First Wilson ministry

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Labour Government 1964–1970)
Jump to: navigation, search

Harold Wilson became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on 16 October 1964, and formed the First Wilson Ministry.

Formation[edit]

The Labour Party had won the 1964 general election by a majority of 4 seats. The Profumo affair had seriously damaged the previous Conservative government, meaning Alec Douglas-Home's Premiership lasted only 363 days. Wilson's tiny majority led to impotency during this Parliament, and in 1966 another election was called, leading to a majority of 96 and the continuation of the Wilson government.

Fate[edit]

By 1969, the Labour Party was suffering serious electoral reverses. In May 1970, Wilson responded to an apparent recovery in his government's popularity by calling a general election, but, to the surprise of most observers, was defeated at the polls by the Conservatives under Edward Heath.

List of Ministers[edit]

Members of the Cabinet are in bold face.

Office Name Dates Notes
Prime Minister,
First Lord of the Treasury
and Minister for the Civil Service
Harold Wilson 16 October 1964 – 19 June 1970  
First Secretary of State George Brown 16 October 1964 Office linked to Department of Economic Affairs until 29 August 1967
Michael Stewart 11 August 1966 – 18 March 1968  
Barbara Castle 6 April 1968 Office linked to Ministry of Employment
Lord Chancellor Lord Gardiner 16 October 1964  
Lord President of the Council
and Leader of the House of Commons
Herbert Bowden 16 October 1964
Richard Crossman 11 August 1966  
Fred Peart 18 October 1968  
Lord Privy Seal The Earl of Longford 18 October 1964 also Leader of the House of Lords
Sir Frank Soskice 23 December 1965  
The Earl of Longford 6 April 1966 also Leader of the House of Lords
Lord Shackleton 16 January 1968 also Leader of the House of Lords
Fred Peart 6 April 1968  
Lord Shackleton 18 October 1968 also Leader of the House of Lords
Chancellor of the Exchequer James Callaghan 16 October 1964  
Roy Jenkins 30 November 1967  
Chief Secretary to the Treasury John Diamond 20 October 1964 Office in Cabinet from 1 November 1968
Minister of State, Treasury David John Mauerman 6 April 1968  
Bill Rodgers 13 October 1969  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury Edward Short 18 October 1964  
John Silkin 4 July 1966  
Robert Mellish 30 April 1969  
office vacant 31 May 1970  
Financial Secretary to the Treasury Niall MacDermot 21 October 1964  
Harold Lever 29 August 1967  
Dick Taverne 13 October 1969  
Economic Secretary to the Treasury Anthony Crosland 19 October 1964 de facto Minister of State for Economic Affairs. Office abolished 22 December 1964
Secretary of State for Economic Affairs George Brown 16 October 1964  
Michael Stewart 11 August 1966  
Peter Shore 29 August 1967 Office abolished 6 October 1969
Minister of State for Economic Affairs Anthony Crosland 20 October 1964 Nominally Economic Secretary to the Treasury until 22 December 1964
Austen Albu 27 January 1965 – 7 January 1967  
Thomas Urwin 6 April 1968 – 6 October 1969  
Under-Secretary of State for Economic Affairs Maurice Foley 21 October 1964 – 6 April 1966  
Bill Rodgers 21 October 1964 – 7 January 1967  
Harold Lever 7 January 1967 – 29 August 1967  
Peter Shore 7 January 1967 – 29 August 1967  
Alan Williams 29 August 1967 – 6 October 1969  
Edmund Dell 29 August 1967 – 6 April 1968  
Lords of the Treasury George Rogers 21 October 1964 – 11 January 1966  
George Lawson 21 October 1964 – 1 April 1967  
Jack McCann 21 October 1964 – 11 April 1966 and 29 July 1967 – 13 October 1969  
Ifor Davies 21 October 1964 – 6 April 1966  
Harriet Slater 21 October 1964 – 6 April 1966  
John Silkin 11 January 1966 – 11 April 1966  
Alan Fitch 16 April 1966 – 13 October 1969  
Joseph Harper 16 April 1966 – 19 June 1970  
William Whitlock 11 April 1966 – 7 July 1966 and 1 April 1967 – 28 July 1967  
William Howie 16 April 1966 – 1 April 1967  
Harry Gourlay 7 July 1966 – 1 April 1967  
Brian O'Malley 1 April 1967 – 13 October 1969  
Walter Harrison 29 October 1968 – 19 June 1970  
