Laborers' International Union of North America

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LIUNA
LIUNA logo.png
Full name Laborers' International Union of North America
Founded April 13, 1903 (1903-04-13)
Members 557,999 (2013)[1]
Affiliation AFL-CIO
Key people Terence M. O'Sullivan, General President
Armand E. Sabitoni, General Secretary-Treasurer and New England Regional Manager
Country United States, Canada
Website www.liuna.org
LIUNA's headquarters is in the Moreschi Building in downtown Washington, D.C.

The Laborers' International Union of North America (LIUNA, often shortened to just the Laborers' Union) is an American and Canadian labor union formed in 1903, which seeks to advance the rights and interests of its members. As of 2009, they had about 632,000 members,[2] members, about 80,000 of whom are in Canada.[citation needed]

The current general president is Terence M. O'Sullivan who was appointed general president in 2000, elected by delegates in 2001, and re-elected in 2006. He did not face an opponent in either election. The union is divided into nine regions across North America; these regions are further divided into a total of just over 500 local unions. One region is in Canada and is led by Joseph Mancinelli.

On June 1, 2006, O'Sullivan announced that LIUNA had disaffiliated from the AFL-CIO and joined the Change to Win Federation.[3] However, LIUNA officials said on August 13, 2010, that the union would leave Change to Win and rejoin the AFL-CIO in October 2010.[4]

History[edit]

1900-1920[edit]

LIUNA’s origins stretch back to the 19th century when local construction unions began popping up across the United States.[5] Then, in March 1903, Samuel Gompers, the President of the American Federation of Labor (AFL), successfully persuaded various local construction unions from across the U.S. to unite in order to consolidate power in their fight against unfair labor practices.[6]

As a result, on April 13, 1903, the International Hod Carriers and Building Laborers’ Union (IHC and BLC) was established at its founding convention in Washington D.C. At the convention there were 25 delegates from 23 unions in 17 different cities in attendance.[6] During the course of the convention the delegates elected a General President, Herman Lilien,[7] a General Secretary-Treasurer, Harold Stemburgh, and adopted a Declaration of Principles.[8] Also, the delegates were able to produce the union's first charter, which claimed jurisdiction over:

"Wrecking of buildings, excavations of buildings, digging of trenches, piers and foundations, holes, digging, lagging, sheeting of said foundations, holes, and caisson work, concrete for buildings, whether foundations, floors or any other, whether done by hand or any other process, tending to masons, mixing and handling all materials used by masons (except stone setters), building of centers for fireproofing purposes, tending to carpenters, tending to and mixing of all materials for plastering, whether done by hand or any other process, clearing of debris from buildings, shoring, underpin- ning and raising of old buildings, drying of plastering, when done by sala- mander heat, handling of dimension stones."[5]

Nine years later, in 1912, the IHC and BLC experiences two name changes. First, in September, the union’s name was changed to the International Hod Carriers and Common Laborers of America. Then, in December, the name was changed again to the International Hod Carriers' Building and Common Laborers of America.[9]

During the early 20th century, the union achieved considerable wage raises for members in Pittsburgh, New York City, New York and Chicago, and orchestrated strikes in Boston, St. Louis and Philadelphia. By 1920, membership had climbed to 96,000. The union backed calls by African American workers to be allowed full and equal status as union members, denying permission for segregated unions to be founded in Kansas City and Cincinnati.

1921-1940[edit]

In 1929, the union expanded to include the Tunnel and Subway Contractors’ International Union. Then, eight years later, the union expanded again to include the Pavers' International Union.[6] However, during the Great Depression of the 1930s, membership fell to under 30,000 as more and more people lost their jobs.

In 1940, the union moved its international headquarters from Massachusetts to Washington D.C.[9] Also, in October of that year, union dues were suspended in support of the U.S.’s impending involvement in WWII.[6]

1941-1960[edit]

By 1942, despite the decline in union membership during the early years of the Great Depression, membership climbed back up to more than 400,000 - over half of which left their jobs to serve in World War II. In September 1946, at the general convention in Chicago, the union created a monthly journal called “The Laborer.” However, the first issue of the “The Laborer” was not published until June of 1947.[6] A few months later, in September, the union signed its first national pipeline agreement, which protected wages, benefits, and safety conditions for pipeline workers.[6]

During the 1950s, the union made significant gains concerning health and welfare benefits. For example, in 1956, laborers in Pittsburg were able to form pension plans.[9]Also, in 1955, the union helped establish the National Joint Heavy and Highway Construction Committee. The purpose of the committee was to ensure that union members could take advantage of the jobs created by the Interstate Highway Act of 1954.[9]

1961-1980[edit]

