The Labour Party leadership election of 1983 was an election in the United Kingdom for the leadership of the Labour Party. It occurred when former leader Michael Foot resigned after winning only 209 seats at the 1983 general election — a loss of 70 seats compared to their performance at the previous election four years earlier. This was the worst showing for Labour since 1931.
Four contenders stood to replace Foot: Neil Kinnock, Roy Hattersley, Eric Heffer and Peter Shore, with Kinnock favoured to win. The results of the election were:
Neil Kinnock won the election with an outright majority and Roy Hattersley became his deputy, beating Michael Meacher. Kinnock remained leader until 1992. Kinnock fought in two further elections, both unsuccessfully. He failed to beat Margaret Thatcher in the 1987 general election despite gaining some seats. Kinnock resigned as leader after a fourth successive Labour defeat and the hands of John Major in the 1992 election. He resigned as leader shortly afterwords, paving the way for John Smith.