The family contains a total of approximately 72 species, spread across seven genera in three subfamilies. Some well-known members of the family include Labidura riparia, commonly known as the tawny earwig, and Gonolabidura meteor. The family is mostly cosmopolitan, so it can be found around the world. At least two species have been described from middle Cretaceous aged Burmese amber, 'Myrrholabia and Zigrasolabis.
The family's members are moderate to large earwigs, and are cylindrically shaped with well-developed wings. They have especially long antennae, while some segments can be shorter, and large cerci.