Neil McBride 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Ernest Perry 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Ernest Armstrong 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Patrick Gordon Walker 16 October 1964  
Michael Stewart 22 January 1965  
George Brown 11 August 1966 Resigned
Michael Stewart 16 March 1968 Merged with Commonwealth Office 17 October 1968
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Michael Stewart 17 October 1968  
Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Lord Caradon 16 October 1964 – 19 June 1970  
George Thomson 19 June 1964 – 6 April 1966 and 7 January 1967 – 29 August 1967  
Walter Padley 19 October 1964 – 7 January 1967  
Lord Chalfont 23 October 1964 – 19 June 1970  
Eirene White 11 April 1966 – 7 January 1967  
Frederick Mulley 7 January 1967 – 17 October 1968 Merged with Commonwealth Office 17 October 1968
Goronwy Roberts 29 August 1967 – 17 October 1968 Merged with Commonwealth Office 17 October 1968
Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Frederick Mulley 17 October 1968 – 6 October 1969  
Goronwy Roberts 17 October 1968 – 13 October 1969  
The Lord Shepherd 17 October 1968 – 19 June 1970  
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Lord Walston 20 October 1964  
Bill Rodgers 7 January 1967  
Maurice Foley 3 July 1968 Merged with Commonwealth Office 17 October 1968
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Maurice Foley 17 October 1968 – 19 June 1970  
William Whitlock 17 October 1968 – 13 October 1969  
Evan Luard 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Secretary of State for the Home Department Sir Frank Soskice 18 October 1964  
Roy Jenkins 23 December 1965  
James Callaghan 30 November 1967  
Minister of State for Home Affairs Alice Bacon 19 October 1964  
Lord Stonham 29 August 1967  
Shirley Williams 13 October 1969  
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department Lord Stonham 20 October 1964 – 29 August 1967  
George Thomas 20 October 1964 – 6 April 1966  
Maurice Foley 6 April 1966 – 7 January 1967  
Dick Taverne 6 April 1966 – 6 April 1968  
David Ennals 7 January 1967 – 1 November 1968  
Elystan Morgan 6 April 1968 – 19 June 1970  
Merlyn Rees 1 November 1968 – 19 June 1970  
Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Fred Peart 18 October 1964  
Cledwyn Hughes 6 April 1968  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food John Mackie 20 October 1964 – 19 June 1970  
James Hutchison Hoy 21 October 1964 – 19 June 1970  
Minister of State for Aviation Roy Jenkins 18 October 1964  
Frederick Mulley 23 December 1965  
John Stonehouse 7 January 1967 Office abolished 15 February 1967
Parliamentary Secretary for Aviation John Stonehouse 20 October 1964  
Julian Snow 6 April 1966 Office abolished 7 January 1967
Secretary of State for the Colonies Anthony Greenwood 18 October 1964  
The Earl of Longford 23 December 1965 also Leader of the House of Lords
Frederick Lee 6 April 1966 Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs from 1 August 1966. Office abolished 7 January 1967
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies Eirene White 20 October 1964 – 11 October 1965  
Lord Taylor 20 October 1964 – 11 April 1966 Also Under-Secretary at Commonwealth Relations
Lord Beswick 11 October 1965 – 1 August 1966 Also Under-Secretary at Commonwealth Relations
Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations Arthur Bottomley 18 October 1964 Merged into Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs
Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs Herbert Bowden 11 August 1966  
George Thomson 29 August 1967 Merged with Foreign Office 17 October 1968
Minister of State for Commonwealth Relations Cledwyn Hughes 19 October 1964 – 6 April 1966 Merged into Minister of State for Commonwealth Affairs
Minister of State for Commonwealth Affairs Judith Hart 6 April 1966 – 26 July 1967  
George Thomas 7 January 1967 – 6 April 1968  
The Lord Shepherd 26 July 1967 Merged with Foreign Office 17 October 1968
Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations Lord Taylor 20 October 1964 Also Under-Secretary for the Colonies
Lord Beswick 11 October 1965 Also Under-Secretary for the Colonies until 1 August 1966
Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs Lord Beswick 1 August 1966  
