The Labour Exchanges Act 1909 was an Act of Parliament which saw the creation of labour exchanges. The stated purpose was to help the unemployed find employment.
Prior to Labour Exchanges, workers would have to search for jobs themselves, which was quite difficult during the winter. The act also wanted to improve the mobility of the workforce, which until then had not been achieved. However, the Exchanges were not very effective since only 25% of those listed on the Labour Exchange workforce found employment through them.
The law was opposed by some trade unions that feared their bargaining power would be reduced by the law and make it easier to recruit cheap labour from distant parts of the country.