In 1962, the Laborers met with President John F. Kennedy at the White House to pledge not to discriminate when hiring. Later, after President Kennedy was assassinated, the union went back to the White House yet again, this time to pledge support for President Lyndon Johnson’s “War on Poverty."[9] Union members even participated in Martin Luther King Jr.’s March on Washington in 1963.[10] In 1965, the union was renamed the Laborers' International Union of North America (LIUNA).[11] A year later, LIUNA created the Laborers’ Political League in order to both influence politics and encourage its members to participate in the political process.[9] In 1968, the union expanded to include over 60,000 new workers from the National Association of Post Office Mail Handlers, Watchmen, Messengers and Group Leaders. Also, the Journeyman Stone Cutters Association of North America joined with the union as well.[9]

During the 1970s, LIUNA continued to push for improved education and training for its workers despite a slowdown in construction projects. For instance, in 1971, LIUNA’s Laborers – Associated General Contractors Fund completed a film and held its first national training conference.[9] In addition, LIUNA helped hospital workers organize under the AFL-CIO’s Public Employee Department in 1974.[9] Also in that year, LIUNA signed a national agreement with Bricklayers and Masonry contractors.[9] In 1976, LIUNA began training women to work in construction with funds from the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act.[9] Other notable achievements for LIUNA during the 1970s were newly established pension plans in central and southern states, legal services for members of Louisiana local 229, and a vision center for members in Massachusetts.[9]

1981-2000[edit]

Membership (US records)[12]

Finances (US records; ×$1000)[12]
     Assets      Liabilities      Receipts      Disbursements

The 1980s were tough times for labor in general due to President Ronald Reagan’s tough stance on unions. However, there were some successes for LIUNA. In 1981, LIUNA locals in New York sought to improve their benefits by offering drug and alcohol rehabilitation programs.[9] Also, in that same year, LIUNA created the New England Laborers’ Training Academy (NETLA). The purpose of NELTA was to spread awareness of the dangers of asbestos and teach union members how to safely remove it.[13] Then, just six years later, LIUNA signed a national agreement with the Asbestos Abatement Contractors Association insuring safer working conditions for all its members.[9] Two years prior to that, the union won another significant victory when the Department of Labor formally recognized highway flaggers as members of LIUNA. This was important because it gave the highway flaggers better protection for their wages.[9] In 1988, LIUNA established the Laborers’ Health and Safety Fund of North America, which was a co-venture between labor and management to help improved health and safety for workers.[13] One year later, LIUNA locals in Baltimore and Washington D.C. followed the example set by New York unions and instituted drug and alcohol rehabilitation programs. These programs have since been expanded to unions across the rest of America.[13]

During the 1990s, LIUNA experienced a number of new organizing initiatives to improve and expand the union. By 1994, the United States Department of Labor had recognized construction as an apprenticeable occupation, which allowed LIUNA to establish its own apprenticeship program.[13] In 1998, LIUNA created its Public Employee Department. As a result, LIUNA added approximately 5,200 Riverside, Ca. County workers along members of the Canadian Licensed Practical Nurses Association.[9]

2001-Present[edit]

In 2001, members of the LIUNA participated in the clean up at Ground Zero in New York following the September 11 terrorist attacks.[14] In 2003, the same year the Laborers' Union celebrated its 100th anniversary, it also spearheaded the creation of its first construction charter school. The Cranston Public Schools Construction and Career Academy is a high school that teaches students about the construction industry and how to get into it.[14] At the 2011 convention, LIUNA past several resolutions to help invest in political activism through the organization’s Political Action Committee (PAC).[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ US Department of Labor, Office of Labor-Management Standards. File number 000-131. Report. Report submitted March 28, 2014.
  2. ^ US Department of Labor, Office of Labor-Management Standards. File number 000-131. Report. Report submitted March 31, 2010.
  3. ^ "Laborers' Announce Official Split With AFL-CIO As of June 1." Engineering News-Record. May 29, 2006; "Laborer's to Make AFL-CIO Break Official." Chicago Sun Times. May 23, 2006.
  4. ^ "Construction Workers' Union to Rejoin A.F.L.-C.I.O.", Associated Press. August 14, 2010.
  5. ^ a b "The Laborer: 100th Anniversary Edition". 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Mercey, Arch (1954). The Laborers' Story: 1903-1953. Washington DC: Ransdell Inc. 
  7. ^ "Herman Lilien". Retrieved November 2014. 
  8. ^ "International Hod Carriers and Building Laborers’ Union Declaration of Principles". Retrieved November 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Matejka, Mike. "LIUNA History 1903-2003". Retrieved November 2014. 
  10. ^ "“LIUNA History: 1961-1980”". LIUNA. Retrieved December 2014. 
  11. ^ "“Laborers’ International Union Celebrates 110 Years"". Minnesota Laborers-Employment Cooperation & Education Trust News. Retrieved November 2014. 
  12. ^ a b US Department of Labor, Office of Labor-Management Standards. File number 011-661. (Search)
  13. ^ a b c d "“LIUNA History: 1981-2000”". LIUNA. Retrieved November 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c ""LIUNA History: 2001-Present"". LIUNA. Retrieved November 2014. 

External links[edit]