William Whitlock 26 July 1967 Merged with Foreign Office 17 October 1968
Secretary of State for Defence Denis Healey 16 October 1964  
Minister of State for the Army Frederick Mulley 19 October 1964 Also Deputy Secretary of State
Gerald Reynolds 24 December 1965  
Under-Secretary of State for the Army Gerald Reynolds 20 October 1964  
Merlyn Rees 24 December 1965  
David Ennals 6 April 1966  
James Boyden 7 January 1967  
Ivor Richard 13 October 1969  
Minister of State for the Navy Christopher Mayhew 19 October 1964  
Joseph Mallalieu 19 February 1966 Office abolished 7 January 1967
Under-Secretary of State for the Navy Joseph Mallalieu 21 October 1964  
Lord Winterbottom 6 April 1966  
Maurice Foley 7 January 1967  
David Owen 3 July 1968  
Minister of State for the Air Force Lord Shackleton 19 October 1964 Office abolished 7 January 1967
Under-Secretary of State for the Air Force Bruce Millan 20 October 1964  
Merlyn Rees 16 April 1966  
Lord Winterbottom 1 November 1968  
Minister of Defence for Administration Gerald Reynolds 7 January 1967  
Roy Hattersley 15 July 1969  
Minister of Defence for Equipment Roy Mason 7 January 1967  
John Morris 16 April 1968  
Secretary of State for Education and Science Michael Stewart 18 October 1964  
Anthony Crosland 22 January 1965  
Patrick Gordon Walker 29 August 1967  
Edward Short 6 April 1968  
Minister of State for Education and Science Lord Bowden 19 October 1964 – 11 October 1965
Reg Prentice 20 October 1964 – 6 April 1966  
Edward Redhead 11 October 1965 – 7 January 1967  
Goronwy Roberts 6 April 1966 – 29 August 1967  
Shirley Williams 7 January 1967 – 13 October 1969  
Alice Bacon 29 August 1967 – 19 June 1970  
Gerald Fowler 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Minister of State for the Arts Jennie Lee 17 February 1967 – 19 June 1970  
Under-Secretary of State for Education James Boyden 20 October 1964 – 24 February 1965  
Denis Howell 20 October 1964 – 13 October 1969  
Jennie Lee 24 February 1965 – 17 February 1967 Arts
Joan Lestor 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Secretary of State for Employment and Productivity Barbara Castle 6 April 1968  
Minister of State for Employment and Productivity Edmund Dell 13 October 1969  
Under-Secretary of State for Employment Ernest Fernyhough 6 April 1968 – 13 October 1969  
Roy Hattersley 6 April 1968 – 13 October 1969  
Harold Walker 6 April 1968 – 13 October 1969  
Minister of Health Kenneth Robinson 18 October 1964 Office abolished 1 November 1968
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health Sir Barnett Stross 20 October 1964  
Charles Loughlin 24 February 1965  
Julian Snow 7 January 1967  
Secretary of State for Social Services Richard Crossman 1 November 1968 Incl. Health
Minister of State for Social Services Stephen Swingler 1 November 1968 – 19 February 1969  
David Ennals 1 November 1968 – 19 June 1970  
Lady Serota 25 February 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Under-Secretary of State for Social Services Norman Pentland 1 November 1968 – 13 October 1969  
Charles Loughlin 1 November 1968 – 20 November 1968  
Julian Snow 1 November 1968 – 13 October 1969  
Brian O'Malley 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
John Dunwoody 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Minister of Housing and Local Government Richard Crossman 18 October 1964  
Anthony Greenwood 11 August 1966 Office not in Cabinet from 6 October 1969
Robert Mellish 31 May 1970  
Minister of State for Housing and Local Government Frederick Willey 17 February 1967  
Niall MacDermot 29 August 1967 – 28 September 1968  
Denis Howell 13 October 1969  
Minister for Planning and Land Kenneth Robinson 1 November 1968 Office abolished 6 October 1969
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Housing and Local Government Robert Mellish 18 October 1964 – 29 August 1967  
James MacColl 20 October 1964 – 13 October 1969  
The Lord Kennet 6 April 1966 – 19 June 1970  
Arthur Skeffington 17 February 1967 – 19 June 1970  
Reginald Freeson 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Richard Marsh 20 October 1964 – 11 October 1965  
Ernest Thornton 21 October 1964 – 6 April 1966  
