Labour is not a commodity
Labour is not a commodity is the principle expressed in the preamble to the International Labour Organization's founding documents. It expresses the view that people should not be treated like inanimate commodities, capital, another mere factor of production, or resources. Instead, people who work for a living should be treated as human beings, and accorded dignity and respect.
- Clayton Act 1914, which gave trade unions in the United States the freedom from paying penalties from courts for organising and taking collective action
- Versailles Treaty, establishing the International Labour Organization, Article 427
- Declaration of Philadelphia 1944, reestablishing the ILO under the United Nations, and reaffirming the first principle that labour is not a commodity.
- P O'Higgins, ‘Labour is not a Commodity’ — an Irish Contribution to International Labour Law' (1997) 26(3) Industrial Law Journal 225-234
- International Labour Organization, Declaration of Philadelphia (1944)