Labskaus (also spelled Lapskaus) is a culinary specialty from Northern Germany and in particular from the cities of Bremen, Lübeck, and Hamburg. The main ingredients are salted meat or corned beef, potatoes, and onion. Some recipes put beetroot, pickled gherkin, or even herring into it, while others have these ingredients as side orders.
The origin of this word is uncertain. One possible source for the name could be Latvian Labs kausis, meaning 'good bowl' or hotpot, or Lithuanian labas káuszas, meaning the same. The dish became common amongst sailors and seamen during the time of the great ships. Potatoes and salted meats were a standard fare and Labskaus would make a less than fresh cut of meat more palatable and stretch the meat supply. Labskaus is now commonly served in restaurants only on Germany's Northern coast.
Countless variations of the dish exist. For example in Bremen, 95 km away from Hamburg, Labskaus usually is a preparation of fried corned beef, onions and mashed potatoes with the beetroot and a Rollmops being served as a side dish.
Variations of the dish are also to be found in Scandinavia, generally without the use of herring. In Denmark the dish is similar to the Bremen version, but without the herring and some times with added gravy. In Sweden, Lapskojs is a stew made with beef and mashed potatoes. In Norway, the word lapskaus more often refers to a variation of beef stew often made with gravy, or in some cases other types of stew, more or less identical to the Liverpudlian scouse.