a center of the regional park, the town attracts tourists. A hotel and restaurant were opened in a former school building in 2003.[1] According to the 2001 census, the town had 75 residents.[2]

Its alternate names include Labanary, Labanoro, Łabonary (Polish), and Labanore (Yiddish).[3][4]

The settlement is known from 1373.[5] In 1386, Grand Duke Jogaila gifted Labanoras and other settlements to the newly established Diocese of Vilnius.[6] In 1965 a hoard of about 470 coins was found near the town cemetery. It contained Prague groschens minted by Charles IV (1316–1378) and Wenceslaus (1361–1419) as well as early coins from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by Vytautas (1350–1430) and Casimir IV Jagiellon (1427–1492). It is believed that the treasure was buried during the 1470s.[7] The first church was mentioned in 1522, folwark in 1539, manor in 1568, parish school in 1781.[5] The town had 196 residents in 1866, 443 in 1923, 264 in 1959, and 186 in 1979.[5]

A miraculous painting of Mother of God was first mentioned during a canonical visitation in 1655.[6] A wooden church was built in 1820, but it burned down in December 2009. As of January 2011, no official report had been released. Unofficially, the possibility of an accidental fire due to faulty electrical installation was ruled out leaving arson as the main suspect.[8] It is believed that the church was robbed of its over 30 valuable paintings (15 of them were state-protected monuments of art) and then burned to cover up the crime.[8] During the cleanup, 1,017 coins (German pfennigs, Russian kopeks, Lithuanian centas) were found under the burned altar.[9] A reconstruction is underway, financed by the government and private donations.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Labanoras". Hotel and Restaurant Labanoras. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  2. ^ (Lithuanian) Vilniaus apskrities kaimo gyvenamosios vietovės ir jų gyventojai. Vilnius: Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. 2003. p. 68. ISBN 9955-588-04-7. 
  3. ^ United States Board on Geographic Names – Lithuania – Labanoras. Accessed January 28, 2014.
  4. ^ Dov Levin (2000). The Litvaks: A Short History of the Jews in Lithuania. Berghahn Books. p. 273. ISBN 978-1-57181-264-3. 
  5. ^ a b c (Lithuanian) Jonas Zinkus, et al., ed. (1985–1988). "Labanoras". Tarybų Lietuvos enciklopedija 2. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vyriausioji enciklopedijų redakcija. p. 462. LCC 86232954. 
  6. ^ a b (Lithuanian) Kviklys, Bronius (1964). Mūsų Lietuva I. Boston: Lietuvių enciklopedijos leidykla. pp. 746–745. OCLC 3303503. 
  7. ^ (Lithuanian) Smilgevičius, Vytautas (2001). "Labanoro lobio Prahos grašiai Lietuvos muziejų rinkiniuose". Archaeologia Lituana 2: 143. ISSN 1392-6748. 
  8. ^ a b c (Lithuanian) Stundienė, Regina (2010-10-23). "Labanoro šventovė antrąkart atgimsta iš pelenų". Ūkininko patarėjas. 
  9. ^ (Lithuanian) Sinkevičius, Dainius (2010-10-20). "Po sudegusios Labanoro bažnyčios altoriumi rastas lobis". Delfi.lt. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Labanoras at Wikimedia Commons