Shirley Williams 6 April 1966 – 7 January 1967  
Ernest Fernyhough 7 January 1967 – 6 April 1968  
Roy Hattersley 7 January 1967 – 6 April 1968  
Minister of Labour Ray Gunter 18 October 1964 Reorganised as Secretary of State for Employment and Productivity 6 April 1968
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Douglas Houghton 18 October 1964  
George Thomson 6 April 1966 Office not in Cabinet
Frederick Lee 7 January 1967  
George Thomson 6 October 1969 Office in Cabinet
Secretary of State for Local Government and Regional Planning Anthony Crosland 6 October 1969  
Minister of State for Local Government and Regional Planning Thomas Urwin 6 October 1969  
Minister for Land and Natural Resources Frederick Willey 18 October 1964 Office wound up 17 February 1967
Parliamentary Secretary for Land and Natural Resources Lord Mitchison October 1964 – 6 April 1966  
Arthur Skeffington 21 October 1964 – 17 February 1967  
Minister of Overseas Development Barbara Castle 18 October 1964  
Anthony Greenwood 23 December 1965  
Arthur Bottomley 11 August 1966  
Reginald Prentice 29 August 1967 Office no longer in Cabinet
Judith Hart 6 October 1969  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Overseas Development Albert Oram 21 October 1964  
Ben Whitaker 13 October 1969  
Paymaster General George Wigg 19 October 1964 – 12 November 1967  
office vacant 12 November 1967  
Lord Shackleton 6 April 1968 also Leader of the House of Lords
Judith Hart 1 November 1968  
Harold Lever 6 October 1969  
Minister of Pensions and National Insurance Margaret Herbison 18 October 1964 Minister of Social Security from 6 August 1966
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Pensions Harold Davies 20 October 1964 – 6 August 1966  
Norman Pentland 21 October 1964 – 6 August 1966  
Minister without Portfolio Sir Eric Fletcher 19 October 1964 – 6 April 1966  
Lord Champion 21 October 1964 – 7 January 1967  
Douglas Houghton 6 April 1966 – 7 January 1967 In Cabinet
Lord Shackleton 7 January 1967 – 16 January 1968  
Patrick Gordon Walker 7 January 1967 – 21 August 1967  
George Thomson 17 October 1968 – 6 October 1969  
Peter Shore 6 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Postmaster-General Tony Benn 19 October 1964  
Edward Short 4 July 1966  
Roy Mason 6 April 1968  
John Stonehouse 1 July 1968 Post Office became public corporation 1 October 1969
Assistant Postmaster-General Joseph Slater 20 October 1964  
Minister for Posts and Telecommunications John Stonehouse 1 October 1969  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Posts and Telecommunications Joseph Slater 1 October 1969  
Norman Pentland 13 October 1969  
Minister of Power Fred Lee 18 October 1964  
Richard Marsh 6 April 1966  
Ray Gunter 6 April 1968  
Roy Mason 1 July 1968 Office abolished 6 October 1969
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Power John Morris 21 October 1964  
Lord Lindgren 10 January 1966  
Jeremy Bray 6 April 1966  
Reginald Freeson 7 January 1967 – 6 October 1969  
Minister of Public Building and Works Charles Pannell 19 October 1964  
Reginald Prentice 6 April 1966  
Robert Mellish 29 August 1967  
John Silkin 30 April 1969  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Public Building and Works Jennie Lee 20 October 1964 Arts
James Boyden 24 February 1965  
Lord Winterbottom 7 January 1967  
Charles Loughlin 20 November 1968  
Secretary of State for Scotland Willie Ross 18 October 1964  
Minister of State for Scotland George Willis 20 October 1964 – 7 January 1967  
Dickson Mabon 7 January 1967 – 19 June 1970  
Lord Hughes 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Under-Secretary of State for Scotland Lord Hughes 21 October 1964 – 13 October 1969  
Judith Hart 20 October 1964 – 6 April 1966  
Dickson Mabon 21 October 1964 – 7 January 1967  
Bruce Millan 6 April 1966 – 19 June 1970  
Norman Buchan 7 January 1967 – 19 June 1970  
Minister of Social Security Margaret Herbison 6 August 1966  
Judith Hart 26 July 1967 Office abolished 1 November 1968 — thereafter Health & Social Security
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Social Security Harold Davies 6 August 1966 – 7 January 1967  
Norman Pentland 6 August 1966 – 1 November 1968  
Charles Loughlin 7 January 1967 – 1 November 1968  
Minister of Technology Frank Cousins 18 October 1964  
Tony Benn 4 July 1966  
Minister of State for Technology John Stonehouse 15 February 1967 – 1 July 1968  
Joseph Mallalieu 1 July 1968 – 13 October 1969  
Reg Prentice 6 October 1969 – 10 October 1969  
Lord Delacourt-Smith 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Eric Varley 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Technology Julian Snow 19 October 1964 – 6 April 1966  
Richard Marsh 11 October 1965 – 6 April 1966  
Peter Shore 6 April 1966 – 7 January 1967  
Edmund Dell 6 April 1966 – 29 August 1967  
Jeremy Bray 7 January 1967 – 24 September 1969  
Gerald Fowler 29 August 1967 – 13 October 1969  
Alan Williams 6 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Neil Carmichael 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Ernest Davies 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
President of the Board of Trade Douglas Jay 18 October 1964  
Anthony Crosland 29 August 1967  
Roy Mason 6 October 1969  
Minister of State for Trade George Darling 20 October 1964 – 6 April 1968  
Edward Redhead 20 October 1964 – 11 October 1965  
Roy Mason 20 October 1964 – 7 January 1967  
Lord Brown 11 October 1965 – 19 June 1970  
Joseph Mallalieu 7 January 1967 – 1 July 1968  
Edmund Dell 6 April 1968 – 13 October 1969  
William Rodgers 1 July 1968 – 13 October 1969  
Goronwy Roberts 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade Lord Rhodes 20 October 1964  
Lord Walston 7 January 1967  
Gwyneth Dunwoody 29 August 1967  
Minister of Transport Thomas Fraser 18 October 1964  
Barbara Castle 23 December 1965  
Richard Marsh 6 April 1968  
Frederick Mulley 6 October 1969 Office no longer in Cabinet
Minister of State for Transport Stephen Swingler 29 August 1967 Office vacant 1 November 1968
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Transport Lord Lindgren 20 October 1964 – 10 January 1966  
Stephen Swingler 20 October 1964 – 29 August 1967  
John Morris 10 January 1966 – 6 April 1968  
Neil George Carmichael 29 August 1967 – 13 October 1969  
Robert Brown 6 April 1968 – 19 June 1970  
Albert Murray 13 October 1969 – 19 June 1970  
Secretary of State for Wales James Griffiths 18 October 1964  
Cledwyn Hughes 6 April 1966  
George Thomas 6 April 1968  
Minister of State for Wales Goronwy Roberts 20 October 1964  
George Thomas 6 April 1966  
Eirene White 7 January 1967  
Under-Secretary of State for Wales Harold Finch 21 October 1964  
Ifor Davies 6 April 1966  
Edward Rowlands 13 October 1969  
Attorney General Sir Elwyn Jones 18 October 1964  
Solicitor General Sir Dingle Foot 18 October 1964  
Sir Arthur Irvine 24 August 1967  
Lord Advocate Gordon Stott 20 October 1964 Not an MP
Henry Wilson 26 October 1967 Not an MP
Solicitor General for Scotland James Graham Leechman 20 October 1964 Not an MP
Henry Wilson 11 October 1965 Not an MP
Ewan George Francis Stewart 26 October 1967 Not an MP
Treasurer of the Household Sydney Irving 21 October 1964  
John Silkin 11 April 1966  
Charles Grey 7 July 1966  
Charles Richard Morris 13 October 1969  
Comptroller of the Household Charles Grey 21 October 1964  
William Whitlock 7 July 1966  
William Howie 1 April 1967  
Ioan Evans 6 February 1968  
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household William Whitlock 21 October 1964  
Jack McCann 11 April 1966  
Charles Richard Morris 29 July 1967  
Alan Fitch 13 October 1969  
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms The Lord Shepherd 21 October 1964  
Lord Beswick 29 July 1967  
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard Lord Bowles 28 December 1964  
Lords in Waiting Lord Hobson 21 October 1964 – 17 February 1966  
Lord Beswick 28 December 1964 – 11 October 1965  
Lord Sorensen 28 December 1964 – 20 April 1968  
Lady Phillips 10 December 1965 – 19 June 1970  
Lord Hilton of Upton 6 April 1966 – 19 June 1970  
Lady Serota 23 April 1968 – 25 February 1969  
Lady Llewelyn-Davies 13 March 1969 – 19 June 1970  

References[edit]

  • D. Butler and G. Butler (ed.). Twentieth Century British Political Facts 1900–2000. 
Preceded by
Douglas-Home ministry
List of British ministries
1964–1970
Succeeded by
Heath ministry